American recovery and reinvestment act 0f 2009
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American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 0f 2009. A Year in Review February 17, 2010. D’Arcy Philps & Vic Klatt Van Scoyoc Associates Cheryl L. Sattler, Ph.D. Senior Partner Ethica, LLC. ARRA. Enacted a year ago today: $787 billion Education Related Funding Made up $100 billion

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American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 0f 2009

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American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 0f 2009

A Year in Review

February 17, 2010

D’Arcy Philps & Vic Klatt

Van Scoyoc Associates

Cheryl L. Sattler, Ph.D.

Senior Partner Ethica, LLC


  • Enacted a year ago today: $787 billion

  • Education Related Funding Made up $100 billion

  • Jobs and Reform


Original $$ Awarded

SFSF$48.6 billion$36.9 billion

Student Financial Assistance $17.3 billion$8.7 billion

IDEA$12.2 billion$12.2 billion

Title I$10 billion$10.0 billion

Sec. Grants (RTTT/I3)$5 billion$5 billion

School Improvement Grants$3 billion$149 million

Education Technology$650 million$650 million

Vocational Rehabilitation$539 million$539 million

Teacher Incentive Fund$200 million$54 million

Independent Living$140 million$73 million

Impact Aid$100 million$40 million

McKinney Vento Homeless$70 million$70 million

TOTAL$98.4 billion$76.5 billion*


  • The amount of funds actually drawn down is much lower: $32 billion

    • Audits

    • Interest

    • Drawdown Requirements

  • Different programs have different spending deadlines

Is it working?

  • From the perspective of creating (or keeping) jobs - probably.

  • According to grant recipients, last quarter, over 300,000 education jobs, such as teachers, principals, librarians, and counselors.

  • 400K when including corrections officers, public health personnel, and construction workers.

  • Some believe these are inflated, others think too low – a close look at data does show many inconsistencies, but ultimately, one would expect significant job creation given amount of funding.

Is it working?

  • From the perspective of reform…

    • Catalyst for common standards and assessments

    • Has moved the debate forward on teacher performance based on student achievement and teacher distribution

    • Boost to State data systems

    • Focus on low achieving schools

    • Charter school movement has benefited

    • Positive movement overall, but still much to

      be proven

Review of Major Programs

  • State Fiscal Stabilization Funding

  • Race to the Top

  • I3

  • Teacher Incentive

  • School Improvement Grants

Share Similar Focus

  • College and Career Ready Standards and assessments

  • Strategies to recruit, train and retain Effective teachers and leaders

  • Statewide data systems

  • Turn around Nation's Lowest-Achieving Schools

State Fiscal Stabilization Fund

  • Total Funding = $48.6 billion ($36.8 billion in Phase I and $11.5 billion in Phase II)

  • Phase I Applications: Governor’s assurances to “take action and make progress in four areas of education reform:”

    • Adopting internationally benchmarked standards and assessments;

    • Recruiting, developing, and retaining effective teachers and principals;

    • Building data systems that measure student success and inform teachers and principals how they can improve their practices; and

    • Turning around our lowest-achieving schools.

SFSF Phase I

  • Phase I application also provided insight on how funds would be allocated:

    • Education Grants:

      • Majority to restore K-12 $25+

      • Approx $6 billion to restore higher education

      • Approx $5 billion for school districts (after restoring funds)

    • Government Services:

      • $8 billion

      • Uses of fund varied greatly, although majority not for education

  • Recent Phase I amendments resulted in some changes, but

    generally not significant


  • All States submitted in January 2010 –

  • Governors required to provide data in each of these four areas of reform.

  • Data to public - “empowering them to identify needs and drive reform.”

  • States not required to show progress – just prove information is in place – or

  • Submit a plan for ensuring this information will be publicly reported as soon as possible, but no later than September 30, 2011.


  • Will States come through?

  • Is data helpful?

  • What happens when funding is gone?

Race To The Top

  • $4 billion

  • State enthusiasm

  • Phase I - 40 States and DC

  • Timing

  • Phase II


  • Comparing Applications

    • LEA participation

    • Union “buy-in”

    • Business involvement

    • “Ambitious yet Achievable” Goals

    • Teacher related provisions

    • STEM and other competitive preferences


  • How will they be judged?

  • Phase I – handful of winners?

  • Impact on Phase II

  • Political challenges

  • Future funding?

Other Programs

  • RTTT Assessment Program

  • I3

  • Teacher Incentive Grants

  • School Improvement Grants

Reform Opportunities

  • Get involved in State and local RTTT discussions – most States will be in Phase II

  • Take advantage of the data

    • Learn from what other States are doing

    • How does your State stack up?

    • What is the business community doing in other States?

    • Follow the spending

The Data

  • States must begin to report more data – user-friendly portals




  • Many moving parts

  • Too much information – not enough “good” information?

  • Complicated accountability systems – ARRA vs. NCLB

  • What happens when the $ is gone?

What’s Next?

  • Another Jobs/Stimulus bill?

  • FY11 Budget

  • ESEA Reauthorization

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