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2-PAD Infrastructure. Georgina Harris SKADS System Design and Team Leader. 2-PAD Overview. 2-PAD. 3 Sets of Antennas / Front Ends for Initial Trial Vivaldi Bunny Ear Cross Logarithmic Sparse Use of CAT7 cabling for data transport to bunker Representative RFI Shielded Bunker

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2-PAD Infrastructure

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2 pad infrastructure

2-PAD Infrastructure

Georgina Harris

SKADS System Design and Team Leader

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


2 pad overview

2-PAD Overview

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


2 pad

2-PAD

  • 3 Sets of Antennas / Front Ends for Initial Trial

    • Vivaldi

    • Bunny Ear

    • Cross Logarithmic Sparse

  • Use of CAT7 cabling for data transport to bunker

  • Representative RFI Shielded Bunker

  • Representative Signal Processing

  • Mechanical Supporting Structure representative of that proposed for SKA

  • Upgrade path built in for addition of alternative new technologies such as antennas and data processing technologies

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


Element support grid foundations and civil engineering

Although the installation in the Cheshire countryside will not be identical to the desert sites, it will enable us to troubleshoot the basic structural design and test the mechanics of assembling the array.

It will also allow us to improve the design for easy modular deployment in the desert.

Element Support Grid, Foundations, and Civil Engineering

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


2 pad infrastructure

Antennas are mounted on a framework and groundplane and all front end electronics are enclosed underneath these in a thermally insulated space. This allows the temperature of the front end electronics and cables to be stabilised and or cooled.

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


Polythene tarpaulin for water and weatherproofing

Once the array is thermally insulated, the antenna assembly will be waterproofed and protected from the effects of direct sunlight using a white (reflecting) polythene tarpaulin.

Desert condition testing will be needed to verify that the combination of insulation, weather protection and temperature control does not lead to problems with

Pests

Material Degradation

Moisture Accumulation Problems

Polythene Tarpaulin for Water and Weatherproofing

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


Cable routing and support

One of the biggest logistical problems will be the deployment of the CAT7 cable because it will be extremely difficult to prepare the terminations on site (either for 2-PAD or the full SKA).

2-PAD will use pre-terminated cables.

For the full SKA we envisage pre-bundled cables, cut to the correct lengths that can be fitted to one tile.

Cable Routing and Support

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


Processing bunker

Processing Bunker

We are intending to use a processing bunker manufactured to the basic pattern of a standard transport container. This also permits the processing bunker to be assembled before it is shipped (i.e. computers in-place).

Currently working with a RFI consultancy to develop a custom shielded cable sock. This is to minimise the RFI emitted from the bunker via the cables plugged into the bunker wall.

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


Processing bunker1

Processing Bunker

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


Potential ska station layout

Potential SKA Station Layout

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • 2-PAD aims to demonstrate the technologies that could be used to produce the phased array.

  • We aim to use this demonstrator as a tool with which we can assess

    • Signal processing

    • Front-end designs

    • Temperature stabilisation / cooling strategies

    • Manufacturing and assembly techniques

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


2 pad infrastructure

On-site materials testing should be carried out to verify that the array configuration that the materials we are using in our designs will suffer no unexpected problems once it is in desert conditions.

2nd SKADS Workshop – Observatoire de Paris


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