Chapter 2 / Section 3. The Egyptian Empire. The Middle Kingdoms (pgs. 59-67). About 2300 B.C., pharaohs lost control of Egypt due to nobles fighting over power. Finally, a new dynasty of pharaohs came to power and moved the capital south, from Memphis to Thebes ( theebz ).
The Egyptian Empire
time of stability, prosperity, and
- captured Nubia to the south
- attacked what is now Syria
- more waterways and dams
- increased amount of farmed land
- built canal between Nile River and Red Sea
* aggressive wars of conquest
* empire grew rich from trade and tribute
*enslaved many prisoners of war
British archaeologist found his tomb in 1922.
- Kush (760 B.C.)
- Assyrians (670 B.C.)