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REVIEW DAY. 2. James Hutton’s and Charles Lyell’s work was important to Darwin because these scientists a. explained volcanoes and earthquakes. b. explained all geologic events on Earth. c. suggested that Earth was old enough for evolution to have occurred.

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  • 2. James Hutton’s and Charles Lyell’s work was important to Darwin because these scientists

  • a. explained volcanoes and earthquakes.

  • b. explained all geologic events on Earth.

  • c. suggested that Earth was old enough for evolution to have occurred.

  • d. refuted the work of Lamarck, which was based on misunderstandings.


  • 2. James Hutton’s and Charles Lyell’s work was important to Darwin because these scientists

  • a. explained volcanoes and earthquakes.

  • b. explained all geologic events on Earth.

  • c. suggested that Earth was old enough for evolution to have occurred.

  • d. refuted the work of Lamarck, which was based on misunderstandings.




  • 7. A human’s arm, and cat’s forelimb, a whales flipper, and a bat’s wing ALL have similar bone structure consisting of a humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges. (See figure 15-2)

  • This is an example of

  • a. examples of fossils.

  • b. homologous structures.

  • c. acquired traits.

  • d. examples of natural variation.


  • 7. A human’s arm, and cat’s forelimb, a whales flipper, and a bat’s wing ALL have similar bone structure consisting of a humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges. (See figure 15-2)

  • This is an example of

  • a. examples of fossils.

  • b. homologous structures.

  • c. acquired traits.

  • d. examples of natural variation.


  • 3. When lions prey on a herd of antelopes, some antelopes are killed and some escape. Which part of Darwin’s concept of natural selection might be used to describe this situation?

  • a. acquired characteristics

  • b. reproductive isolation

  • c. survival of the fittest

  • d. descent with modification


  • 3. When lions prey on a herd of antelopes, some antelopes are killed and some escape. Which part of Darwin’s concept of natural selection might be used to describe this situation?

  • a. acquired characteristics

  • b. reproductive isolation

  • c. survival of the fittest

  • d. descent with modification


Draw 2 organisms that demonstrate how animals change together, and explain why they show co-evolution.


Draw 2 organisms that demonstrate how animals change together, and explain why they show co-evolution.

Answers will vary:

Some of the class responses were The flower and Insect Mouth


What does this diagram show

What does this diagram show? together, and explain why they show co-evolution.


SPECIATION together, and explain why they show co-evolution.


Thomas Malthus reasoned that if ____________ ____________ continued to grow unchecked sooner or later there would be insufficient living space and food.


Thomas Malthus reasoned that if continued to grow unchecked sooner or later there would be insufficient living space and food.human population continued to grow unchecked sooner or later there would be insufficient living space and food.


Hutton and Lyel helped scientists recognize that evolution could only function if the earth was ________ of years old.


Hutton and could only function if the earth was ________ of years old.Lyel helped scientists recognize that evolution could only function if the earth was 1,000,000 of years old.


If a dog breeder only allows certain animals to breed based on their traits this is called ______________ selection.


If a dog breeder only allows certain animals to breed based on their traits this is called artificial selection.






Whale and pelvic bone longer functional

Human and appendix


All of the genes in a species population makes up the population s

All of the genes in a species population makes up the population’s __________ __________







The two main sources of genetic variation are population

  • a. genotypes and phenotypes.

  • b. gene shuffling and mutations.

  • c. single-gene traits and polygenic traits.

  • d. directional selection and disruptive selection.


The two main sources of genetic variation are population

  • a. genotypes and phenotypes.

  • b. gene shuffling and mutations.

  • c. single-gene traits and polygenic traits.

  • d. directional selection and disruptive selection.


One similarity between natural selection and genetic drift is that both events

  • a. are based completely on chance.

  • b. begin with one or more mutations.

  • c. involve a change in a population’s allele frequencies.

  • d. take place only in very small groups.


One similarity between natural selection and genetic drift is that both events

  • a. are based completely on chance.

  • b. begin with one or more mutations.

  • c. involve a change in a population’s allele frequencies.

