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Reminders. Exam II on April 8 (NOT APRIL 3!!!) Activity 2 due Thursday (3/30). Review. What is program music? What is absolute music? Program music was considered progressive, absolute music conservative. What is the story of Berlioz’s Symphony fantastique?

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Presentation Transcript
reminders
Reminders
  • Exam II on April 8 (NOT APRIL 3!!!)
  • Activity 2 due Thursday (3/30)
review
Review
  • What is program music?
  • What is absolute music?
  • Program music was considered progressive, absolute music conservative.
  • What is the story of Berlioz’s Symphony fantastique?
  • What do the two movements we listened to depict?
review1
Review
  • What is the idée fixe? The Dies irae?
  • What are some of the musical differences between classical and Romantic music?
smetana and nationalism
Smetana and Nationalism
  • Bedrich Smetana (1824-84)
  • Founder of Czech national school of music
  • A Bohemian born composer who was caught up in the political movement for independence from Austria
  • Ties into a larger tend of nationalism everywhere
smetana and nationalism1
Smetana and Nationalism
  • 8 operas in the Czech language
  • Dance music
  • Programmatic works, depicting aspects of his homeland
smetana s ma vlast
Smetana\'s Ma Vlast
  • Means “My Fatherland”
  • a series of 6 symphonic poems
  • Definition of Symphonic poem (also called tone poem)
  • a new genre
  • a single movement orchestral work
  • Based on an extramusical program
the moldau
The Moldau
  • A symphonic poem from Ma Vlast
  • Named after a river in Bohemia
  • Story of the tone poem is about different parts of Bohemia as the river as it flows through it
the moldau1
The Moldau
  • Some things represented in music...-bubbling brook (source of the river-The mighty stream: broad expansive melodies-Hunting scene: brass fanfares
the moldau2
The Moldau
  • -Peasant dance: polka-like dance rhythms-Nymphs in the moonlight: special instrumental effects, high strings, harp etc.-St. John rapids: agitated, frantic music
the moldau3
The Moldau
  • -Largest part of the River: exuberant triumphant music-Castle Vysehrad: hymn-like, triumphant section-River flows on, fading away
the romantic symphony
The Romantic symphony
  • More conservative composers still writing absolute music...
  • Four-(or more) movements in traditional forms: sonata allergo, scherzo-trio, etc.
antonin dvorak 1841 1904
Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904)
  • A Bohemian (Czech) composer
  • Wrote both program music and absolute music
  • Wrote music in the character of Czech folk melodies (a nationalistic thing)
  • Spent some time in the US…
  • And encouraged US composers to use their own folk music
antonin dvorak 1841 19041
Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904)
  • Americans followed European models
  • Dvorak: the best folk material for Americans was African-American music
  • He had African-American students and learned spirituals from them
dvorak new world symphony
Dvorak: New World Symphony
  • Written in the US
  • Standard 4-movement symphony, with traditional forms
  • Loosely based on Longfellow’s Song of Hiawatha
  • melody of slow movement has the character of an African-American spiritual (Goin’ Home)
johannes brahms
Johannes Brahms
  • Known for being a more conservative composer…
  • Because he wrote in traditional forms...
  • And most works don’t have programmatic titles
johannes brahms1
Johannes Brahms
  • Wrote 4 symphonies
  • Among the best known in the repertory
  • Wrote the first one at age 40 (afraid of the standard Beethoven set)
johannes brahms2
Johannes Brahms
  • Symphony #3
  • Not on assigned listening
  • Uses sonata form
  • Development varies theme 1 and moves away from the tonic (main key0
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