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Perspectives of the offshore wind energy development in Russian EEZ, Kaliningrad Oblast. V. Sivkov, D. Dorokhov, M. Chestnova , B. Zatoplyaev, O. Pichuzhkina, N. Golenko Atlantic Branch, P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS. Palanga, December 2007. Wind park location. Final map.

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Perspectives of the offshore wind energy development in Russian EEZ, Kaliningrad Oblast

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Perspectives of the offshore wind energy development in Russian EEZ, Kaliningrad Oblast

V. Sivkov, D. Dorokhov, M. Chestnova, B. Zatoplyaev, O. Pichuzhkina, N. Golenko

Atlantic Branch, P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS

Palanga,

December 2007


Wind park location


Final map


Bathymetry combined with topography


Wind speed at 100 m height


Surface geology map


Fishery intensity


Habitats: birds period migration


Habitats: birds wintering


Habitats: biocenosis ground invertebrates


Evaluations of hydrothermodynamic effect of the sea wind park

  • Qualitative and quantitative evaluations of changes in hydrodynamic and thermodynamic parameters owing to influence of the sea wind park has been done.

  • Method of numerical simulation on the base of the Princeton Ocean Model (POM) was use.


Temperature transects at various weather conditions

Turbulent kinetic energy

Influence of the wind park as the source of turbulence can be considerable and it will effect on oxygen and biogenic distribution.


Surface current velocity without influence of wind sea park (left picture) and with turbulence generated by wind sea park (right picture)Simulation was performed with North wind of 8 m/s

Influence of the wind park on horizontal velocity components and on salinity is insignificant.


Nature protection legislation


EIA and ecological assessment

EIA procedure promotes decision making on realization of planned activity taking into account:

  • possible adverse effects and environmental consequences;

  • public opinion;

  • working out measures of decreasing and prevention of effects


EIA

EIA is carried out in few steps.

  • Preliminary assessments for requirements specification development of EIA.

    2. Requirements specification making.

    3. EIA investigations.

    4. Preparation of preliminary EIA.

    5. Public discussions.


State ecological assessment

Under requirements of Federal Act “On ecological assessment” state ecological assessment is carried out on federal level objects and objects of regional level.

Wind energy sea objectsare the subjects of ecological assessment of federal level.


Public ecological assessment

Is organized, financed and carried out by initiative of citizens, non-governmental organizations, local self-government agencies.


State assessment of project documentation

Under Town-planning code of RF project documentation of capital construction objects and results of engineering investigations have to be under state assessment including:

  • Sanitary-and-epidemiologic;

  • Ecological;

  • Industrial, fire and other safeties

    Is financed by Customer.


Energy Legislation

Federal Law No. 250-FZ of 4 November 2007

On Amendments to Legislative Acts

of the Russian Federation

Concerning Measures for the Reorganization of the

Unified Energy System of Russia


Article 3. Definition of the basic concepts:

…………………………………..

Renewable Energy Sources include solar energy; wind energy; hydraulic energy (e.g. wastewater’s); tidal energy; wave energy; geothermal energy; low-potential heat energy of the earth, air, water; biomass, (specially grown trees and industrial and consumer wastes); biogas, landfill and coal mine gas.


Article 21. …..1. Functions of the Government of the Russian Federation:

to support:

  • the use of renewable energy sources and stimulate the use of energy-efficient technologies, as provided by the Budget Code of the Russian Federation;


Article 21. …..1. Functions of the Government of the Russian Federation:

  • to approve:

    the criteria of granting subsidies from the Federal Budget to compensate the cost of technological connection to the grid for generation devices with installed capacity of not more than 25 MW.


COMING SOON 

  • Economical feasibility study;

  • Survey report;

  • EIA report.


COMING NOT SOON 

Full, stable, agreeable to all

requirements law and by-laws on

energy politics in RF


Thanks for attention


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