Perspectives of the offshore wind energy development in Russian EEZ, Kaliningrad Oblast. V. Sivkov, D. Dorokhov, M. Chestnova , B. Zatoplyaev, O. Pichuzhkina, N. Golenko Atlantic Branch, P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS. Palanga, December 2007. Wind park location. Final map.
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V. Sivkov, D. Dorokhov, M. Chestnova, B. Zatoplyaev, O. Pichuzhkina, N. Golenko
Atlantic Branch, P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS
Bathymetry combined with topography
Wind speed at 100 m height
Surface geology map
Habitats: birds period migration
Habitats: birds wintering
Habitats: biocenosis ground invertebrates
Turbulent kinetic energy
Influence of the wind park as the source of turbulence can be considerable and it will effect on oxygen and biogenic distribution.
Surface current velocity without influence of wind sea park (left picture) and with turbulence generated by wind sea park (right picture)Simulation was performed with North wind of 8 m/s
Influence of the wind park on horizontal velocity components and on salinity is insignificant.
EIA procedure promotes decision making on realization of planned activity taking into account:
EIA is carried out in few steps.
2. Requirements specification making.
3. EIA investigations.
4. Preparation of preliminary EIA.
5. Public discussions.
Under requirements of Federal Act “On ecological assessment” state ecological assessment is carried out on federal level objects and objects of regional level.
Wind energy sea objectsare the subjects of ecological assessment of federal level.
Is organized, financed and carried out by initiative of citizens, non-governmental organizations, local self-government agencies.
Under Town-planning code of RF project documentation of capital construction objects and results of engineering investigations have to be under state assessment including:
Is financed by Customer.
Federal Law No. 250-FZ of 4 November 2007
On Amendments to Legislative Acts
of the Russian Federation
Concerning Measures for the Reorganization of the
Unified Energy System of Russia
Article 3. Definition of the basic concepts:
Renewable Energy Sources include solar energy; wind energy; hydraulic energy (e.g. wastewater’s); tidal energy; wave energy; geothermal energy; low-potential heat energy of the earth, air, water; biomass, (specially grown trees and industrial and consumer wastes); biogas, landfill and coal mine gas.
the criteria of granting subsidies from the Federal Budget to compensate the cost of technological connection to the grid for generation devices with installed capacity of not more than 25 MW.
Full, stable, agreeable to all
requirements law and by-laws on
energy politics in RF
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