  • d. take place only in very small groups.



This diagram shows genetic drift

This diagram shows is that both eventsGenetic Drift


What is Genetic Drift? is that both events





What is behavioral isolation

What is behavioral isolation? Eventually new species development


Reproductive isolation in which two populations have differences in courtship rituals or other types of behavior that prevents them from interbreeding


Draw give an example of temporal isolation

Draw/Give an example of temporal isolation differences in courtship rituals or other types of behavior that prevents them from interbreeding



Miller and Urey the formation of organic molecules?


6 darwin was prompted to publish his theory of evolution by

6. Darwin was prompted to publish his theory of evolution by…

An essay by Wallace on evolution

The publication of Lamarck’s theory of evolution

The vice governor of the galapagos Islands

The work of Hutton and Lyel


6 darwin was prompted to publish his theory of evolution by1

6. Darwin was prompted to publish his theory of evolution by…

An essay by Wallace on evolution

The publication of Lamarck’s theory of evolution

The vice governor of the galapagos Islands

The work of Hutton and Lyel


16 which phrase best defines evolution by natural selection

16. Which phrase best defines evolution by natural selection?

By chance certain allele frequencies increase

Sudden replacement of one population by another

Changes in a species as it becomes more perfect

Process of change in a species over time


16 which phrase best defines evolution by natural selection1

16. Which phrase best defines evolution by natural selection?

By chance certain allele frequencies increase

Sudden replacement of one population by another

Changes in a species as it becomes more perfect

Process of change in a species over time


21 in many kinds of organisms inheritable differences are due mostly to

21. In many kinds of organisms, inheritable differences are due mostly to…

Single-gene traits

Polygenic traits

Gene shuffling during gamete formation

The effects of radiation


21 in many kinds of organisms inheritable differences are due mostly to1

21. In many kinds of organisms, inheritable differences are due mostly to…

Single-gene traits

Polygenic traits

Gene shuffling during gamete formation

The effects of radiation


A single-gene trait that has 2 alleles and that shows a simple dominant-recessive pattern will result in…

One phenotype

2 phenotypes

4 phenotypes

Millions of phenotypes


A single-gene trait that has 2 alleles and that shows a simple dominant-recessive pattern will result in…

One phenotype

2 phenotypes

4 phenotypes

Millions of phenotypes


24 natural selection act directly on

24. Natural selection act directly on… simple dominant-recessive pattern will result in…

alleles

genes

phenotypes

mutations


24 natural selection act directly on1

24. Natural selection act directly on… simple dominant-recessive pattern will result in…

alleles

genes

phenotypes

mutations


29 in genetic drift allele frequencies change because of

29. In genetic drift, allele frequencies change because of…

mutations

chance

Natural selection

Genetic equilibrium


29 in genetic drift allele frequencies change because of1

29. In genetic drift, allele frequencies change because of…

mutations

chance

Natural selection

Genetic equilibrium


30 genetic drift tends to occur in populations that

30. Genetic drift tends to occur in populations that… of…

Are very large

Are small

Are formed from new species

Have unchanging allele frequencies


30 genetic drift tends to occur in populations that1

30. Genetic drift tends to occur in populations that… of…

Are very large

Are small

Are formed from new species

Have unchanging allele frequencies


42 fossilized evidence of earth s first forms of life would consist of

42. Fossilized evidence of earth of…’s first forms of life would consist of…

Vertebrates from the Precambrian

Invertebrates from the Precambrian

Eukaryotes from the Precambrian

Prokaryotes from the Precambrian


43 miller and urey s experiments attempt to demonstrate

43. Miller and Urey of…’s experiments attempt to demonstrate…

How Earth first formed

Whether DNA or RNA evolved first

Whether organic molecules could have formed before life was present

How the deepest part of Earth formed


43 miller and urey s experiments attempt to demonstrate1

43. Miller and Urey of…’s experiments attempt to demonstrate…

How Earth first formed

Whether DNA or RNA evolved first

Whether organic molecules could have formed before life was present

How the deepest part of Earth formed


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