What do you think is happening and why?
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What do you think is happening and why?. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=waRwJZFoJmw. Who were the Chartists?. By the end of today's lesson you should:. Be able to explain what the Chartists were campaigning for.

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What do you think is happening and why?

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What do you think is happening and why

What do you think is happening and why?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=waRwJZFoJmw


What do you think is happening and why

Who were the Chartists?


What do you think is happening and why

By the end of today's lesson you should:

  • Be able to explain what the Chartists were campaigning for.

  • Understand the difference between a Moral force Chartist and a Physical Force Chartist.

  • Analyse why Chartists were considered a threat.


What do you think is happening and why

Who were the Chartists?

Between 1831 and 1832 there were a series of riots aimed at giving men the vote. These were known as the reform Riots. Middle and working class men came together to fight for their right to vote. In June 1832 the Reform Act was passed. It gave the vote to most middle class men but ignored the working classes – Many working class men felt betrayed!

What would happen next?


What do you think is happening and why

In 1836 a group of working class men got together and produced a list of six demands. These demands became known as...

The People's Charter


What do you think is happening and why

The People's Charter 1836

  • A vote for every man over 21 years of age, of sound mind, and not being punished for a crime

  • MPs should be paid a salary

  • Votes should be made using a BALLOT

  • Equal Constituencies

  • A man should not have to own property to become an MP

  • Annual Parliaments


What do you think is happening and why

The first petition - 1839

By May 1839 over one-and-a-quarter million people had signed the petition. The petition was taken to London. Parliament

rejects it by a vote

of 235 to 46. This led

to a rising in Newport

South Wales. 22

Chartists were killed.


What do you think is happening and why

The second petition - 1842

In 1842 there was widespread unemployment, poverty and hunger. More people began supporting the Chartists. Three-and-a-quarter million people sign the second petition. Parliament rejects the petition by 287 votes to 49. This led to strikes and riots. These strikes became known and the Plug Plots

(Plug Plot, Preston 1842)


What do you think is happening and why

The Third petition - 1848

The Chartists planned to meet on Kennington Common in London. They hoped that 500,000 people would come and march on Parliament. The government was worried and prepared troops and Special Constables. One the end only 20,000 Chartists turned up!

Parliament rejected the charter for the third time by 222 votes to 17.

CHARTISM WAS NEVER THE SAME AGAIN!


What do you think is happening and why

The Third petition - 1848

The Chartists planned to meet on Kennington Common in London. They hoped that 500,000 people would come and march on Parliament. The government was worried and prepared troops and Special Constables. One the end only 20,000 Chartists turned up!

Parliament rejected the charter for the third time by 222 votes to 17.

CHARTISM WAS NEVER THE SAME AGAIN!


What do you think is happening and why

What did people think

about the Chartists?


What do you think is happening and why

Why were Chartists

considered a threat?


What do you think is happening and why

The People's Charter 1836

  • A vote for every man over 21 years of age, of sound mind, and not being punished for a crime

  • MPs should be paid a salary

  • Votes should be made using a BALLOT

  • Equal Constituencies

  • A man should not have to own property to become an MP

  • Annual Parliaments


What do you think is happening and why

Song Challenge

Chartists encouraged each other by singing songs. These songs were a way of building up their courage and of spreading the Chartist message. The two songs below show how strongly the Chartists felt, and that not all Chartists held the same beliefs. One is a ‘Moral Force’ Chartist song, the other a ‘Physical Force’ Chartist song.

Song One

  • Highlight all of the words in song one which suggest violence

  • Would this song have been sung by a Moral Force Chartist or by a Physical Force Chartist?

‘In tyrant’s blood baptize your sons and every villain slaughter.

By pike and sword your freedom try to gain

Or make one bloody Moscow of old England’s plain.’

Song Two

  • Although this verse begins with ‘Cannon balls may aid’ it does not support violence. What does this verse mean?

‘Cannon balls may aid the truth

But thought’s a weapon stronger

We’ll win battle by its aid –

Wait a little longer

Would this song have been sung by a Moral Force Chartist or by a Physical Force Chartist?


What do you think is happening and why

Cartoon Challenge

  • List all the ways in which the cartoon makes fun of the Chartists

  • Why would this cartoon have been very damaging for the Chartists?

This cartoon appeared in Punch in 1848. It is not trying to show a real Chartist procession. It is poking fun at the Chartists because many of the signatures on the third petition were forged. Some Chartists even forged the signatures of Queen Victoria and the Duke of Wellington! ‘Pugnose’ and ‘Longnose’ were two of the made-up signatures.


What do you think is happening and why

William Cuffay was one of the Chartist leaders. He was born in 1788 on a ship coming to England from the West Indies. His father was a slave born on the island of St Kitts. William grew up to be a tailor, and became interested in politics. In 1840 he was chosen to be a delegate to the Chartists Metropolitan Delegate Council. He was a physical force chartist. In 1848 he was put on trial for plotting to set fire to buildings in London. He was sentenced to be transported to Tasmania.

William Cuffay

My Lords, you ought not to sentence me. This has not been a fair trial. My request to have a jury of my equals was not granted. The next reason that I ought not to be sentenced is the great prejudice that has been raised against me. Everybody that hears me is convinced that almost all of the newspapers of this country, and even other countries, have been raising a prejudice against me. I have been taunted by the press, and it has smothered me with ridicule. It has done everything in its power to crush me.

I crave no pity. I ask no mercy. As I have been an important character in the Chartist movement, I laid myself out for something of this sort from the start. But a great many men of good moral character are now suffering in prison only for arguing the good cause of the Charter. However, I do not despair of its being carried out.

  • What do you think William Cuffay meant when he said he had been ‘taunted by the press’?

  • Why do you think that there was so much prejudice against Cuffay?

Part of the speech made by William Cuffay in court before he was sentenced to transportation:


What do you think is happening and why

Lady Palmerston

This source was written by Lady Palmerston, wife of the Foreign Secretary. In this extract from her diary she describes what happened in 1848:

  • Highlight all of the words or phrases from this source which show that Lady Palmerston was frightened of the Chartists.

The Admiralty and all the offices were garrisoned and provisioned as if for a siege, cannon placed on the bridges and the Duke of Wellington’s arrangements beautifully made. There was great alarm in all quarters, uncertainty of what number might come in from the manufacturing districts, and the very great number of foreigners in the country. Two hundred thousand Special Constables were sworn in, and, all higgledy piggeldy, peers and commons, servants, workmen, and all kinds of people. It was thought the people from Kennington Common were going to force their way into the Houses of Parliament and there were frightful reports of these people being armed with guns and pikes and pistols and daggers and knives. But when the Chartists found their own numbers so very short of what they expected, and no sympathy from the middle classes, or soldiers, they gave up all hopes of revolution.

  • How do you think that reports of Chartist activities sometimes became exaggerated or inaccurate?


What do you think is happening and why

This letter was written by William Corah to his father on 18 August 1842:

  • Which of these words and phrases best describes the mood of William Corah:

  • Very determined

  • Couldn’t care less

  • Angry

  • Excited

  • What does the writer of the letter want to happen?

Dear Father

“Spread the Charter through the land.

Let Britons bold and brave join in hand.”

I write you these lines from the point of death. I must now inform you of the state of our town. We have had meetings every night this week. They assembled at night to the tune of 20,000 men or upwards and swore that by the ghost of many a murdered Englishman and Englishwoman, they would not stop until the People’s Charter becomes the Charter of the land.


What do you think is happening and why

The People's Charter 1836


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