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One Vote Less. 4-3-2-1. 4 important people from the Civil War and what side they were on. 3 battles and why they were important 2 plans for Reconstruction 1 reason why it is important to learn about Reconstruction. Reconstruction (1865-1876).

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One vote less

One Vote Less


4 3 2 1

4-3-2-1

  • 4 important people from the Civil War and what side they were on.

  • 3 battles and why they were important

  • 2 plans for Reconstruction

  • 1 reason why it is important to learn about Reconstruction.


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Reconstruction

(1865-1876)

Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY


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Freedmen’s Bureau (1865)

  • Many former northern abolitionists risked their lives to help southern freedmen.

  • Other Northerners recognized the opportunity for economic gain.

  • Called “carpetbaggers” by white southern Democrats.


Black codes

Black Codes

  • Curfew - Generally, black people could not gather after sunset.

  • Vagrancy laws - Freedmen convicted of vagrancy could be fined, whipped, or sold for a year’s labor.

  • Labor contracts - Freedmen had to sign agreements in January for a year of work. Those who quit in the middle of a contract often lost all the wages they had earned.


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Black Codes

  • Purpose:

    • Guarantee stable labor supply now that blacks were emancipated.

    • Restore pre-emancipationsystem of race relations.

  • Forced many blacks to become sharecroppers[tenant farmers].


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Sharecropping


Historically black colleges

Historically Black Colleges

  • Many blacks along with the support of the American Missionary Association (AMA) and the Freedmen's Bureau, set up private colleges and universities for the education of blacks.

  • More education for freedmen led to higher demand for black colleges

  • Universities include Atlanta, Morehouse, Fisk, and Howard.


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Establishment of Historically Black Colleges in the South


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The “Invisible Empire of the South”


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The Civil Rights Act of 1875

  • Crime for any individual to deny full &equal use of public conveyances andpublic places.

  • Prohibited discrimination in jury selection.

  • Shortcoming lacked a strong enforcement mechanism.

  • No new civil rights act was attemptedfor 90 years!


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“Regional Balance?”


Spread of segregation jim crow laws

1890 First “Jim Crow” law in Louisiana requires separate train cars for blacks and whites.

Jim Crow laws offered “separate but equal” treatment of blacks

Spread of Segregation:“Jim Crow Laws”

Separation by law of public accommodations


Blacks developed strong social institutions

Blacks developed strong social institutions

  • Morehouse college

  • Spelman college

  • Negro baseball League


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