URL : http://www.cslu.ogi.edu/~sproatr/Courses /AAC/. CS506/606: Seminar on Speech and Language Processing for Augmentative and Alternative Communication Spring 2010 Symbol Systems & Even More Symbol Systems. The papers….
CS506/606: Seminar on Speech and Language Processing for Augmentative and Alternative CommunicationSpring 2010Symbol Systems & Even More Symbol Systems
“Essentially, all that is required to convert a spoken model into an aided AAC model is to use natural speech while pointing toand labeling key graphic symbols on the AAC device (e.g., the child points to the symbol MILK, then the adult says More milk while pointing to MOREand MILK).”
Children with 22q11.2 have a specific profile in neuropsychological tests. They usually have a borderline normal IQ with most individuals having higher scores in the verbal than the nonverbal domains. Cognitive functioning when processing information involving space and time usually shows significant impairment and this generally slows the development of numerical and arithmetical knowledge and skills.
Noteworthy is that these patients are a specifically high-risk group for developing schizophrenia. 30% have at least one incident of psychosis and about a quarter develop actual schizophrenia.
Individuals with PWS are at risk of learning and attention difficulties. Curfs and Frym (1992) conducted research into the varying degrees of learning disability found in PraderWilli Syndrome (PWS). Their results were as follows:
* 5%: IQ above 85 (average to low average intelligence)
* 27%: IQ 70 – 85 (borderline intellectual functioning)
* 39%: IQ 50 – 70 (mild intellectual disability)
* 27%: IQ 35 – 50 (moderate intellectual disability)
* 1%: IQ 20 – 35 (severe intellectual disability)
* <1%: IQ <20 (profound intellectual disability)
Since, however, it is inherently impossible in a society based on speech to indicate truly the method of communication of Second Foundationers among themselves, the whole matter will be hereafter ignored. The First Speaker will be represented as speaking in ordinary fashion, and if the translation is not always entirely valid, it is at least the best that can be done under the circumstances.
It will be pretended therefore, that the First Speaker did actually say, "First, I must tell you why you are here," instead of smiling just so and lifting a finger exactly thus.
It is hard to
in a graphical