The Gothic Revival in Europe and the United States - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The gothic revival in europe and the united states l.jpg
Download
1 / 36

  • 331 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Gothic Revival in Europe and the United States. in the 18th and Early 19th Centuries. Former Abbey Church at Z’dar, Moravia [Czech Republic] Renovation in the early 18th century by Giovanni Santini Aichl

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

The Gothic Revival in Europe and the United States

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The gothic revival in europe and the united states l.jpg

The Gothic Revival in Europe and the United States

in the 18th and Early 19th Centuries


Slide2 l.jpg

Former Abbey Church at Z’dar, Moravia [Czech Republic]

Renovation in the early 18th century by Giovanni Santini Aichl

View of the apse with its gothic arcuation filled in. The gothic character of the church was assimilated into the baroque renovation.


Slide3 l.jpg

Interior to East

Interior to West


Slide4 l.jpg

Organ case in N transept

High Altar


Slide5 l.jpg

Cemetery at Zelena Hora, Moravia [Czech Republic] with Chapel by Giovanni Santini Aichl, early 18th c


Slide6 l.jpg

Views of the Circuit wall with corridor that surrounds the cemetery


Slide7 l.jpg

Principal (west) facade

Lateral (south) facade


Slide8 l.jpg

Various views of the exterior,revealing the idiosyncratic form.


Slide9 l.jpg

High Altar with its sculptural decoration


Slide10 l.jpg

Stucco respond and ribs

Vault and gallery


Slide11 l.jpg

Window detail

Organ Gallery (upper gallery)


Slide12 l.jpg

Organ Gallery parapet detail (above: back side)


Slide14 l.jpg

The Gothic Revival in England


Slide16 l.jpg

St. Dunstan’s-in-the-East by Sir Christopher Wren, 1698 (damaged during World War II


Slide17 l.jpg

St. Mary Aldermary, Victoria Street, by Sir Christopher Wren, 1682


Slide20 l.jpg

The reconstruction of some of the London churches in Gothic style was a pragmatic choice that did not have an immediate impact on British architecture. However, in the middle of the 18th century, Horace Walpole and a group of his friends undertook an experiment that did have consequences of great importance.

In 1748, at Twickenham on the banks of the Thames above London, Horace Walpole erected a country home that he named Strawberry Hill. This was a conscious attempt to create a modern building using the forms and ornaments of the Gothic. It was also the first time that the Gothic had been revived for residential or secular rather than for religious buildings.


Slide21 l.jpg

Strawberry Hill, Twickenham, by Horace Walpole and others, 1748-77


Slide22 l.jpg

Walpole assembled a variety of medieval elements, none of them archaeological, and created an asymmetrical composition with an irregular roofline of towers, turrets, chimneys and crenelations.


Slide23 l.jpg

The gallery of Strawberry Hill is modeled on the fan vaulting found in English Gothic cathedral cloisters such as Lincoln and Gloucester.

However, these modern counterparts of the stone vaults of the medieval period are executed in plaster.

The effect was more important than the technique.


Slide24 l.jpg

Strawberry Hill was wildly popular. Tourists came in droves from London to see and admire it. As a result many other neo-Gothic works were built.

Sitting Room with fireplace derived from a twin-towered façade, probably of a chapel or church.

The Library with carved wood tracery derived from a choir screen .


Slide25 l.jpg

Library

Cabinet


Slide26 l.jpg

Fonthill Abbey for William Beckford by James Wyatt, 1796-1807


Slide27 l.jpg

Fonthill Abbey by James Wyatt was one of the most elaborate and extravagant of the neo-Gothic houses.

Meant to seem like an abandoned abbey that had been taken over and inhabited by modern people, it plays on the darker side of the Gothic revival: the mystical, mysterious, shadowy, and awe-inspiring.


Slide29 l.jpg

St. Michael Gallery

Plan

Grand Staircase


Slide30 l.jpg

The interior was equally steeped in the sense of the mysterious and even the foreboding. The spiritual, aspiring forms of the medieval Gothic now carried an element of the supernatural, the ghostly, even the ghoulish, perhaps the magical.


Slide31 l.jpg

The Gothic Revival in the United States


Slide32 l.jpg

Cathedral of the Assumption, Baltimore, by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, 1804-08


Slide33 l.jpg

Two versions of the Cathedral of the Assumption were designed by Latrobe: one was neo-classic and the other was gothic.

The Church authorities saw the neo-classic design as more suitable to express the notion of religious freedom for which Maryland had been founded by Lord Baltimore, a catholic.


Slide34 l.jpg

St. Mary’s Seminary Chapel, Baltimore, by Maximilian Godefroy, 1806ff


Slide35 l.jpg

Interior of the Chapel with modern choir stalls and lighting. Note the plaster ribwork and the decorative column clusters with gilded capitals.


  • Login