Changes in smoking habits among 11 17 years old adolescents
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1 Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Public Health 2 Eötvös Lóránd University, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Department of Personality and Health Psychology. Pénzes Melinda 1 melindapenzes @ gmail.com Mónok Kata 2 Balázs Péter 1.

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Changes in smoking habits among 11 17 years old adolescents

1Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Public Health

2Eötvös Lóránd University, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Department of Personality and Health Psychology

Pénzes Melinda1

melindapenzes@gmail.com

Mónok Kata2

Balázs Péter1

Changesinsmokinghabitsamong 11-17 years old adolescents


Background and Objectives

Estimated smoking prevalence among adolescents in Hungary

  • 23.2% - 13-15 years (GYTS 2008)

  • 39% - 15-24 years: (Eurobarometer 2009)

  • 17.9% and 17.6% - Grade 5th, 7th, 9th, 11th boys and girls (HBSC 2006)

  • 33% - 15-16 years (ESPAD 2007)

SMOKING

Changes in one-year period

Sociodemographics

age

grade

settlement

type of school

school achievement

Body perception

Weight concerns

Belief that smoking can control weight

Parental smoking

Smoker friends

Anti-smoking school program


Methods
Methods

  • Self-administered questionnaires – overlapping questions for Survey I and Survey II

  • Budapest and Debrecen, Győr, Miskolc, Pécs, Szeged

  • SPSS 17.0

  • Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, binary logistic regression

2009/2010 winter

2010/2011 winter

2011/ 2012 winter

actual position

Grade6th& 9th

Grade7th& 10th

Grade8th& 11th

Longitudinal study of body weight control and tobacco smoking among adolescents

This publication was made possible by Grant Number 1 R01 TW007927-01 from the Fogarty International Center, the National Cancer Institute, and the National Institutes on Drug Abuse, within the National Institutes of Health (NIH).  Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of the NIH.


Sample characteristics
Samplecharacteristics


Changes in smoking prevalence I.

Experimenters: tried smoking even one puff .

Current smokers: were smoking during the past 30 days.


Changes in smoking prevalence II.

Survey I – Categories of smokers by gender and school class

%

%




Interrelations between weight concerns and current smoking
Interrelations between weight concerns and current smoking

*p<0.05; **p<0.001


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Experimenters and current smokers prevalence 

    • girls

    • grade 9th  10th

  • Experimentation: 13 years old

  • Follow up sample

    • 11.4% became current smoker

    • 3.4 % quitted smoking

  • Main predictors of smoking experimentation

    • type of school, poorer school achievement, one parent smoking, more smoker friends

  • Current smokers

    • higher subjective BMI

    • no desire to lose weight

    • belief that smoking can decrease weight and appetite



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