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The story of the U.S. Constitution

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The story of the U.S. Constitution. Liberty Tree. Continental Congress. Articles of Confederation. Town Hall Meetings. House of Burgesses. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Mayflower Compact. English Bill of Rights. Magna Carta. Liberty Tree. U.S. Constitution. Structure and Function.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Continental Congress

Articles of Confederation

Town Hall Meetings

House of Burgesses

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Mayflower Compact

English Bill of Rights

Magna Carta

Liberty Tree

U.S. Constitution

slide3

Structure and Function

At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates created a new plan for the U.S. government that focused on two things.

slide5

What do you notice about the structure of a tree?

structure

limbs

branches

leaves

tree bark

root system

slide6

Legislative

Executive

Judicial

The government structure has three branches.

three

slide7

Legislative Branch:

Structure

Structure

  • Senate
      • 2 per state
      • 6-year terms
  • House of Representatives
      • based on population
      • 2-year terms

Bicameral = made of two houses

Elected by the people

slide8

Executive Branch:Structure

Structure

  • President (4-year term)
  • Vice-President
  • Cabinet Members
  • Appointees
slide9

Executive Branch:Structure

Structure

President

Secretary of State

Vice-President

Joe Biden

Barak Obama

Hillary Clinton

slide10

Judicial Branch:

Structure

Structure

  • U. S. Supreme Court (life-terms)
  • District Courts (appointed)
  • County and Local Courts (elected)
slide11

What is the function of a tree?

function

home for some animals

providesshade

holdssoilinplace

slide12

The preamble to the Constitution tells the function or WHAT the government does for the people.

  • ensure domestic tranquility
  • provide for the common defense
  • promote the general welfare
  • establish justice
  • secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves, and our posterity
slide13

Legislative Branch:

Function

  • Makes laws

Idea may become a bill (proposed law) in House of Representatives or Senate

People discuss ideas and tell representatives in Congress

Bill becomes a law if approved by both houses and signed by the President

U.S. Congress

  • Electedbythepeople
slide14

Ensures that the laws are carried out

  • Elected by the people and electoral college system

Executive Branch:Function

The White House

slide15

Judicial Branch:

Function

  • Interpretsthe laws (decides if laws are fair)
  • Tries civil and criminal cases in lower courts
  • Nine justices on U.S. Supreme Court
  • AppointedbyPresidentandapprovedbyCongress

Supreme Court

slide16

Supreme Court

Congress

President

Each branch checks and balances the other branches.

=

=

slide17

Checks and Balances

Judicial branch can declare a law unconstitutional

Legislative branch can override presidential veto with a 2/3 vote

Legislative branch makes laws

Legislative branch can remove judges from office

Executive branch can veto law

slide18

Executive branch appoints Supreme Court justices

Legislativebranch hastoapprovetheappointmentofthejustices

slide19

Legislative branch can remove president from office

House of Representatives brings charges against the President (impeach)

Senate holds a trial and 2/3 vote needed to remove President from office

slide20

The U.S. Constitution has sevenarticles that explain the structure and function of the government.

slide21

Article 1: Legislative Branch

Article 2: Executive Branch

Article 3: Judicial Branch

Article 4: Relations Among States

Article 5: Amending the Constitution

Article 6: National Supremacy

Article 7: Ratification

slide23

Federalism

Checks and balances

Popular sovereignty

Separation of powers

Limited government

Indivivual Rights

Five Basic Principles of the Constitution

Republicanism

slide24

“Popular” means people..

“Sovereignty”comes from “sovereign” which means ruler.

Popular sovereignty =people choose

slide25

=

=

Separation of powersdivides the operation of government into three equal branches.

slide26

Each branch of the government checks and balances, or monitors, the power of the other two branches.

slide27

Since King George III had unlimited power, the writers of the U.S. Constitution wanted “we the people” to put limits on the government.

The Constitution outlined exactly what the government could do.

slide28

Federalism is the division and sharing of powers between the state and national government.

  • State Powers
  • maintain schools
  • conduct elections
  • provide public safety
  • regulate trade in state
  • National Powers
  • maintain armed forces
  • coin money
  • declare war
  • make foreign policy
slide29

Powers Shared by National and State Governments

  • raise taxes
  • administer criminal justice
  • provide for public welfare
  • charter banks
  • borrow money
republicanism
Republicanism
  • A nation where the people elect representatives to make laws for them.
individual rights
Individual Rights
  • Personal freedoms protected from the government. Example: Bill of Rights – Freedom of Religion, Right to Bear Arms, etc.
slide32

Rooted in these five principles, the U.S. Constitution has endured since 1787.

This living document protects the rights of the individuals by limiting the power of the government.

slide33

Visual Metaphor:

How is the U.S. government like a tricycle?

Handle bars =Constitution

Platform =Separation of powers

slide34

Label the parts of the tricycle with these other words.

The People

Executive Branch

Legislative Branch

Judicial Branch

President

Congress

Supreme Court

Checks and Balances

slide35

The Tree

of Liberty

The foundation of our government and the supreme law of the land

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