Reminders
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Reminders. Exam II on April 8 (NOT APRIL 3!!!) Activity 2 due Thursday (3/30). Review. What is program music? What is absolute music? Program music was considered progressive, absolute music conservative. What is the story of Berlioz’s Symphony fantastique?

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Reminders

Reminders

  • Exam II on April 8 (NOT APRIL 3!!!)

  • Activity 2 due Thursday (3/30)


Review

Review

  • What is program music?

  • What is absolute music?

  • Program music was considered progressive, absolute music conservative.

  • What is the story of Berlioz’s Symphony fantastique?

  • What do the two movements we listened to depict?


Review1

Review

  • What is the idée fixe? The Dies irae?

  • What are some of the musical differences between classical and Romantic music?


Smetana and nationalism

Smetana and Nationalism

  • Bedrich Smetana (1824-84)

  • Founder of Czech national school of music

  • A Bohemian born composer who was caught up in the political movement for independence from Austria

  • Ties into a larger tend of nationalism everywhere


Smetana and nationalism1

Smetana and Nationalism

  • 8 operas in the Czech language

  • Dance music

  • Programmatic works, depicting aspects of his homeland


Smetana s ma vlast

Smetana's Ma Vlast

  • Means “My Fatherland”

  • a series of 6 symphonic poems

  • Definition of Symphonic poem (also called tone poem)

  • a new genre

  • a single movement orchestral work

  • Based on an extramusical program


The moldau

The Moldau

  • A symphonic poem from Ma Vlast

  • Named after a river in Bohemia

  • Story of the tone poem is about different parts of Bohemia as the river as it flows through it


The moldau1

The Moldau

  • Some things represented in music...-bubbling brook (source of the river-The mighty stream: broad expansive melodies-Hunting scene: brass fanfares


The moldau2

The Moldau

  • -Peasant dance: polka-like dance rhythms-Nymphs in the moonlight: special instrumental effects, high strings, harp etc.-St. John rapids: agitated, frantic music


The moldau3

The Moldau

  • -Largest part of the River: exuberant triumphant music-Castle Vysehrad: hymn-like, triumphant section-River flows on, fading away


The romantic symphony

The Romantic symphony

  • More conservative composers still writing absolute music...

  • Four-(or more) movements in traditional forms: sonata allergo, scherzo-trio, etc.


Antonin dvorak 1841 1904

Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904)

  • A Bohemian (Czech) composer

  • Wrote both program music and absolute music

  • Wrote music in the character of Czech folk melodies (a nationalistic thing)

  • Spent some time in the US…

  • And encouraged US composers to use their own folk music


Antonin dvorak 1841 19041

Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904)

  • Americans followed European models

  • Dvorak: the best folk material for Americans was African-American music

  • He had African-American students and learned spirituals from them


Dvorak new world symphony

Dvorak: New World Symphony

  • Written in the US

  • Standard 4-movement symphony, with traditional forms

  • Loosely based on Longfellow’s Song of Hiawatha

  • melody of slow movement has the character of an African-American spiritual (Goin’ Home)


Johannes brahms

Johannes Brahms

  • Known for being a more conservative composer…

  • Because he wrote in traditional forms...

  • And most works don’t have programmatic titles


Johannes brahms1

Johannes Brahms

  • Wrote 4 symphonies

  • Among the best known in the repertory

  • Wrote the first one at age 40 (afraid of the standard Beethoven set)


Johannes brahms2

Johannes Brahms

  • Symphony #3

  • Not on assigned listening

  • Uses sonata form

  • Development varies theme 1 and moves away from the tonic (main key0


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