Scratch your brain novel ways to interest students in critical thinking
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Scratch Your Brain: Novel Ways to Interest Students in Critical Thinking. Objectives. Briefly discuss definitions of “critical thinking.” Consider arguments and critical thinking. Consider characteristics of critical thinkers. Explore some novel critical thinking exercises.

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Scratch your brain novel ways to interest students in critical thinking

Scratch Your Brain: Novel Ways to Interest Students in Critical Thinking


Objectives

Objectives

  • Briefly discuss definitions of “critical thinking.”

  • Consider arguments and critical thinking.

  • Consider characteristics of critical thinkers.

  • Explore some novel critical thinking exercises.

  • Discuss ways to use resources in teaching.


Definition

Definition

What is YOUR definition of

critical thinking?


Common definitions

Common Definitions

Thinking “outside” the box

“Unlimited” thinking

Divergent thinking


Another definition

Another Definition

“The intellectually disciplined

process of actively and skillfully

conceptualizing, applying, analyzing,

synthesizing, and evaluating information.”

The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking, 1987


Another definition1

Another Definition

“Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it.”

The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking: Concepts And Tools, 5 ed.


Quote henry ford

Quote – Henry Ford

Thinking is the hardest work there is, which is probably why so few engage in it.


Arguments

Arguments

  • Inductive Reasoning

  • Deductive Reasoning

    • Syllogism – major premise, minor premise, conclusion

      Humans are mortalGreeks are humanTherefore, Greeks are mortal


Resource

Resource

http://www.sjsu.edu/depts/itl/graphics/main.html


Make your argument

Make Your Argument

Monty Python: Argument Clinic

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDjCqjzbvJY&playnext=1&list=PL8263C81EE53E94FA


Visual argument

Visual Argument

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EGp0WWfEadg&NR=1&feature=fvwp


Critical thinking is

Critical thinking is . . .

  • Self-disciplined

  • Self-monitored

  • Self-corrective thinking


Thinking critically means

Thinking Critically Means …

  • Examining different viewpoints

  • Learn to think from different perspectives


Scratch your brain novel ways to interest students in critical thinking

Young girl?

or

Old woman?


Scratch your brain novel ways to interest students in critical thinking

Man playing horn?

or

Woman’s silhouette?


Scratch your brain novel ways to interest students in critical thinking

A Native American face?

or

An Eskimo’s back?


What who doesn t belong and why

What/Who Doesn’t Belong? And Why?

  • whale, shark, zebra

  • camera, photographer, pilot

  • Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, Rick Perry

  • Aristotle, Plato, Frank Fair

  • Monet, Renoir, Einstein

  • Copland, Mozart, Bach

  • De Castro, Muehsam, Harman


What do they have in common

What Do They Have in Common?

  • Aristotle, Plato, Frank Fair

  • Milton Friedman, Robert Solow, Carl Menger

  • Zimbardo, Bandura, Milgrim

  • Door-in the face, foot-in-the-door, low-ball

  • Vera Wang, Sarah Burton, Carolina Herrera


The camels

The Camels

  • An Arab sheik tells his two sons to race their camels to a distant city to see who will inherit his fortune. The one whose camel is slower will win. The brothers, after wandering aimlessly for days, ask a wise man for advice. After hearing the advice, they jump on the camels and race as fast as they can to the city. What does the wise man say?


The wise man says

The Wise Man Says…

Switch camels.


Train wreck

Train Wreck

One train leaves from NYC heading towards LA at 100 mph. Three hours later, a train leaves from LA heading towards NYC at 200 mph. Assume there’s exactly 2000 miles between LA and NYC. When they meet, which train is closer to NYC?


When they meet

When they meet…

they’re both at the same spot, so they are both the same distance from NYC.


Going to st ives

Going to St. Ives

As I was going to St. Ives I met a man with seven wives. Each wife had seven sacks. Each sack had seven cats. Each cat had seven kits. Kits, cats, sacks, and wives, how many were going to St. Ives?


Scratch your brain novel ways to interest students in critical thinking

  • Some months have 31 days; how many have 28?

  • How many outs are in an inning?

  • There are 3 apples and you take away 2. How many do you have?


Common phrases

Common Phrases

DECISION

ANOTHERONE


Common word

Common Word


Scratch your brain novel ways to interest students in critical thinking

A duck, a goose, a goat, and a horse all entered the barn at different times one day last week.

1) A mammal entered the barn first.2) The duck entered before the goose.3) The goose entered ahead of the horse.

Who entered the barn first?


Common phrases1

Common Phrases

CHIEDITOREF

T   2222


Word fun

Word Fun

Determine both one-word answers.The floor of ship or boat,They walk on me at sea;Where there’s a C, make it an S,At school you sit on me.


What economic phrases

What Economic Phrases?

advantage

demchangeand


History terms

History Terms?

ISM


Poetry terms

Poetry Terms?

coo


Phrase

Phrase

+

t

+

+

s

r


Fun theory

Fun Theory

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2lXh2n0aPyw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cbEKAwCoCKw&NR=1


Discuss

Discuss

How might you use some of these ideas in your classroom?

Could students use critical thinking in generating critical thinking activities to share with the class?


How not to be stupid

How Not to Be Stupid

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_9BMyaftZ1A


Thank you

Thank You

Contact me:

[email protected]


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