Civil rights movement
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Civil Rights Movement. Strategies & Protesting. Making Their Mark. Southern Leadership Christian Conference (SCLC) Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP National Urban League Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

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Civil rights movement

Civil Rights Movement

Strategies

& Protesting


Making their mark

Making Their Mark

  • Southern Leadership Christian Conference (SCLC)

  • Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP

  • National Urban League

  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)


Sit ins

Sit-Ins

  • Sit-in: invented in 1943 by CORE to desegregate the Jack Spratt Coffee House in Chicago.

  • They sat down at segregated lunch counters or other public places, if they were refused service they simply stayed put.

3 SNCC Members hold a sit-in at

A Mississippi Lunch Counter in May

1963, the crowd reacts.


Freedom rides

Freedom Rides

  • After the boycott in Montgomery the Supreme Court expanded its ban on segregated interstate buses

  • CORE & SNCC members organized a tactic to test if bus companies were complying (Freedom Rides)

  • Anniston, Alabama a group of white men attacked a busload of freedom riders.

They tossed a fire bomb

into the bus and beat the fleeing

activist

Local hospitals refused to treat the

injured.

The nation & the justice dept. were

horrified.


Nonviolent opposition

Nonviolent Opposition

  • Albany Movement: a year long campaign of protest marches.

  • Seen as a failure to some but people persisted on.

  • Local police chief used King’s tactics of nonviolence against the movement

Protesters were jailed and a

pregnant woman was severely

beaten

The local govt. saw there defiance

of federal laws as the lands last

stand against desegregation


Integration at ole miss

Integration at “Ole Miss”

  • Sept. of 1962, James Meredith attempted to enroll at “Ole Miss”

  • Governor refused his admittance

  • This issue became a standoff between the Governor & the State Dept.

A violent confrontation between

Students and deputies developed

and 160 deputies were injured

28 by gunfire over the next year.


Emitt till case

Emitt Till Case

  • In the summer and fall of 1955 a 14 year old African American teenager was visiting with his family in the South. He whistled at a white woman on the street. Early in the morning of August 28, 1955 Emmett Till, was kidnapped and brutally murdered in Mississippi. The eventual trial and acquittal of the accused murderers set shockwaves through the nation to the realities of life in the South for African Americans


Birmingham 1963

Birmingham 1963

  • In the spring of 1963 protest were taking place in Birmingham

  • King and other activist had already been jailed

  • The nation and the world would come to see the violence associated with desegregation in the south first hand

Peaceful protesters being

attacked by fire hoses, police

dogs, and batons


Mississippi burning

Mississippi Burning

  • In 1964 3 members of CORE went down to Mississippi to help out in the civil rights movement. They disappeared one night after being released from jail. Their burnt out car was found 2 days after their disappearance.

James Chaney. Michael Schwerner

and Andrew Goodman were missing

for six weeks before their bodies

were found.


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