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FDR’s New Deal. Essential Question. What programs were implemented as part of FDR’s New Deal?. Who is Franklin Roosevelt ?. Distant relative of Teddy Roosevelt Disabled from Polio as a young politician Became governor of NY in 1929 1932 campaign promised public works programs

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FDR’s New Deal

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FDR’s New Deal


Essential Question

  • What programs were implemented as part of FDR’s New Deal?


Who is Franklin Roosevelt ?

  • Distant relative of Teddy Roosevelt

  • Disabled from Polio as a young politician

  • Became governor of NY in 1929

  • 1932 campaign promised public works programs

  • Won 57% of popular vote and electoral votes in all but six states

  • Became 32nd president


Who is Franklin Roosevelt?

  • Known for his fireside chats

  • Ideological philosophy: liberal that believed in gov’t intervention to help alleviate suffering

  • Power team: wife Eleanor Roosevelt


Roosevelt Helps the Banks

  • Roosevelt declared a bank holiday

  • Pushed through Emergency Banking Act – gave gov’t the power to review stability of banks

  • FDR boosts public confidence in banks again

  • Glass Steagall Act created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) – gov’t insurance for deposits


First Hundred Days of the New Deal

  • Response to banking crisis became part of his first hundred days

  • The First Hundred Days is FDR’s first 100 days in office in which he implemented parts of his New Deal program

  • New Deal Priorities

    • Relief for suffering

    • Recovery of the economy

    • Reforms to prevent future crisis


Alphabet Soup

  • Long list of programs which aimed to ease the GD through R, R, and R.

  • Examples: CCC, WPA, AAA, TVA, PWA, SSA, etc.


Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

  • Passed March 1933

  • Put men age 18-25 back to work

  • Conservation projects like planting trees, improving parks

  • Lived in army style camps

  • Sent most of their money back to their families


Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

  • Government gives $ to farmers to decrease supply


National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)

  • Gov’t mandates businesses in the same industry set prices and levels of production

  • NRA encourages minimum wage, maximum work weeks


Federal Securities Act

  • Companies must share financial information with public

  • Help investors make wise decisions

  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to watch stock market


Talk to your neighbor: What programs were implemented as part of FDR’s New Deal?


Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

  • Built dams along the Tennessee River

  • Dams controlled floods, aided navigation and shipping along the river and provided hydroelectric power


Civil Works Administration (CWA)

  • Gov’t funded program to build roads, parks, airports, sewage lines and dams

  • This put millions of Americans to work


Second New Deal

  • WPA or Works Progress Administration

    • Built roads, subways, airports, zoos

    • Worked in offices, schools, museums, factories

    • Recorded oral histories

    • Funded efforts of artists, writers, composers, actors

    • At its peak employed 3.4 million


Social Security Act

  • Regular payments for people 65 and older

FDR signing the Social Security Act


Rural Electrification Act (REA)

  • Gov’t loaned money to groups trying to bring electricity to rural areas


Talk to your neighbor: What programs were implemented as part of FDR’s New Deal?


FDR Reelected by Landside in 1936

  • Courts beginning to strike down parts of New Deal as unconstitutional but FDR still popular

  • Unemployment still high but cut in ½

  • Corporate earnings steadily climbing

  • Significant election: shift in Af-Am voters


The Troubled Court Packing Plan

  • FDR was frustrated courts had stuck down several New Deal Programs

  • Told the Congress of his plan to appoint new judges and expand the supreme court to make it more efficient

  • Most people saw this as an attempt to “pack the court” and ruin the balance of the Separation of Powers

  • Fortunately for FDR, Supreme Court began ruling in favor of New Deal programs


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