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Supporting Reading Success through Assistive Technology. Assistive Technology Definitions. Definition of Assistive Technology. Assistive technology device

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Supporting reading success through assistive technology

Supporting Reading SuccessthroughAssistive Technology

Georgia Department of Education

Division for Special Education Supports

Georgia Project for Assistive Technology

1870 Twin Towers East

Atlanta, Georgia 30334


Assistive Technology Definitions

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Definition of assistive technology
Definition of Assistive Technology

Assistive technology device

  • Any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities.

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Definition of assistive technology1
Definition of Assistive Technology

Assistive technology device

  • EXCEPTION. The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of such device.

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Definition of assistive technology2
Definition of Assistive Technology

Assistive technology devices for reading include a range of tools ranging from easy to complex and inexpensive to expensive that are used to support :

  • phonemic awareness

  • phonics

  • vocabulary

  • comprehension

  • fluency

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Definition of assistive technology3
Definition of Assistive Technology

  • Assistive technology for reading is used to:

    • Remediate deficits

    • Compensate for deficits

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Remediation of deficit areas
Remediation of Deficit Areas

  • Strategies and skill based instruction is needed to improve deficits areas.

  • Assistive technology can play a role in remediating skills.

    • For example, for a deficit in decoding skills, use of a phonics program which utilizes multiple learning avenues, along with teaching strategies, can assist the student with improving his phoneme identification.

    • AT use can help compensate for the deficits while skills are improving.

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Remediation tools
Remediation Tools

  • A range of assistive tools used by students to build skills in target reading skill areas

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Remediation tools1
Remediation Tools

  • Earobics(Cognitive Concepts)

    • Systematically teaches critical phonological awareness, listening, and phonics skills required for learning to read and spell

    • Adapts level of instruction to student’s skill level

    • Several levels available:

      • Earobics Step I (Ages 4-7)

      • Earobics Step 2 (Ages 7-10)

      • Earobics 1 for Adolescents and Adults (10 years and older)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Remediation tools2
Remediation tools

  • Simon Sounds It Out (Don Johnston)

    • Assists students in learning familiar sounds and word families

    • Assists students in developing core word attack skills

    • Increases recall of hundreds of high frequency words

    • Provides repetitive practice in making words with onsets and rhymes

    • Two stages available

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Remediation tools3
Remediation Tools

  • Wordmaker(Don Johnston)

    • A phonics, phonemic awareness, and spelling program

      • Based on the Four Blocks Literacy Model

      • Students learn to manipulate letters to create words and then sort words into rhymes which they then use to decode and spell new words

      • Assist students in improving phonics, rhyming, blending, and chunking skills

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Remediation tools4
Remediation Tools

  • Assistance for finding remediation technology

    • Media Specialist

    • Technology Specialist

    • Content Specialist

    • Fellow Educators

    • Educational Technology Training Centers

    • Georgia Learning Resources System

    • Georgia Project for Assistive Technology

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensation of deficit areas
Compensation of Deficit Areas

  • Generally, assistive technology serves to compensate for deficit areas by enhancing access to and success in completing instructional tasks that require reading and comprehension.

    • For example, a voice output word reading program will compensate for difficulties in decoding, word recognition, and vocabulary. It will not directly remediate reading difficulties.

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Examples of

Frequently Used Tools

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools
Compensatory Tools

  • Positioning Aids

    • Allows for optimal positioning of text

      • Notebooks

      • PortaBook Stand (Onion Mountain Technology)

      • Slant Boards (Pocketful of Therapy)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools1
Compensatory Tools

  • Tracking Aids

    • Enables students with visual tracking difficulties to maintain their place in the text

      • Reading Window (Teacher Made)

      • Bar Magnifier (Independent Living Aids)

      • EZC Reader (Really Good Stuff)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools2
Compensatory Tools

  • Contrast Aids

    • Alters the foreground-background contrast to promote visual access to text

      • Highlighters

      • Highlighting Tape

      • Acetate Report Covers

      • Color Overlays (National Reading Styles Institute or Onion Mountain Technology )

