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Warm- up: The Civil War Number you paper 1-6 and answer all questions. . Define sectionalism – (look in journal if you have trouble) Name the two sides that fought during the Civil War. Who was the general for the North? Who was the general for the South?

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Warm up the civil war number you paper 1 6 and answer all questions

Warm- up: The Civil WarNumber you paper 1-6 and answer all questions.

  • Define sectionalism – (look in journal if you have trouble)

  • Name the two sides that fought during the Civil War.

  • Who was the general for the North?

  • Who was the general for the South?

  • Who was the President during the Civil War?

  • Who won the Civil War?


Warm up the civil war number you paper 1 6 and answer all questions1

Warm- up: The Civil WarNumber you paper 1-6 and answer all questions.

  • Define sectionalism – loyalty to a region

  • Name the two sides that fought during the Civil War. North (Union) & South (Confederacy)

  • Who was the general for the North? U.S. Grant

  • Who was the general for the South? Robert E. Lee

  • Who was the President during the Civil War? President Lincoln

  • Who won the Civil War? The North (Union)


Civil war basics quiz

Civil War Basics - Quiz

1. Define Sectionalism:

2. President during Civil War:

3. Create the chart below. Fill in the blanks.


Warm up the civil war number you paper 1 6 and answer all questions

NORTH

SOUTH

WEST


I can explain the causes of the civil war

I CAN EXPLAIN THE CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR

SECTIONALISM

STATES RIGHTS

SLAVERY


Warm up copy slide sectionalism

Warm-up: Copy slideSectionalism

1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War

  • Loyalty to local interests (region)

  • Northern – manufacturing & commerce (Capital was invested in transportation & manufacturing)

  • Southern – cash crop agriculture(Capital was invested in slaves & overseas markets)

  • Western – cheap land for expansion & good transportation to keep in touch with eastern businesses


Transportation slaves south

Transportation: ___________ ::Slaves : South

Discussion Question #1


Which set of graphics correctly lists the political and military leaders of the civil war

Which set of graphics correctly lists the political and military leaders of the Civil War?

Discussion Question #2

A.

Confederate

President: John C. Calhoun

Major General: Zachary Calhoun

Union

President: Abraham Lincoln

Major General: Ulysses S. Grant

B.

Union

President: Abraham Lincoln

Major General: Ulysses S. Grant

Confederate

President: Jefferson Davis

Major General: Robert E. Lee


Economic differences prior to the civil war

Economic Differences Prior to the Civil War

Discussion Question #3

  • Which inference is best supported by the table?

  • F. The South's population primarily lived in large cities.

  • G. The South had a higher standard of living than the North.

  • H. The North depended upon foreign imports to feed its population.

  • J. The North was more industrial while the South was mostly agricultural.

Southern States

Cotton Plantation

Rural Labor Force

Oppose High Tariffs

Northern States

Textile Manufacturing

Large Urban Labor Force

Support High Tariffs


Discussion question 4

Discussion Question #4

  • Which three of the following are characteristics of sectionalism?

    A. attitudes toward private ownership of land

    B. feelings about slavery as an economic institution

    C. degree of industry in different areas of the country

    D. different uses of land in different areas of the country


States rights

States’ Rights

1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War

  • Strict interpretation of the Constitution

  • Limited Federal Power

  • Explore the Ten Amendments on pg. 221.

  • Which amendment did the South use to support their cause?


States rights1

States’ Rights

1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War

  • Strict interpretation of the Constitution

  • Limited Federal Power

  • Tenth Amendment – Southerners believed the 10th amendment prohibited the government from interfering with slavery where it already existed and from interfering with a slaveholders right to take slaves into a new territory.


Warm up answer the following questions in your journal complete sentences

Warm-up: Answer the following questions in your journal. Complete sentences.

  • Which amendment did the south use to support their right to continue the practice of slavery?

  • Why did the south think that this amendment allowed them to continue the practice of slavery?


