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- Human Development and Sustainability – (according to the UN) - Human Development Index.
There are seven billion people alive today. Approximately one billion people live in developed countries. The other six billion people live in developing countries, where many of them barely survive on less than $2 or even $1 a day.
to their full potential and lead productive, creative lives
in accord with their needs and interests. It is about
expanding people’s choices and enhancing capabilities
(the range of things people can be and do), having access
to knowledge, health and a decent standard of living, and
participating in the life of their community and decisions
affecting their lives.
life expectancy — an indication of how long a person can expect live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change (AIHW, 2008)
Access the Human Development Report to research this indicator and analyse differences between countries: http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2013/
The only quartile considered developed is number 1. The rest are considered developing although the level of development varies considerably among these countries.
Use the glossary on the WHO website (http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/en/#D) to find definitions for the following terms:
Involve the people. Involving the local communities in the design, implementation and evaluation of projects will empower people and increase the likelihood of them taking ownership of the project.
Focus on involving and educating women. Gender inequality continues to be an issue for many developing countries, with women in general having lower social status, lower levels of education, less access to health services and less opportunity for higher-paid employment. Women are responsible for the majority of agricultural and domestic work, including the care of children. It is therefore important that women are the focus of health and education programs. By empowering women, families and communities become empowered, and social and economic sustainability is achieved.
Improving health contributes to the achievement of human development and sustainability, as individuals who are able to work and participate in society are more able to lead productive and creative lives in accordance with their needs and interests. As the income-earning capacity of individuals within a community increases, so does a country’s Gross National Income. This enables the country to provide much-needed resources such as clean water, sanitation and health care. This, in turn, further promotes the health of individuals and communities and assists in ensuring human development. As the cycle continues, human development becomes sustainable.
At a community level, providing services and infrastructure is often costly, and as a result the local government may not be able to meet the associated costs. Developing countries that do not have the resources to develop their own infrastructure may need to access resources and expertise from another country, and the cost may be far too expensive. For a country to develop and implement economically and socially sustainable programs, affordability of services and infrastructure is a key consideration for donor countries and organisations.