The Islamic Faith. Creation and Basic Beliefs. Founder: Muhammad Location: Mecca Date: ~613 Deity: Allah Holy Book: Qur'an. The Basics: Islamic Faith. 625-630 CE: Through conquest, Muhammad begins to build an empire, returning to Mecca in 630 Muhammad (Hajj).
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The Islamic Faith
Creation and Basic Beliefs
625-630 CE: Through conquest, Muhammad begins to build an empire, returning to Mecca in 630 Muhammad
595-609 CE: Muhammad married Khadija, a wealthy Meccanwidow. They had two sons (who died) and four daughters
613 CE: Muhammad takes the message of Allah public
570 CE: Muhammad is born
622 CE: Muhammad & the Muslims fleeto Medina (Hijrah)
632 CE: Muhammad pilgrimaged to Mecca one last time. Thousands of followers went with him. He died in June of 632.
580-594 CE: During his teens, Muhammad worked as a shepherd and traveled with merchant Abu Talib
610 CE: Muhammad receives his first revelation from Allah.
“They would accept a creed on absolute authority and recite it daily: Allahu Akbar, La Ila ha alla ‘allahu. Muhammad rasula ‘llah. “God is great. I testify that there is no God but Allah. I testify that Muhammad is the apostle of God.” They would [complete] the Five Duties: Recital of the creed, [daily] recital of the set prayers, the fast of Ramadan, almsgiving, and the pilgrimage (or Hajj) to Mecca. They would fight courageously for the victorious faith and die for it, like brave soldiers, the world over. They would avoid certain sins and submit to certain limitations on conduct, such as the avoidance of alcoholic drink or the flesh of the pig.” – excerpt, Religions of the World Made Simple, p. 86
A Muslim group that accepts only the descendants of Muhammad’s son-in-law Ali as the true rulers of Islam.
Shia vs Sunni
Catholic vs. Orthodox