Interwar neutrality
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Interwar Neutrality. Isolationism: To stay away from political & economic entanglements Neutrality: Avoid taking sides. Isolationism v. Neutrality. Write this down on your handout In this box…. Failure of Peace: Munich Conference (1938). Appeasement.

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Isolationism v neutrality

Isolationism:

To stay away from political & economic entanglements

Neutrality:

Avoid taking sides

Isolationism v. Neutrality

Write this down on your handout

In this box…


Failure of peace munich conference 1938
Failure of Peace: Munich Conference (1938)


Appeasement
Appeasement

  • To give into demands of rival power to avoid conflict

Write this down on your handout

In this box…


Neutrality acts 1935 1939
Neutrality Acts (1935-1939)

In Europe…

In the USA…

  • 1938-39

    • Germany takes Austria & Poland

    • Italy invades Albania

Neutrality Act of 1939

“Cash and Carry”

  • 1937

  • Hitler & Mus. aid Franco in Civil War

    • Japan invades China

Neutrality Act of 1937

Neutrality Acts apply to Civil Wars

FDR delivers “Quarantine Speech”

  • 1936

    • Germany gets Rhineland

Neutrality Act of 1936

No loans belligerent countries

US citizens can’t travel on ships from these countries

  • 1935

    • Italy invades Ethiopia

Neutrality Act of 1935

Can’t sell or transport arms to countries at war


Neutrality acts
Neutrality Acts

  • For nations at war:

    • No sale or shipment of arms

    • No loans on

    • No traveling of US citizens on their ships

Write this down on your handout

In this box…


Cash and carry
“Cash and Carry”

  • US allows sale of goods to warring nations IF

    • They pay in cash

    • They ship them with their own ships

Write this down on your handout

In this box…


Destroyers for bases agreement 1940
Destroyers-for-bases Agreement (1940)

  • US agreed to give 50 destroyers to Britain

  • Britain gives US rights to build bases


Fate of the 50 destroyers
Fate of the 50 Destroyers

  • Britain gives some destroyers to:

    • Netherlands

    • Norway

    • Canada

    • Soviet Union


*Plus one

base in

Newfoundland,

Northern Canada


Lend lease act march 1941
Lend-Lease Act (March, 1941)

  • US supplies war material to Britain, Soviet Union, China and France.

    • They don’t have to pay the US until after the war.

Soviets receive shipment of American tanks.

1941-1942, US tanks accounted for 15% of

Soviet tanks.


US spent a total of $50 billion ($700 billion at 2007 prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs


Lend lease deliveries to ussr
Lend-Lease Deliveries to USSR prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs

  • Aircraft 14,795

  • Tanks 7,056

  • Jeeps 51,503

  • Trucks 375,883

  • Motorcycles 35,170

  • Machine guns 131,633

  • Building equipment valued $10,910,000

  • Locomotives 1,981

  • Food supplies 4,478,000 tons

  • Machines and equipment $1,078,965,000

  • Army boots 15,417,001 pairs


Arsenal of democracy 1941
“Arsenal of Democracy” prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs (1941)

  • In a fireside chat, FDR introduced the Lend-lease Acts

  • He called Detroit, Michigan an “arsenal of democracy”

*Arsenal – a weapons manufacturer


Fdr s four freedoms speech jan 1941
FDR’s prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs Four Freedoms Speech(Jan, 1941)

  • FDR proposed that “everyone in the world” ought to enjoy:

    • Freedom of speech and expression

    • Freedom of Religion

    • Freedom from want

    • Freedom from fear

*Compare this to what Hitler, Mussolini and Hirohito are saying!


Norman rockwell s paintings of the four freedoms
Norman Rockwell’s prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs Paintings of the Four Freedoms

  • Inspired by FDR

  • Published in 1943, The Saturday Evening Post

  • US Department of Treasury toured the series to raise war bonds

    • Raised over $130 million in War Bonds


The atlantic charter august 1941
The Atlantic Charter prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs (August, 1941)

  • FDR & Churchill met on a ship to discuss post WWII aims

  • Some goals were…


Agreed upon points of atlantic charter
Agreed Upon Points prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs of Atlantic Charter

  • No territorial gains

  • All peoples had a right to self-determination

  • Trade barriers were to be lowered

  • Freedom from want and fear

  • Disarmament of aggressor nations


Rosie the riveter
Rosie the Riveter prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs


m prices) worth of supplies in Lend Lease programs


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