Psychology…What is it?. Where did it come from?. What is Psychology?. study of behavior and mental processes What’s a mental process ?. Psychology is a Science. Empirical approach Think critically “Show me the evidence”. Psychology is a Science. Mind and Body are One Spiritual
Where did it come from?
“Show me the evidence”
Mind and Body are One
Mind is Like a Blank Slate
Socrates (469-399 B.C.) and Plato (428-348 B.C.)
Emotions distort thinking
Perceptions are interpretations of our environment
Mind & body are distinct. Ideas are inborn.
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)
Mind & body are the same.
We do not have ideas inborn.
Knowledge (ideas) grow from experience.
-Mind and body are separate
-Ideas are inborn
Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig (c. 1879)
Structuralism used introspection (looking in) to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
Elements of the mind are like the periodic table
Edward Bradford Titchner
Student of Wundt
Developed idea of Introspection
Thinking which takes place while behaving
Sense the world not how it really is but how we perceive it to be by adding our own interpretations.
William James establishes
Functionalism – tries to understand
the purpose or function of behavior
-Student of E.B. Titchner
-1st Female to receive Ph.D.
-2nd woman Pres. APA
Behaviorism – studies behavior that is observable, examines environmental influences
Places little value on mental processes
John Watson B.F.Skinner
Max Wertheimer Wolfgang Kohler
- whole is greater than the sum of its
do research, work at colleges
-- Teachers of psychology-academic
me- community colleges and universities
-- Applied psychologists-practioners
use info gathered by the experimenters
A clinical psychologist (Ph.D.) uses psychotherapy (talk therapy) to help with adjustment and stress.
Psychiatrists (M.D.) who can prescribe drugs and psychotherapy to treat psychologically diseased patients.
Data: APA 1997