New England Colonies. Objectives. Discuss why the Pilgrims left England and why they signed the Mayflower Compact. Summarize the government and society in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Explain why Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire were founded.
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New England Colonies
Terms and People
John Winthrop − leader who, in 1630, led a large group of Puritans to America, settling first in present-day Boston
Roger Williams − religious dissenter who criticized Puritans’ Indian policy and was banned from Massachusetts Bay Colony
Anne Hutchinson − religious dissenter who was banned from Massachusetts Bay Colony
Pequot War − begun in 1636, battle between Indians and Puritans over Puritan expansions of land and control of trade
Terms and People(continued)
King Philip’s War− 1675 Indian uprising that included many Indian villages in Massachusetts Bay Colony
Metacom− Indian leader also called King Philip by colonists
Terms and People(continued)
What were the goals of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies?
Beginning in 1620, English Puritans settled land in present-day New England. They sought religious freedom.
The climate and landscapes of these northern colonies were very different from the southern colonies.
In England, dissenters known as Puritans disagreed with the established church and . . .
Separatists sought to practice these principles in their own separate churches.
The Pilgrims, the first Puritan emigrants to North America, crossed the Atlantic in 1620 to found the Plymouth Colony on Massachusetts Bay.
Before landing, they signed theMayflower Compact,an agreement to form a government and obey its laws.
The idea of self-government became strong in the English colonies.
Puritan colonies spread to present-day Maine, New Hampshire, and Connecticut.
Puritan intolerance led to the formation of new colonies.
Anne Hutchinson actively expressed religious ideas different from Puritan views.
Her ideas were declared heresy by Boston leaders.
She followed Roger Williams to Rhode Island. Later she moved to New Netherland and was killed in an Indian attack.
Anne Hutchinson on trial
When children sickened or cattle died, the Puritan authorities accused innocent people of participating in evil magic.
In 1692, colonists in Salem, Massachusetts, tried, convicted, and executed 19 people for being witches. Most of the people convicted and executed were women.
The witchcraft mania ended shortly after the trials in Salem.
Religious intolerance reached its peak at the Salem Witch Trials.
The Puritan expansion into Indian lands led to conflict.
In 1638, the Pequots were defeated. The Treaty of Hartford gave the English all Pequot lands. The remaining Pequots were mandated to live among other Indian groups.
Puritans attack and burn a Pequot village.
After the Pequot War, colonists pressured Indians to move into Indian praying townsrun by Christian missionaries.
The goal was to convert Indians to Christianity.
Puritan-Indian tensions erupted into King Philip’s War.
Defeated and refugee Indians sought revenge by raiding the New England frontier and fought with the French in their struggle against the English to dominate North America.