The story of the U.S. Constitution. Liberty Tree. Continental Congress. Articles of Confederation. Town Hall Meetings. House of Burgesses. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Mayflower Compact. English Bill of Rights. Magna Carta. Liberty Tree. U.S. Constitution. Structure and Function.
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The story of the U.S. Constitution
Articles of Confederation
Town Hall Meetings
House of Burgesses
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
English Bill of Rights
Structure and Function
At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates created a new plan for the U.S. government that focused on two things.
Structureis the framework of our government.
What do you notice about the structure of a tree?
The government structure has three branches.
Bicameral = made of two houses
Elected by the people
Secretary of State
What is the function of a tree?
home for some animals
The preamble to the Constitution tells the function or WHAT the government does for the people.
Idea may become a bill (proposed law) in House of Representatives or Senate
People discuss ideas and tell representatives in Congress
Bill becomes a law if approved by both houses and signed by the President
The White House
Each branch checks and balances the other branches.
Checks and Balances
Judicial branch can declare a law unconstitutional
Legislative branch can override presidential veto with a 2/3 vote
Legislative branch makes laws
Legislative branch can remove judges from office
Executive branch can veto law
Executive branch appoints Supreme Court justices
Legislative branch can remove president from office
House of Representatives brings charges against the President (impeach)
Senate holds a trial and 2/3 vote needed to remove President from office
The U.S. Constitution has sevenarticles that explain the structure and function of the government.
Article 1: Legislative Branch
Article 2: Executive Branch
Article 3: Judicial Branch
Article 4: Relations Among States
Article 5: Amending the Constitution
Article 6: National Supremacy
Article 7: Ratification
The structure and function of our government are based on five basic principles.
Checks and balances
Separation of powers
Five Basic Principles of the Constitution
“Popular” means people..
“Sovereignty”comes from “sovereign” which means ruler.
Popular sovereignty =people choose
Separation of powersdivides the operation of government into three equal branches.
Each branch of the government checks and balances, or monitors, the power of the other two branches.
Since King George III had unlimited power, the writers of the U.S. Constitution wanted “we the people” to put limits on the government.
The Constitution outlined exactly what the government could do.
Federalism is the division and sharing of powers between the state and national government.
Rooted in these five principles, the U.S. Constitution has endured since 1787.
This living document protects the rights of the individuals by limiting the power of the government.
How is the U.S. government like a tricycle?
Handle bars =Constitution
Platform =Separation of powers
Label the parts of the tricycle with these other words.
Checks and Balances
The foundation of our government and the supreme law of the land