Planting the seed of nationhood 1815 1855
Download
1 / 16

Planting the Seed of Nationhood 1815-1855 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 263 Views
  • Uploaded on

Planting the Seed of Nationhood 1815-1855. Why were some events in Canada’s history key in allowing us to become a nation?. Who occupied each colony in Upper and Lower Canada. Lower Canada Population increased from: 250 000 in 1806 to 717 000 in 1841

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Planting the Seed of Nationhood 1815-1855' - teryl


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Planting the seed of nationhood 1815 1855

Planting the Seed of Nationhood 1815-1855

Why were some events in Canada’s history key in allowing us to become a nation?


Who occupied each colony in upper and lower canada
Who occupied each colony in Upper and Lower Canada

Lower Canada

  • Population increased from: 250 000 in 1806 to 717 000 in 1841

  • Very high Birthrates among French speaking population

  • In addition British and American immigrants settled the eastern townships that had been set aside for English speaking farmers

    Upper Canada

  • Before 1812 loyalists settled upper Canada

  • After 1812 a wave of settlers from great Brittan took their place

  • Population Increased from: 71 000 in 1806 to 432 000 in 1841

  • 1815 the population was 80% American born

  • 1841 almost 50% British immigrants


Upper and lower canada
Upper and Lower Canada

Life in Lower Canada

  • Male ruling society

  • 3 major groups- French Speaking Habitants, French Speaking Professional Men, and English Speaking Merchants

  • The French scared of Adapting to the English way of life

  • Merchants were newcomers of lower Canada

  • Wanted roads, and harbours-paid from government taxes

  • Professional Men well educated, wanted to lead the colonies

  • Saw British as cultural threat formed a party called “ parti canadiens”


3 main groups

  • French Speaking Habitants (Tenant Farmers) – Main Concern: Scarcity of Land, Poverty, Fear of English Speaking new comers

  • English Speaking Merchants (Rich, Powerful) – Main Concern: Infrastructure

  • French Speaking Professional Men (Newest “Group”) – Separate French/ Canadian nation

    Life in Upper Canada

    Daily Life in Upper Canada

  • More fields were cleared in Upper Canada

  • Villages began to grow in places that were not convenient for farmers

    Kingston

  • Developed as a British military for lake Ontario

  • Was the largest and most important town in Upper Canada for many years

    York

  • Queen’s rangers began clearing land to build a fort in 1793

  • In 1834, it was renamed Toronto


Services in the Towns

  • By the 1840’s cities were installing sewer systems

  • In the 1820’s and 1830’s started to establish volunteer fire departments

    Transportation

  • Walking was often the safest and fastest way to get around

  • Unpaved streets in towns were unpaved streets turned to mud

    Louis-Joseph Papineau

  • Strong supporter of the old French order in Lower Canada

  • Served as a officer in the military defending British North America during the war of 1812

  • Elected to be in the legislative assembly of Lower Canada in 1809

  • Leader of Parti Candien


Government of upper and lower canada
Government of Upper and Lower Canada

Government of Lower Canada

  • Established by Constitutional act in 1791

  • Power limited by governors and councils

  • Members of legislative councils were voted in for life

  • English concerns were usually different from French concerns

  • The group which the most power was Chateau Clique

  • Believed that power should be in hands of a few capable people

  • Wanted the Roman Catholic church to stay power

    Government of Upper Canada

  • In 1830 government remained the same as the constitutional act in 1791

  • Two political groups the Torries and the Reformers

  • Appointed Legislative council to Executive council

  • Elected the Legislative Assembly


The unrest in lower canada
The Unrest in Lower Canada

  • French and English speaking merchants wanted different things for lower Canada

  • Merchants wanted to improve roads, canals and harbours

  • Immigration caused problems

  • Chateau Clique was encouraging immigration from great Britain

  • In 1832 and immigrant ship brought a deadly disease, cholera

  • The disease 5500 victims


The armed rebellion in upper and lower canada
The armed Rebellion in Upper and Lower Canada

Lower Canada

  • An armed conflict between lower Canada and the British Colonial, power of that province

  • The political leader was Joseph Papinea

  • The Canadians were ready to fight on November 1837

  • British troops charged and the Rebellions lost

  • The largest battle was held at St. Eustach on December 14, 1837

  • The Rebel leader, Dr. J.Q. Chenier along with rebels died

  • The British robbed and burned their village

    Upper Canada

  • Rebellion against the British colonial government in 1837 and 1838

  • After the war of 1812 family compact owned most land “Crown Reserves” and “Protestant Clergy”

