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Verso un curriculum plurilingue: Ancient vs Modern languages. ENGLISH vs LATIN. "VENI, VIDI, VICI!" I came, I saw, I conquered!. Julius Caesar, (102 B.C. - 44B.C .). Today, you will conquer vocabulary!. Description:

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Verso un curriculum plurilingue: Ancient vs Modern languages

ENGLISH vs LATIN

"VENI, VIDI, VICI!"

I came, I saw, I conquered!

Julius Caesar, (102 B.C. - 44B.C.)

Today, you will conquer vocabulary!

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Description:

Englishprefixes, suffixes, and roots are shown in relationship to the Latin language and how current English words can be analyzed for meaning.

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VERSO UN CURRICULUM PLURILINGUE: CLASSICAL vs MODERN LANGUAGES
  • Lesson Plan Title:LATIN vs ENGLISH!
  • Target group:Secondary school – age 15-16
  • Level B1 of the Common European Framework
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General aims:
  • To help students:
  • develop a plurilingual setting in the classroom
  • develop a deeper understanding of Word-formation
  • develop lexical competence, grammatical competence, phonological competence
  • develop a Plurilingual Attitude melting classical and modern languages, es. LATIN+ENGLISH
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Specific aims:
  • to help students develop the following skills:
  • Recognising words and phrases in English related to ancient Latin origins
  • Using one’s own knowledge of Latin language to interpret and decipher new English words
  • Deducing the meaning and use of unknown words, detecting their prefixes/ affixes/ suffixes/ root words
  • Understanding the meaning and implications of prefixes/ affixes/suffixes/root words
  • Connecting this information to the other written and oral skills in order to engage the students in more confident interactions
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Materials:
  • Power point presentation of the activities
  • Authentic reading texts
  • Photocopies
  • Pictures/ Students’ drawings
  • Internet connections/ Internet sites
old old i ve been told has some value worthy of gold
“Old, old, I’ve been told, has some value, worthy of gold!”

Now, let’s see the gifts of the ancient world and find out how their gifts have influenced us.

do you know what it is
Do you know what it is?

It relates to Communication.

It’s Latin

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Latin helps us understand words.

Latin helps us understand English, Spanish & French grammars.

Literature, Medicine, & Law, all use Latinwords.

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By the end of this lesson we should be able to:break words into elements,analyze the parts, guess themeaningof the words.
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This lesson will cover:Learning English word-elements such as affixes, prefixes, suffixes, and roots. Learning what these word elements mean. Learning how to break words into elements.④Learning how to decipher word elements to understand the meaning of the word.⑤ Learning how to apply this procedure tounderstand new words

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do you know the definition of:

-ROOT WORD

-AFFIX

-PREFIX

-SUFFIX ?

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Affix:A word element, such as a prefix or suffix, that can only occur attached to a base, stem, or root.Prefix: A word element that is attached to the front of a root. Suffix:A word element that is attached to the end of the root.

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Both Prefixes and Suffixes: -Usually cannot stand alone as a word. -Give new meaning to the root to which they are attached to. Root: A word element that can sometimes stand alone as a word and the meaning is altered by a prefix and/or suffix.

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Examples for a root word:Ex. We have a mission to do well on our vocabulary Test! The Latin root miss means “to send”.All the words below relate to the word send.

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EXERCISE:

Match the words to the definitions

1.Commissioner (n.); 2.Admissible (adj.); 3.submissive (adj.) 4.missionary (n);

5.missile (n.) 6.missive (n).

___ a rocket or weapon sent through the air.

___ a person sent for a special task, usually religious.

___ a message sent through the mail.

___ yielding; obedient.

___ a person sent to meet with others to plan & make official decisions.

___ to allow to authorize

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Example Answers:

How did you do on matching the words with the meanings?

1.Commissioner (n.); 2.Admissible (adj.); 3.submissive (adj.) 4.missionary (n);

5.missile (n.) 6.missive (n).

_5_ a rocket or weapon sent through the air.

_4_ a person sent for a special task, usually religious.

_6_ a message sent through the mail.

_3_ yielding; obedient.

_2_ a person sent to meet with others

to plan & make official decisions.

_1_ to allow to authorize

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: The Latin prefix bene means “good, well”.See how this prefix changesthe meaning of the root words to relate to something good or well. 1.Benefactor(n.)= Someone who does good things 2.Beneficial (adj.)= Something good 3.Benefit (n or v)= A worthwhile event or being helped

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The Latin prefix mal means “bad” and mis means “wrong”.

  • See how these prefixes change the meaning of the root words to relate to something bad or wrong.
  • Malefactor (n.) = a criminal
  • 2.Malicious (adj.)= evil
  • 3.Misfit (n)=Someone who does
  • not fit in.
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Examples for Suffixes: suffixes change the meanings of the words.Here are some examples:“ous”/”oso” gives the meaning of being full of 1. joyous 2. marvellous 3. furious

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Prefix: PRENATAL

Root: PRENATAL

Suffix: PRENATAL

How does Latin relate to any of these items?

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Laetus natalis, tibi.

Laetus natalis, tibi.

Laetus natalis, care

Laetus natalis, tibi.

Now, let’s analyze the word natalis

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What is the root?

What do you think it means?

“Natalis” means birthdayin Latin.

Nat is the Latin root and it means “birth”.

Question: Does “nat” fit the definition of a “root”?”.

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Let’s put some elements together and see what we have. Add the prefix “pre” meaning “before” to “nat”. Now add the suffix “al” meaning “relating to” to “nat”.What is the new word? Pre + nat + al (Prenatal) What does it mean? It means “before birth”.

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Here’s a new one: Add the prefix “neo” meaning “new” to “nat”.neo + natThe actual spelling of the word is neonate. And it means new birth such as a newborn!

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Now let’s add the suffix “ive”, meaning “directed towards” to the root “nat”.Nat + ive1)Write down your prediction of the definition of this word. 2)Now look “native” up in the dictionary & write the definition. Were you correct? ? ?

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Now investigate these new words :INNATE, NATALITY, NATUROPATHYTENACIOUS, SUPERFLUOUSREMEMBER:Prefix: in = notSuffixes: al = relating toity = state ofpathy = to experience, sufferDecode the meanings by connecting the definitions of the prefixes and suffixes to the root word. Then analyze in what way the meaning has changed.

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How close did you come in your predictions?Write down your predictions of what each word means or relates to.Explain your reasoning. Look up the words in the dictionary and write down the definition of each

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You have learned how to predict what familiar/unfamiliar words mean by applying the definitions of affixes. You’ve entered the exciting world of word discovery and higher understanding of literature. Now you’re a great English Latin thinker!

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References:-The Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, 1976, G.&M. Merriam Co.-Pennock, R.T., Tower of Babel: The Evidence Against the New Creationism, MIT Press, Cambridge MA, USA, 1999.-Walshe, M.O.C., A Concise German Etymological Dictionary, Routledge & Kegan, London, 2003.

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