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Quality Entails Access. Michael Cooper European Access Network. Structure: Points of departure Defining access and quality The importance of access Potential incompatibility with quality Examples of good practice Conclusions. Access has a positive effect on quality.

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quality entails access

Quality Entails Access

Michael Cooper

European Access Network

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide2
Structure:
  • Points of departure
  • Defining access and quality
  • The importance of access
  • Potential incompatibility with quality
  • Examples of good practice
  • Conclusions

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide4

Access has a positive effect on quality

Access has a negative effect on quality

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide5

What do we mean by access and

why are we interested in it?

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide6

What do we mean by access and

why are we interested in it?

- Providing an opportunity for all groups to complete appropriate and relevant higher education

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide7

Why access?

  • There are three arguments:
  • Intellectual – diversity of ideas
  • Moral – the idea of an egalitarian society
  • Pragmatic – good for business

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide8

What do we mean by quality?

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide9

What do we mean by quality?

- Quality is always relative to something.

Students, staff, curricula, institutions are always measured against a norm.

Thus quality involves standards, either perceived or imagined. Sometimes it is simply in the eye of the beholder.

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide10

Access v quality

Why do some claim that the two are incompatible?

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Access v quality

Why do some claim that the two are incompatible?

- Access means alternative admission requirements, lower standards, more academic support, longer study periods

Michael Cooper - SPACE

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Result:

  • - Perception of an erosion of quality
  • - Reputation suffers
  • Ranking level drops
  • Institution attracts fewer students
  • Institution loses income

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide13

Is this true?

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide14

Is this true?

  • - Quality becomes ranking

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Is this true?

  • Quality becomes ranking
  • Reputation becomes a stand-in for excellence

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Is this true?

  • Quality becomes ranking
  • Reputation becomes a stand-in for excellence
  • The ranking system becomes the standard

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slide17

Two false assumptions:

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide18

Two false assumptions:

  • - There is no distinction between entry quality and exit quality

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slide19

Two false assumptions:

  • There is no distinction between entry quality and exit quality
  • - One ranking system fits all.

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slide20

U-Multirank: Multi-dimensional Global ranking of Universities;a feasibility project

http://www.u-multirank.eu/

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slide21

Access

In, through and out

Some examples of good practice

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slide22

In – Outreach activities (1)

A question of attitude – also of language

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slide23

In – Outreach activities (2)

  • Primary School Children:
  • University of Liverpool, UK – Professor Fluffy (www.liv.ac.uk/educational-opportunities)
  • European Children’s University Network (http://eucu.net)

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In – Outreach activities (3)

  • Primary School Children:
  • Student mentoring – Nightingale Project at Malmö University, Sweden
  • (www.mah.se/naktergalen)

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide25

In – Outreach activities (4)

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

One example of many – Open University of the Netherlands

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In – Outreach activities (5)

  • Targeting specific groups
  • Providing Educational Opportunities for
  • New Communities – Glyndŵr University, Wales (www.glyndwr.ac.uk)

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slide27

Through – Retention (1)

It is not enough merely to admit the students into the institution

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slide28

Through – Retention (2)

  • Curriculum – Content and Structure
  • Bridging and foundation programmes
  • - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (www.vu.nl)

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slide29

Through – Retention (3)

  • Curriculum – Content and Structure
  • Practice-based learning – University of South Australia (www.unisa.edu.au)
  • WACE – World Association for Cooperative Education (www.waceinc.org)

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide30

Through – Retention (4)

  • Support Services
  • Language and communication training – Oslo University College (www.hio.no)

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slide31

Through – Retention (5)

  • Staff training
  • Preparing academics to meet different types of students – Technische Universität Berlin (www.tu-berlin.de/zek)

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide32

Out - Employability (1)

Employability depends on what you know

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slide33

Out - Employability (2)

Employability depends on what you know

but also on who you are

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Out - Employability (3)

Partnerships and work placements as a pathway to employment – Södertörn University, Stockholm (http://webappl.web.sh.se/)

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide35

What does this really mean?

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slide36

It means working in various ways to:

- Develop and maintain a proactive approach to the community

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It means working in various ways to:

  • Develop and maintain a proactive approach to the community
  • - Change the culture of the campus and university

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slide38

It means working in various ways to:

  • Develop and maintain a proactive approach to the community
  • - Change the culture of the campus and university
  • - Provide academic and social services adapted the needs of the students

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide39

It means working in various ways to:

  • Develop and maintain a proactive approach to the community
  • - Change the culture of the campus and university
  • Provide academic and social services adapted the needs of the students
  • - Provide students with the guidance needed to access the labour market

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide40

In other words, we need to change the mission of the university to incorporate a social dimension in everything it does in recruitment, teaching, student support, research, cooperation with the community, career guidance etc

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide41

And the hindrances to achieving this:

- Attitudes in:

- Politicians

- Academics

- The community

- The market

- Lack of resources

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slide42

Higher education is a public good of value to the community, the individual and the educational institution.

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide43

For further information:

www.ean-edu.org

[email protected]

Michael Cooper - SPACE

slide44

Thank You

Michael Cooper - SPACE

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