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NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR RABI CAMPAIGN 2004-2005 17th – 18th September, 2004 PRESENTATION BY the Department of Agriculture Government of Meghalaya. State ’ s Agricultural Profile. Geographical area: 22,489 sq. km. Population: 25 lakh (approximately)

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State ’ s Agricultural Profile

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NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTUREFOR RABI CAMPAIGN 2004-200517th –18th September, 2004PRESENTATIONBYtheDepartment of AgricultureGovernment of Meghalaya


State’s Agricultural Profile

  • Geographical area: 22,489 sq. km.

  • Population: 25 lakh (approximately)

  • Total cropped area: 2.76 lakh hectares

  • Major crops: Paddy, Maize, Wheat and Pulses; Mustard, Soybean, Cotton, Jute and Mesta.

  • Major Fruit crops: Orange, Pine Apple, Banana, Pears, Plums, Peaches, Strawberries.

  • Spices: Ginger, Turmeric and Chilli.

  • Plantation crops: Tea, Cashew Nut and Areca Nut

  • Agro-climatic zones: 5

  • Fertilizer consumption: 17 kgs/ha.

  • Paddy productivity: 1772 kg/ha.

  • Oilseed productivity: 658 kg/ha.

  • Pulses productivity: 756 kg/ha.

  • Mechanical Horse Power Availability: 0.058 HP/hectares.


Issues for discussion

  • Non-availability of suitable Paddy varieties for mid-altitude zones of Meghalaya (300 mts. To 600 mts). High altitude zone varieties evolved by the ICAR (Megha Rice – 1 & 2) have been successful.

  • Inconsistencies in the subsidising patterns between the Technology Mission on Horticulture and Macromanagement. Rs. 45,000 max under TM while under MM only Rs. 30,000 max. In the state scheme it is Rs. 50,000/-. Should be equalized.


CROP PRODUCTION

DURING KHARIF 2004


Area & Production of FoodgrainsKharif 2004 (Crop- wise)


Area & Production of Oilseeds & Commercial Crops

Kharif 2004 ( Crop-Wise)


Comparison bet. Kharif 2003 & 2004


Major constraint – Flood – Rainfall data


MAJOR CONSTRAINT

Severe floods in the paddy growing areas of three Garo Hills districts of Meghalaya in July 04

  • Area affected = 15,618.14 hectares (16% of the total area under Rice).

  • Total estimated crop loss = 25-30 %

  • Efforts made: Distribution of certified seeds

    for Rabi cultivation


Area and Production of Rabi Crops

(targets for 2004- 2005)


Comparison bet. Rabi 03-04 (achievement) and 04-05 (targets)


PROGRAMMES & STRATEGIES FOR RABI PRODUCTION

  • Mass awareness campaigns and farmers’ meets - proposed to be held at all the Sub-divisional and district headquarters.

  • Productivity challenges – to be met by grounding 380 Power tillers in time for the Rabi season - 180 sanctioned under the Macro Management Scheme and 200 nos. under the TMH.


Successful Implementation of the Central Sector Scheme “Women in Agriculture”

- 30 Farm Women Groups established

- Diverse economic activities undertaken

- 80% FWGs registered as Cooperative Societies

Created Departmental website in collaboration with NIC

www.megagriculture.nic.in

( formally launched on the 5th July 2004)

Prepared a documentary on Indigenous Bamboo Drip Irrigation

SUCCESS STORIES/BEST PRACTICES/NEW INTERVENTIONS


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