Mental and emotional problems
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Mental and Emotional Problems. Chapter 5. Think about Today…. How many emotions have you felt? Happiness Excitement Unpleasant Anger Anxiety Sadness Fear. In small doses, fear and anxiety can help you meet challenges, but too much anxiety is disabling. Anxiety.

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Mental and Emotional Problems

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Mental and emotional problems

Mental and Emotional Problems

Chapter 5


Think about today

Think about Today….

  • How many emotions have you felt?

    • Happiness

    • Excitement

    • Unpleasant

    • Anger

    • Anxiety

    • Sadness

    • Fear


In small doses fear and anxiety can help you meet challenges but too much anxiety is disabling

In small doses, fear and anxietycan help you meet challenges, but too much anxiety is disabling.

Anxiety

Normal instinctive response.

Triggers stress response.

Fears can turn into phobia’s .

High energy

Rapid heart rate and breathing, sweating, trembling, increased muscle tension.

Increased alertness.

Overwhelmed/freeze up.

Fear


Sadness and grief

Sadness and Grief

Grief

Normal reaction (bad grade or breakup)

Mild and brief or deep and long-lasting.

Temporary emotion.

Deepest form of sadness (death of a loved one)

Serious illness.

Interferes with daily life.

Sadness


Guilt can remind you of your values shame is harmful and can contribute to serious mental problems

Guilt can remind you of your values. Shame is harmful and can contribute to serious mental problems.

Shame

Conscience driven.

Prompt your values.

Admitting you are wrong can minimize guilt.

Inherently unworthy.

Incapable of changing mistakes.

Associated with depression and eating disorders.

Guilt


Mental illness disorders of thought emotion or behavior that reduce a person s ability to function

Mental Illness: disorders of thought, emotion, or behavior that reduce a person’s ability to function.

  • Phobias

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Depression

  • Bipolar Disorder

  • Schizophrenia

  • Eating Disorders

  • Addiction


Warning signs of mental illness

WARNING signs of Mental Illness

  • Sudden, noticeable change in personality.

  • Bizarre or unrealistic ideas.

  • Excessive anxiety.

  • Prolonged depression or indifference to the world.

  • Dramatic change in eating/sleeping.

  • Extreme highs or lows in mood.

  • Thoughts of suicide or homicide.


O bsessive c ompulsive d isorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  • Uncontrollable fixation on specific thoughts and behaviors.

    • Dirt and germs – washing their hands over and over again.

    • Repeated behaviors interfere with everyday life.

    • Therapy and medications can help.

  • What is OCD? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_wEU-165NRY


P ost t raumatic s tress d isorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

  • Experience a serious stress reaction in response to a terrifying event.

    • PTSD triggered by: war, terrorist attack, bombings, serious accidents, violent crime, natural disasters and abuse.

    • Flashbacks

    • Trouble sleeping or concentrating on tasks.

    • Emotionally numb, aggressive, violent.

    • http://video.foxnews.com/v/1853778904001/cure-for-ptsd/


Depression

Depression

  • A persistent feeling of apathy, hopelessness, or despair.

  • Affects 1 out of 10 people each year.

    • Sadness, anxiety, anger, feelings of indifference, thoughts of death or suicide.

    • Lack of energy, insomnia, unexplained weight loss or weight gain.

    • Withdrawal from family and friends.

    • http://video.foxnews.com/v/2044794071001/call-for-more-action-in-washington-on-mental-illness-issues/


Bipolar disorder

Bipolar Disorder

  • Extreme highs and lows of emotion.

  • LOWof depression and HIGH of mania

    • Manic phase- energy shoots way up.

    • Sleep less

    • Euphoric happiness

    • Poor judgment, reckless behavior, difficulty concentrating.


Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia

  • Severe mental disorder that causes people to lose touch with reality.

    • Hallucinations

    • Partly hereditary

    • Faulty brain chemistry

    • Tend NOT to be violent (danger to themselves)

    • Drugs can relieve symptoms but not cure.


Schizophrenia1

Schizophrenia

  • Beautiful Mind: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GvF4-C1EuJU

  • Soloist: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rn4Ff3MpiRc

  • Own World:

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B9v4FsKXmj8


Eating disorders

Eating Disorders

Bulimia Nervosa

Extreme fear of weight gain.

Starve themselves and exercise excessively.

Self-perception of being overweight.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uKUSGOB-0V8

Binge and purge

Ridding body of the food they ate by vomiting or laxatives.

Anorexia Nervosa


Teens and suicide

Teens and Suicide

Chapter 5, Section 3


The truth

The Truth

  • During one average day in the U.S, about 12 young people aged 15 to 24 end their own lives. Of these, 10 are male and 2 are female. Far more teens attempt to kill themselves but fail. Only accidents and homicides kill more teens than suicides do.


The truth continued

The Truth continued…

  • Many teens who attempt suicide, however, don’t really want to die. For them, a suicide attempt may be a way to show how much they are hurting. Suicide can often be prevented if people learn to recognize the factors that put teens at risk and the warning signs of a possible suicide attempt.


Suicide risk factors

Suicide Risk Factors

  • Symptoms of depression

  • Substance abuse

  • Mental disorder

  • Family history of suicide

  • Abuse of violence within the family.

  • Living in a home where guns are present.

  • Spending time in prison.

  • Feeling alone or isolated.

  • Death of a loved one, parent divorce, in combination with depression.


Facts vs myths

Facts vs. Myths

  • “Only young people are at risk.” Suicide is most common among people aged 65 or older.

  • “ They aren’t serious.” Most people who commit suicide talk about it or give other clear signals beforehand.

  • “There’s no way to stop them.” Most people who talk about suicide are looking for help or another way to deal with their pain.

  • It’s dangerous to talk about suicide with them.” People are afraid to talk to depressed people about suicide with the fear of “putting the ideas in their heads”. However, speaking openly can ease the person’s mind and reduce the risk.


Signs of an approaching suicide

Signs of an Approaching Suicide

  • Abrupt changes in personality.

  • Alcohol or drug abuse.

  • Giving away possessions.

  • Loss of interest in favorite activities.

  • Reference to “going away” or “I won’t be around much longer.”

  • Self-inflicted injuries.

  • Withdrawal

  • Thinking, talking or writing about death.


Megan meier s story

Megan Meier’s Story

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFsfDLCkfQU


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