The story of the U.S. Constitution
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The story of the U.S. Constitution. Liberty Tree. Continental Congress. Articles of Confederation. Town Hall Meetings. House of Burgesses. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Mayflower Compact. English Bill of Rights. Magna Carta. Liberty Tree. U.S. Constitution. Structure and Function.

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The story of the U.S. Constitution

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The story of the u s constitution

The story of the U.S. Constitution

Liberty Tree


The story of the u s constitution

Continental Congress

Articles of Confederation

Town Hall Meetings

House of Burgesses

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Mayflower Compact

English Bill of Rights

Magna Carta

Liberty Tree

U.S. Constitution


The story of the u s constitution

Structure and Function

At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates created a new plan for the U.S. government that focused on two things.


The story of the u s constitution

Structureis the framework of our government.

Structure


The story of the u s constitution

What do you notice about the structure of a tree?

structure

limbs

branches

leaves

tree bark

root system


The story of the u s constitution

Legislative

Executive

Judicial

The government structure has three branches.

three


The story of the u s constitution

Legislative Branch:

Structure

Structure

  • Senate

    • 2 per state

    • 6-year terms

  • House of Representatives

    • based on population

    • 2-year terms

  • Bicameral = made of two houses

    Elected by the people


    The story of the u s constitution

    Executive Branch:Structure

    Structure

    • President (4-year term)

    • Vice-President

    • Cabinet Members

    • Appointees


    The story of the u s constitution

    Executive Branch:Structure

    Structure

    President

    Secretary of State

    Vice-President

    Joe Biden

    Barak Obama

    Hillary Clinton


    The story of the u s constitution

    Judicial Branch:

    Structure

    Structure

    • U. S. Supreme Court (life-terms)

    • District Courts (appointed)

    • County and Local Courts (elected)


    The story of the u s constitution

    What is the function of a tree?

    function

    home for some animals

    providesshade

    holdssoilinplace


    The story of the u s constitution

    The preamble to the Constitution tells the function or WHAT the government does for the people.

    • ensure domestic tranquility

    • provide for the common defense

    • promote the general welfare

    • establish justice

    • secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity


    The story of the u s constitution

    Legislative Branch:

    Function

    • Makes laws

    Idea may become a bill (proposed law) in House of Representatives or Senate

    People discuss ideas and tell representatives in Congress

    Bill becomes a law if approved by both houses and signed by the President

    U.S. Congress

    • Electedbythepeople


    The story of the u s constitution

    • Ensures that the laws are carried out

    • Elected by the people and electoral college system

    Executive Branch:Function

    The White House


    The story of the u s constitution

    Judicial Branch:

    Function

    • Interpretsthe laws (decides if laws are fair)

    • Tries civil and criminal cases in lower courts

    • Nine justices on U.S. Supreme Court

    • AppointedbyPresidentandapprovedbyCongress

    Supreme Court


    The story of the u s constitution

    Supreme Court

    Congress

    President

    Each branch checks and balances the other branches.

    =

    =


    The story of the u s constitution

    Checks and Balances

    Judicial branch can declare a law unconstitutional

    Legislative branch can override presidential veto with a 2/3 vote

    Legislative branch makes laws

    Legislative branch can remove judges from office

    Executive branch can veto law


    The story of the u s constitution

    Executive branch appoints Supreme Court justices

    Legislativebranch hastoapprovetheappointmentofthejustices


    The story of the u s constitution

    Legislative branch can remove president from office

    House of Representatives brings charges against the President (impeach)

    Senate holds a trial and 2/3 vote needed to remove President from office


    The story of the u s constitution

    The U.S. Constitution has sevenarticles that explain the structure and function of the government.


    The story of the u s constitution

    Article 1: Legislative Branch

    Article 2: Executive Branch

    Article 3: Judicial Branch

    Article 4: Relations Among States

    Article 5: Amending the Constitution

    Article 6: National Supremacy

    Article 7: Ratification


    The story of the u s constitution

    The structure and function of our government are based on five basic principles.


    The story of the u s constitution

    Federalism

    Checks and balances

    Popular sovereignty

    Separation of powers

    Limited government

    Indivivual Rights

    Five Basic Principles of the Constitution

    Republicanism


    The story of the u s constitution

    “Popular” means people..

    “Sovereignty”comes from “sovereign” which means ruler.

    Popular sovereignty =people choose


    The story of the u s constitution

    =

    =

    Separation of powersdivides the operation of government into three equal branches.


    The story of the u s constitution

    Each branch of the government checks and balances, or monitors, the power of the other two branches.


    The story of the u s constitution

    Since King George III had unlimited power, the writers of the U.S. Constitution wanted “we the people” to put limits on the government.

    The Constitution outlined exactly what the government could do.


    The story of the u s constitution

    Federalism is the division and sharing of powers between the state and national government.

    • State Powers

    • maintain schools

    • conduct elections

    • provide public safety

    • regulate trade in state

    • National Powers

    • maintain armed forces

    • coin money

    • declare war

    • make foreign policy


    The story of the u s constitution

    • Powers Shared by National and State Governments

    • raise taxes

    • administer criminal justice

    • provide for public welfare

    • charter banks

    • borrow money


    Republicanism

    Republicanism

    • A nation where the people elect representatives to make laws for them.


    Individual rights

    Individual Rights

    • Personal freedoms protected from the government. Example: Bill of Rights – Freedom of Religion, Right to Bear Arms, etc.


    The story of the u s constitution

    Rooted in these five principles, the U.S. Constitution has endured since 1787.

    This living document protects the rights of the individuals by limiting the power of the government.


    The story of the u s constitution

    Visual Metaphor:

    How is the U.S. government like a tricycle?

    Handle bars =Constitution

    Platform =Separation of powers


    The story of the u s constitution

    Label the parts of the tricycle with these other words.

    The People

    Executive Branch

    Legislative Branch

    Judicial Branch

    President

    Congress

    Supreme Court

    Checks and Balances


    The story of the u s constitution

    The Tree

    of Liberty

    The foundation of our government and the supreme law of the land


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