Section 3 dissociative disorders
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Section 3: Dissociative Disorders. Dissociative Disorders. Dissociation – separation of certain personality components / mental processes from conscious thought Somewhat common Becomes a disorder when used to avoid stressful events or feelings Lose memory of an event, forget identity.

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Dissociative disorders
Dissociative Disorders

  • Dissociation – separation of certain personality components / mental processes from conscious thought

    • Somewhat common

    • Becomes a disorder when used to avoid stressful events or feelings

    • Lose memory of an event, forget identity


Amnesia
Amnesia

  • Sudden loss of memory, usually following traumatic event

  • Can’t remember anything surrounding event

  • May even forget identity

  • Memory returns as suddenly as it was lost

  • Wartime and natural disasters huge causes


Fugue
Fugue

  • Forgetting personal information and past events, but also relocating and taking on new identity

  • Usually follows traumatic event

  • May not appear to be ill at all

  • Eventually ends, can’t remember anything


Dissociative identity disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder

  • (multiple personality disorder)

  • Two or more personalities that may or may not be aware of one another

  • Different voice, facial expressions, handedness, age, gender, allergies, etc.

  • Usually severely abused as kid

  • Suffered severe physical sexual and or psychological abuse


Depersonalization disorder
Depersonalization Disorder

  • Feelings of detachment from one’s mental processes or body

  • Usually preceded by stressful event

  • Third most common complaint among psychiatric patients


Explaining dissociative disorders
Explaining Dissociative Disorders

  • Psychoanalytic theory – dissociate in order to repress unacceptable urges

  • Learning theorists – learned not to think about disturbing events in order to avoid feelings of guilt, shame, or pain



Overview of adhd
Overview of ADHD

  • Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder

  • Trouble focusing on task at hand

  • May be easily distracted

  • Causes problems at school (learning and social)

  • Most common reason kids are referred to mental health professional


Diagnosing adhd
Diagnosing ADHD

  • Usually young boys

  • Most common in USA

  • Ritalin (actually a stimulant) is most helpful drug

  • Pregnant mothers that smoke 3x more likely to have ADHD child

  • Side effects can be a problem

  • If not dealt with – problems in school, relationships, delinquent behavior, substance abuse, etc.


Autism
Autism

  • Early signs

    • Aloof and unresponsive babies

    • Attach to inanimate objects instead of family

    • Inappropriate speech

    • Unexplained tantrums

    • Difficult to feed

    • Don’t like being held or cuddled

    • Very little sensitivity to pain

    • Rarely maintain eye contact


Symptoms
Symptoms

  • Failure to develop normal communication patterns, social interactions, emotional responses

  • Strong and negative reaction to change

  • Few able to speak normally, many practice echolalia (repeating what has just been said)

  • May abuse themselves or repeat single hand motion for hours


Famous people rumored to have autism
Famous people Rumored to have Autism

  • Emily Dickenson

  • Mozart

  • Albert Einstein

  • Thomas Jefferson

  • Jane Austen

  • Vincent Van Gogh

  • Alexander graham bell

  • Bach

  • Beethoven

  • Leonardo Da Vinci

  • Thomas Edison

  • Isaac Newton

  • Michelangelo

  • Mark Twain


Who it affects
Who it affects

  • 1 in 88 kids born today

  • Usually boys

  • Kids regardless of parental styling (doesn’t mean autistic kids have bad parents)

  • Neurological problem – make up of brain is different

  • Possible link between autism and schizophrenia


Causes of autism
Causes of Autism

  • Mothers that

    • Don’t take pre-natal vitamins

    • Are obese

    • Are older when giving birth

  • Other possible causes:

    • Vaccines

    • Food allergies

    • Immune system deficiencies

    • Heredity

    • Premature birth

    • Environmental factors (pollutants, etc.)


Autistic savant
Autistic Savant

  • Extraordinary skill of some kind

  • Complicated numerical operations, musical talents, artistic ability, memory capability

  • A medical mystery


Asperger s
Asperger's

  • High functioning Autism

  • Difficulty with social situations & limited, repetitive behaviors

  • 1 in 500 kids

  • Literal thinking (difficulty noticing sarcasm)

  • Trouble reading body language and emotions

  • 3 to 4x more likely in boys

  • Many are highly intelligent

  • Behavior therapy can help, drugs to help anxiety


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