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Recirculating chiller (-10 degrees) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Stereo photography of bubbles Three triggers: acoustic, pressure and video. Safety shield box. Glass dewar. Propylene glycol buffer liquid prevents evaporation of superheated liquid. 3-way valve. Cameras. Superheated CF 3 Br. Glass dewar with heat-exchange fluid.

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Recirculating chiller (-10 degrees)

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Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

Stereo photography of

bubbles

Three triggers: acoustic,

pressure and video

Safety shield box

Glass dewar

Propylene glycol buffer

liquid prevents evaporation

of superheated liquid.

3-way valve

Cameras

Superheated CF3Br

Glass dewar with

heat-exchange fluid

Recirculating chiller

(-10 degrees)

Camera

(1 of 2)

Quartz pressure vessel

Piston

Acoustic sensor

First prototypes:

~20 ml active volume

Pressure: 0-150 psi

Temp: -80 to + 40 degrees C

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

A Typical Scattering Event with Am-Be Neutron Source

(bubble expansion ~1 mm/ms)

X Camera

Y Camera

UoM HEP seminar


Can bubble chambers be made stable enough

P. Reinke, Exp. Heat Transf. 10 (1997) 133

Can Bubble Chambers be made stable enough?

SEE ->

Old Bubble Chambers radiation-ready for only few ms at a time (coincident with beam spill)

Gas pockets in surface imperfections and motes can act as inhomogeneous nucleation centers.

A BC dedicated to WIMP searches must remain superheated indefinitely, except for radiation-induced events. Low degree of superheat helps, but is not enough.

Recent progress in neutralization of inhomogeneous nucleation sites (from work unrelated to bubble chambers!). E.g. use of liquid “lid”, outgassing in presence of buffer liquid, cleaning techniques and wetting improvement via vapor deposition.

UoM HEP seminar


Background counting rate at 6 m w e

Background Counting Rate at ~ 6 m.w.e.

  • Mean survival time for superheated state varies due to periodic episodes of nucleation on chamber walls, but is usually ~ 10 minutes.

  • Live time (due to long recompression cycle) is already 62%.

  • Counting rate for “real events” is 4/hour (compatible with measured fast neutron flux in the lab).

  • Intrinsic gamma rejection factor (from absence of excess nucleation rate in presence of Y-88  1.3E6 g interactions / s) is  1E9 ( 14C not a concern even at the multiton level)

Bonner sphere(s) n flux measurement in LASR underground lab

UoM HEP seminar


Background counting rate at 6 m w e1

Background Counting Rate at ~ 6 m.w.e.

  • Mean survival time for superheated state varies due to periodic episodes of nucleation on chamber walls, but is usually ~ 10 minutes.

  • Live time (due to long recompression cycle) is already 62%.

  • Counting rate for “real events” is 4/hour (compatible with measured fast neutron flux in the lab).

  • Intrinsic gamma rejection factor (from absence of excess nucleation rate in presence of Y-88  1.3E6 g interactions / s) is  1E9 ( 14C not a concern even at the multiton level)

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

Well-defined low energy threshold

Sensitivity to < 7 keV recoils demonstrated (while having no response to 3mCi gsource).

In agreement with models.

Sensitivity to ~1 keV recoils in progress (Sb-124/Be source)

Further studies in progress (efficiency, sharpness of threshold, disentanglement of I and F response).

Lines show Seitz model

prediction for top boundary

of data point distribution

(onset of sensitivity

during decompression)

CF3Br data

(CF3I in progress

and looking good)

Detector is insensitive to gammas (see previous

transparency) yet fully responsive to low-E recoils

UoM HEP seminar


Fancy position reconstruction

Fancy: Position Reconstruction

  • Bubble positions can be reconstructed in 3 dimensions by scanning images taken

  • by two cameras offset by 90 degrees.

  • Position resolution is currently 530 microns r.m.s. (approximately 1/4 bubble diameter)

  • Uniform spatial distribution of background events, consistent with background neutrons.

163 background events (1.5 live days)

intermediate step in automatic

inspection algorithm using

NI Vision Development Module

(2 kg chamber)

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

Neutron Background Rejection Potential

  • Multiple simultaneous bubbles are present in

  • ~4% of events in our “background” data set.

  • Neutrons can do this, WIMPs cannot.

  • The response to neutrons and WIMPs interacting

  • mostly via SI is very different for refrigerants

  • containing F only (C3F8) and F+I (CF3I); more favorable situation than Ge/Si to verify a WIMP signal (generally speaking)

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

Meet COUPP

(2 kg CF3I target, installation at 300 m.w.e. (FNAL) Jan. 2005)

  • Central design issue is how to avoid metal contact with superheated liquid.

  • Bellows mechanism compensates pressure inside and outside of inner

  • vessel in present design

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

Meet COUPP

(2 kg CF3I target, installation at 300 m.w.e. (FNAL) Jan. 2005)

  • Central design issue is how to avoid metal contact with superheated liquid.

  • Bellows mechanism compensates pressure inside and outside of inner

  • vessel in present design

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

Meet COUPP

(2 kg CF3I target, installation at 300 m.w.e. (FNAL) Jan. 2005)

  • Central design issue is how to avoid metal contact with superheated liquid.

  • Bellows mechanism compensates pressure inside and outside of inner

  • vessel in present design

triple n-induced nucleations in 2 kg CF3I movie available from

http://cfcp.uchicago.edu/~collar/triple_bubble(0.4s).mov

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

Can be made to operate like a “regular” BC

muon tracks visible at high degrees of superheat

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

COUPP (Chicagoland Observatory for Underground Particle Physics)Where we might be by end of 2005 with 2 kg. Take these with a grain of salt)

~latest CDMS

are these projections overly

cautious? Better safe than sorry

(e.g., alpha backgrounds from Rn

emanation from steel - however only few mBq/m2 expected if some precautions taken - The inner chamber is a closed system to Rn penetration)

UoM HEP seminar


Recirculating chiller 10 degrees

COUPP (Chicagoland Observatory for Underground Particle Physics)Where we might be by end of 2005 with 2 kg. Take these with a grain of salt)

~latest CDMS

are these projections overly

cautious? Better safe than sorry

(e.g., alpha backgrounds from Rn

emanation from steel - however only few mBq/m2 expected if some precautions taken - The inner chamber is a closed system to Rn penetration)

UoM HEP seminar


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