Policies for Sustainable Biofuels Development in the United States. Jeff Skeer, Office of Policy and International Affairs U.S. Department of Energy German Marshall Fund Washington, DC, 22 February 2008. Renewable Fuels Standard Enacted: Focus on 2d Generation Feedstocks.
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Policies for Sustainable Biofuels Development in the United States
Jeff Skeer, Office of Policy and International Affairs
U.S. Department of Energy
German Marshall Fund
Washington, DC, 22 February 2008
Year Billions of Gallons of Fuel Per Year
20 in 10 Proposal Enacted 12/2007
(Alternative Fuels)(Biofuels Only)
Of Which Non Starch Ethanol Biofuels:
Twenty in Ten Proposal
Enacted December 2007l
Annual Energy Outlook 2007
DOE’s Biomass Program is committed to developing the resources, technologies, and systems needed for biofuels to grow in a way that enhances the health of our environment and protects our planet. To that end, we are working to…
Sources: Wang et al, Environ. Research Letters, May 2007; Wang et al, Life-Cycle Energy Use and GHG Implications of Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Simulated with GREET Model, Dec. 2007.
Future efforts address obstacles to biochemical and thermochemical routes to biofuels, support demonstrations, and resolve infrastructure issues.
Overcoming Barriers to Commercial 2d Generation BIofuels
Minimum Ethanol Selling Price (cents/gal)
Cellulosic Ethanol Potential and Status
Historical and Projected Cellulosic Ethanol Costs
Cellulosic ethanol cost competitiveness and sustainability attributes are key to biofuels growth potential
Modeled Ethanol Cost for “nth Plant”
NREL Modeled Cost
Major reductions in the cost of cellulosic ethanol
already achieved – much remains to be done
DOE Leverages Partnerships to Achieve Cost Reduction Goals
Major DOE Biofuels Project Locations
Geographic, Feedstock, and Technology Diversity
1. Review existing methodologies;
2. Develop a harmonised approach so GHG lifecycle assessments can be compared on an equivalent basis;
3Encompass the full well-to-wheel lifecycle of transport biofuels;
4Not indicate a preference for any particular existing methodology or feedstock, or to limit parameters; and
5Define parameters and inputs to be considered when conducting a LCA and develop a good practice document.
Attendance at first meeting included: