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ID, EGO, SUPEREGO. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). Austrian born, founded the discipline of psychoanalysis Freud hypothesized that we have several psychic structures that make up the personality and clash with one another. These structures are the Id, ego, and superego. ID.

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Sigmund freud 1856 1939
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

  • Austrian born, founded the discipline of psychoanalysis

  • Freud hypothesized that we have several psychic structures that make up the personality and clash with one another.

  • These structures are the Id, ego, and superego.


ID

  • Present at birth, represents our instinctual drives such as hunger, sex and aggression

  • Operates on the pleasure principle, I want it now and who cares what the consequences are.


Superego
SUPEREGO

  • It is the moral branch of the mind and operates according to what is ideal morally.

  • Contrasts with the id.

  • Functions according to the moral principle – strives for perfection and arises from parental & societal moral teachings.


EGO

  • The second system to develop after the id and before the superego.

  • A strong ego is essential to healthy functioning.

  • Moderates the wishes and desires of the id and superego to keep the person from being too self-indulgent or too morally restrained.

  • Reality principle – it devises ways to achieve appropriate goals, obtain energy for activities from the id, and keep the person in harmony with the environment.


Lord of the flies
Lord of the Flies

  • Which characters from the book can represent the different structures of the personality?

    • ID?

    • EGO?

    • SUPEREGO?

      Give reasons from the book to support your answers!


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