      • E.Z. Reader (Really Good Stuff)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools3
Compensatory Tools

  • Word Identification Aids

    • Offers portable solution for reading difficult words

      • Electronic Dictionaries (Franklin Electronic Publishers)

      • Reading Pens (Wizcom)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools4
Compensatory Tools

  • Magnification Aids

    • Allows for controlled enlargement of text to magnification level needed

      • Closed Circuit Television Systems

      • Binocular and Monocular telescope

      • Hand held or Stand Magnifiers

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools5
Compensatory Tools

  • Alternate Format Books

    • Provides access to text in an optimal format

      • Large Type Books

      • Braille

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools6
Compensatory Tools

  • Alternate Format books –

    • Symbolized Text

      Supplements printed text with picture symbols for beginning readers

      • Writing With Symbols (Mayer Johnson)

      • Clicker 4 (Crick Software)

      • PixWriter (Slater Software)

      • IntelliTalk 3 (IntelliTools)

        • News 2 You weekly newspaper

          www.news-2-you.com

        • Weekly Reader: AbleNet Edition

          http://www.ablenetinc.com/weeklyreader/

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools7
Compensatory Tools

  • Alternate Format Books

    • Audio-books

      Highly portable reading solution that provides access to printed materials in an auditory format

      • Books-on-Tape (Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic)

      • Literary Books from the Library of Congress

      • Commercially available audio-books

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools8
Compensatory Tools

  • Alternate Format Books

    • Computer Books

      Books for older struggling readers who need age appropriate topics with reduced vocabulary and language complexities (considerate text) and other supports for comprehension.

      • Start to Finish Literacy Starters (Don Johnston)

      • Start to Finish Literacy (Don Johnston)

      • Start to Finish Core Content (Don Johnston)

      • Thinking Reader (Tom Snyder)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools9
Compensatory Tools

  • Alternate Format Books

    • E-Text

      Electronic versions of books that can be visually displayed.

      E-text can be found on line at various websites. Some sites provide free access and others are commercial sites that require purchase.

      Please refer to GPAT’s http://www.gutenberg.org/

      website for a list of http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/

      E-text websites.

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools10
Compensatory Tools

  • Text Readers

    • A variety of programs that can be used to read text on the computer display. They convert text to speech via speech synthesizer software.

    • Many commercially available options at relatively low cost.

      • Cast eReader (Don Johnston)

      • Write OutLoud (Don Johnston)

    • Some can be downloaded from the Internet

      • ReadPlease(www.readplease.com)

      • E-Text Reader (www. readingmadeez.com)

  • Please refer to GPAT’s website for a listing of free Text readers

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools11
Compensatory Tools

  • Advanced Reading Aids

    • Provides auditory reading support as well as visual enhancement features.

    • Some aids offer study aids as well as writing support.

    • Kurzweil 3000 (Kurzweil Educational Systems)

    • WYNN (Freedom Scientific)

    • Read & Write Gold (Text Help)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools12
Compensatory Tools

  • Text enlargement technology

    • Allows for controlled enlargement of text to magnification level needed

      • Computer-based software applications

        • ZoomText

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Compensatory tools13
Compensatory Tools

  • Screen Readers

    • Will read anything on the computer screen.

      • JAWS (Freedom Scientific)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Determining the Right Tool(s)

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Determining the optimal tool s
Determining The Optimal Tool(s)

  • Student abilities and needs

  • Required tasks

  • Available supports

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Benefits of Assistive Technology

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Benefits of reading aids
Benefits of Reading Aids

  • Productivity

  • Independence

  • Achievement

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Things to keep in mind
Things to Keep in Mind

  • Technology is no substitute for good instruction

  • Technology should be used in conjunction with other available supports

  • Technology use should be monitored and changes made as needed

Georgia Department of Education

Kathy Cox, State Superintendent of Schools


Chris swaim cswaim@doe k12 ga us 770 704 7645

Contact Information

Chris [email protected]

Georgia Department of Education

Division for Special Education Supports

Georgia Project for Assistive Technology

1870 Twin Towers East

Atlanta, Georgia 30334


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