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Day 2 Power Point. Focus Activity. Causes . Excerpt from May 7 1919 Count Brockdorff-Rantzau, leader of German delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference:

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Day 2 Power Point

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Day 2 power point

Day 2 Power Point


Focus activity

Focus Activity


Causes

Causes

Excerpt from May 7 1919 Count Brockdorff-Rantzau, leader of German delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference:

No one would want to assert that the disaster began only at that disastrous moment when the successor of Austria-Hungary fell a victim to murderous hands. In the last fifty years, the imperialism of all European states has chronically poisoned international relations. Policies of retaliation, policies of expansion, and disregard for the right of peoples to determine their own destiny, have contributed to the European malady which cam to crisis in the World War… and placed the issue in the hands of the military…


Causes of the first world war

Causes of the First World War

  • Alliances

    • Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy

    • Triple Entente: France, Russia and Great Britain


Causes of the first world war1

Causes of the First World War

  • Imperialism

    • Spheres of Influence

    • Berlin Conference and the “Scramble for Africa”

The Rhodes Colossus


Causes of the first world war2

Causes of the First World War

  • Nationalism

    • Definition?

    • Unifications (Italy, Germany)

    • Self-determination and Ethnic Struggles (e.g. Serbia and Austria-Hungary)

    • Irredentism

      • Italy – Trieste, Istria and Gorizia

      • France – Alsace-Lorraine


Causes of the first world war3

Causes of the First World War

  • Militarism

    • Massive military buildup in the late 19th and early 20th centuries

    • Impact of industrialization

    • Nervous, tense environment (Invasion Novels The Riddle of the Sands by Erskine Childers)


Militarism per capita expenditures on armaments

Militarism – Per Capita Expenditures on Armaments


Immediate cause

Immediate Cause

  • Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and wife Sophie

    • Heir to the Austrian Imperial throne

    • Murdered by Gavrilo Princip

      • 19-year-old member of Black Hand

      • Serbian

    • Sarajevo, Bosnia (recently annexed by A-H)

    • St. Vitus Day (June 28, 1914)

      • Commemorates 1389 Battle of Kosovo

  • Austria blames Serbia; sends ultimatum


Immediate cause1

Immediate Cause

  • Balkans – “powder keg of Europe”

Gavrilo Princip

Archduke Franz

Ferdinand

Who’s who?


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