  • The lower Canada broke out in autumn 1837 Bond Head sent all British troops to help suppress it

  • Short Fight (less than 30 minutes) the battle finished and the rebel forces retreated

  • 1860’s former rebels compensated by the Canadian government


Family compact
Family Compact

  • Upper Canada has an elite called Family Compact

  • Was a small group of powerful people in the colony of upper Canada

  • Along with friends and supporters were know as Tories

  • Did not want Americans to be part of the government in Upper Canada

  • Defended tradition (The things that had always been done) and opposed change

  • Believed power should be in the hands of a few capable people (themselves)

  • Believed the church of England should be powerful in the colony

  • Were loyal to great Brittan and the British government

  • They had power to stop any laws passed by the legislative assembly

  • Most Family Compact members were British immigrants who arrived before the 1800’s


The reformers
The Reformers

What did they oppose?

  • Opposed the power of the Family Compact

  • Wanted changes in government and society of Upper Canada

  • Divided into moderate and radical groups

  • Included some radicals who later became rebels

  • Robert Gurley (1778-1863) arrived in Upper Canada in 1817

  • His plan was to bring poor people to farm in New Britain

  • He sent a questionnaire famers to see hoe their progress was

  • He also asked them to name thing that prevented in their towns

  • He criticized Family Compact


Aftermath of the rebellion
Aftermath of the Rebellion

  • Upper Canada was very short and disorganized

  • London government was concerned about Rebellion

  • Bond Head was recalled in 1837 he was replaced with Sir George Arthur

  • Lord Durham assigned to report grievances among the colonists and find a way to appease them

  • Lord Durham’s report led to the union of Upper and Lower Canada into the province of Canada in 1840


Lord durham s report
Lord Durham’s Report

Two Major recommendations in his report are:

  • The two colonies should become one called the United Province of Canada

  • The United Colony should have a responsible government

  • The British imperial poers(?) should be sent out in writing. All other legal poer(?)

  • Would be handled by the colonies Executive council and would be advised

  • The governor stayed neutral but signed things by the executive council

  • The executive council was not picked from the government but was chosen by leaders of other groups (legislative assembly) this is called “Responsible government”

  • Members of the executive council would stay in the council if half of the legislative assembly supports them

    Personal Information

  • 1792-1840

  • Arrived in Quebec city as a governor general of British north America in 1838

  • Interested in education the poor


The act of union 1841
The Act of Union (1841)

  • Since the Rebellion wanted a better and responsible government British passed a law called the Act of Union

  • British government acted on one of Lord Durham’s recommendations

  • The act of union joined in Upper and Lower Canada as the united province

  • The two aims of the British were to control the two colonies of Canada into one and give the English people control of the newly named colony and to have a new colony with a responsible government

  • They also established English as the official language of government


References
References

ec.europa.eu/education/img/flags/canada.gif

www.collectionscanada.ca/obj/h2/f1/nlc006838-v6.jpg

upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Canada_upper_lower_map.PNG/800px-Canada_upper_lower_map.

PNGcanadawiki.org/images/d/d5/Simcoeuppercanada.jpg

www.cmhg.gc.ca/.../med/v2_c4_s17_ss04_01.jpg

www.rootsweb.com/~srgp/director/gleason.jpg

www.westminster.gov.uk/.../celebrating21.jpg

homepages.ius.edu/raastron/Pics/farmers.jpg

www.lbpsb.qc.ca/~history/m4u3l1.htm

www.freewebs.com/.../whatwaslowercanada.htm

www.joyceimages.com/images/Bank%20Royal%20Visit.JPG


Assignment

DO NOT ANSWER THEM YET!!

Assignment

  • Copy down the following questions:

    • What was the Act of Union and how did it help to unite the Canadas?

    • Who was Lord Durham? Why is he significant in Canadian History? How did his report help form the identity and culture of Canada?

    • Why was their unrest in Upper and Lower Canada? How did this unrest lead to the Rebellions of 1837-38?

    • What was the government in Upper Canada? What was the government in Lower Canada? Were they similar? Different? How so?


Jig saw
JIG SAW

START THIS WAY

THEN THIS WAY


ad