The foot
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The Foot PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Foot. Foot Foot Foot Foot Foot Foot. Bones. Tarsals (7) Metatarsals (5) Phalanges (14) Joints 38. Arches. Key to the foots function Arches absorb shock. The four Arches. Transverse Metatarsal Inner Longitudinal Arch Medial Outer Longitudinal Arch Lateral. Injuries.

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The Foot

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The foot

The Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot

  • Foot


Bones

Bones

  • Tarsals (7)

  • Metatarsals (5)

  • Phalanges (14)

  • Joints

  • 38


Arches

Arches

  • Key to the foots function

  • Arches absorb shock


The four arches

The four Arches

  • Transverse

  • Metatarsal

  • Inner Longitudinal Arch

    • Medial

  • Outer Longitudinal Arch

    • Lateral


Injuries

Injuries

  • Blisters

  • Contusions

  • Sprains

  • Strains

  • Fractures


Blisters

Blisters

  • Definition

    • Occur on the feet

    • Skin rubs together causing a separation

    • Fills with fluid

    • Puts pressure on the nerve endings


Prevention

Prevention

  • Proper fitting shoes

  • Break in shoes gradually

  • Powder or lubricant to reduce friction

  • Wearing two pairs of socks

  • Protective padding when necessary

  • Remove excess calluses

  • Heed warnings of hot spots


Treatment

Treatment

  • Clean with soap and water

  • Apply a donut pad

  • Apply antiseptic

  • If blisters are too large slice where dead skin and live skin meet

  • Leave the skin in place and prevent infection


Open blisters

Open Blisters

  • Clean and disinfect

  • Cut off loose edges

  • Apply antiseptic

  • Donut pad


Arch sprain

Arch sprain

  • Arch contributes to balance, movement, support and sock absorption

  • Ligaments becomes stretched failing to hold the bones in proper place

  • The arches must be able to withstand up to three times a persons body weight while running and jumping


Heel bruise contusion

Heel Bruise (Contusion)

  • Heel and Arch receives, absorbs and transfers most of the impact

  • Heel bruise is one of the most disabling contusions


Treatment1

Treatment

  • The athlete may not be able to bear weight

  • RICE for 24 hrs

  • Warm whirlpool and/or ultrasound

  • Heel cup or doughnut pad


Cause

Cause

  • Overuse

  • Overweight

  • Fatigue

  • Training on hard surfaces

  • Improper shoe support


Foot sprain

Foot Sprain

  • Midfoot

  • Forefoot

  • Excessive dorsiflexion or plantar flexion


Treatment2

Treatment

  • RICE

  • Limitation of weight bearing


Turf toe

Turf Toe

  • The great toe is important in movement, balance and speed.

  • Force applied extending the joint beyond it’s normal range of motion

  • Cause

    • Foot sliding back on a slippery surface

    • Hyperextension of the joint (kicking or running)

  • Treatment

    • RICE


Plantar fasciitis cause

Plantar Fasciitis (Cause)

  • Occur early in the season

  • Improper running

  • Overuse

  • Improper shoe support

  • Tight Achilles

  • Running on hard surface


Plantar fasciitis signs treatment

Plantar Fasciitis (Signs & Treatment)

  • Relieved by non-weight bearing

  • Point tenderness on palpation of plantar aponeurosis

  • Heel doughnut, heel lift, stiff shank


Heel spur

Heel Spur

  • Boney Growth on Calcaneus

  • Cause

    • Flat Feet


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