Slavery

Slavery

1 of 3 Causes of the Civil War

  • Slavery began in Virginia during Colonial Era (1619)

  • Slavery was maintained by equal balance of slave & free states

  • Regional differences caused the balance of power to shift in the government

    Ex. South – Agrarian plantation economy, slow growth in population ………….. (Remember 3/5 Compromise – count 3 of 5 slaves for population)

    North – Industrialization, Large urban area, infrastructure growth, high …….. birth rates, & large influx of European immigrants ……………….(Balance of power shifts - more Northern, anti-slavery states)


Warm up write the question and an answer in your journal

Warm-up: Write the question and an answer in your journal.

  • Explain the Missouri Compromise in your own words.

  • Include the problem.

  • Include the congressional solution.

  • Include the key person.


Missouri compromise

Missouri Compromise

  • Problem: Unbalance in congress

  • Solution:Missouri as a slave state. Maine as a free state. Kept the balance in congress.

  • Key person: Henry Clay


Political issues regarding slavery

Political Issues regarding SLAVERY

  • Missouri Compromise - 1820

  • Compromise of 1850

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854

Key People Involved

John C. Calhoun – S. Carolina Senator * favored states’ rights *led opposition in SC to protective Tariff of 1828

Henry Clay – Kentucky Senator * “Great Compromiser” *sponsored Missouri Compromise in 1820

Daniel Webster- Massachusetts Senator * “The Great Orator” *created compromises with South to delay war


Congressional conflicts compromises prior to the civil war provisions effects

Congressional Conflicts & CompromisesPrior to the Civil WarProvisions & Effects

  • Missouri Compromise- Henry Clay sponsor -1820

    *allowed Missouri to enter Union as a slave state

    *allowed Maine to enter Union as a free state

    *maintained balance of power in the Senate

    *all new states north of 36°30’ would be free


Congressional conflicts compromises prior to the civil war provisions effects1

Congressional Conflicts & CompromisesPrior to the Civil WarProvisions & Effects

2. Nullification Crisis - John C. Calhoun *SC Senator

*1828 Tariff of Abominations passed – high tariff

*1832 Lower Tariff passed – SC still angry

*Calhoun declared tariff null & void w/in SC borders

*SC threatens to secede

*Clay proposed Compromise Tariff

Of 1833 to prevent war –

govt. lowers tariff


Congressional conflicts compromises prior to the civil war provisions effects2

Congressional Conflicts & CompromisesPrior to the Civil WarProvisions & Effects

3. Compromise of 1850 – Henry Clay Sponsor

*California enters Union as a free state

*Remainder of Southwest – open to slavery by

popular sovereignty (vote of the people living there)

*Slave trade in Washington, D.C. Ended,

but allowed those owing slaves to keep them

*Fugitive Slave Law – required the return of runaway slaves

North Happy

South Happy


Congressional conflicts compromises prior to the civil war provisions effects3

Congressional Conflicts & CompromisesPrior to the Civil WarProvisions & Effects

4. Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) - *allowed Kansas & Nebraska to decide slavery by popular sovereignty (people living there would vote)

*overturned the Missouri Compromise of 1820

*Purpose was to open many thousands of new farms & make feasible a transcontinental railroad


Warm up

Warm-Up

  • Describe the Kansas-Nebraska Act.


Warm up1

Warm-up:

  • What year did the Civil War begin?

  • What year did the Civil war end?

  • You will be required to answer this on a piece of paper before you leave class, for a grade. Make sure that you do this warm-up.


Civil war time line of events write this list in your journal

Civil War Time-line of Events (write this list in your journal)

  • Fort Sumter

  • Battle of Antietam

  • Battle of Gettysburg

  • Siege at Vicksburg

  • Emancipation Proclamation

  • Assassination of Lincoln

  • General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox court house


Timeline rubric

Timeline Rubric

  • You must include the following in your timeline.

  • Title of event (Ex. Fort Sumter)

  • Date of event (Ex. April 1861)

  • Description of event in your own words (Ex. Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. It was a federal fort that was fired on by the rebels to start the Civil War.)


Testable items

Testable Items

  • Sectionalism

  • Begin date and end date of Civil War

  • Tariffs

  • Free blacks vs. Slaves (ESP)

  • Missouri Compromise

  • Compromise of 1850

  • Basic Civil War Facts

  • Economic Differences between North & South

  • Nullification Crisis

  • Kansas – Nebraska Act

  • Henry Clay


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