ID Card Projects
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ID Card Projects. Large Scale ID Projects Based on Biometrics (Specifically Fingerprint). Speaker: Hugues Gervais, VP, Business Development. Introduction. Subject: Large scale ID projects based on Biometrics (specifically Fingerprint) Technologies involved Major projects

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Id card projects

ID Card Projects

Large Scale ID Projects Based on Biometrics (Specifically Fingerprint)

Speaker: Hugues Gervais, VP, Business Development


Introduction

Introduction

Subject: Large scale ID projects based on Biometrics (specifically Fingerprint)

  • Technologies involved

  • Major projects

  • Benefits and Risks involved

  • Conclusion


A technologies

A. Technologies

Large scale ID projects involve the following technologies:

  • Biometrics (Fingerprint)

  • Cards

  • Biometrics Database (AFIS)

  • Face Database


Biometrics

Biometrics

  • Fingerprint

  • Face geometry

  • Retinal scan & Iris (eyes)

  • Others


Cards

Cards

  • Plastic Cards

  • Memory Cards

  • Smart Cards


Card materials

Card Materials

  • PVC : PolyVinylChloride

    • Cheaper (0.10$)

    • Less durable (< 3 years)

  • PETF : Polyester film

    • Expensive (0.25$)

    • More durable (5 to 10 years)

  • PC : PolyCarbonate

    • More expensive (1.00$)

    • More durable (> 10 years)

    • Used in Hong Kong, Macao and Finland National ID cards project

  • Note: CAC card is made of 40% PET and 60% PVC


Biometrics template storage

Biometrics Template Storage

  • 2D bar code

  • Smart Card

  • Optical Card


Smart card type

Smart Card Type

  • Contact

    • ISO-7816

    • 32 Kbytes to 64 Kbytes

    • Cryptographic capabilities (digital signature)

  • Contactless

    • 1 Kbytes to 4 Kbytes

    • Many standards


Contactless smart card

Contactless Smart Card

  • MIFARE ISO-14443 type A

  • ISO-14443 type B

  • ISO-15693 Vicinity

  • Hua Hong (China)

  • Legic

  • iClass (HID)


Smart card o s

Smart Card O/S

Multi-Applications require an Operating System on the card to handle and control all the applications

  • Java

  • Multos

  • Proprietary


Id card projects

AFIS

AFIS: Automated Fingerprint Identification System

  • Identification : one-to-many

  • Can locate duplicates

  • Storage of full size fingerprint images and allows template format changes

  • Suppliers: 123ID, Biokey, Cogent, Dermalog, Nec, Printrak, Sagem


Facial database

Facial Database

  • Identification : one-to-many

  • Can locate duplicates

  • Storage of full size facial pictures

  • Suppliers: Identix (Visionics), Viisage, others


Fingerprint template

Fingerprint Template

  • Minutiae Base

    • Cannot recreate a fingerprint image from the template

    • Standard for Law Enforcement for 100 years

  • Pattern Base

    • More Precise (better FAR)

    • But a fingerprint image can be recreated from the template


B government projects

B. Government Projects

  • Large Scale Deployment

  • Citizen

    • National ID

  • Government Employees

    • Military

    • Transportation


Government applications

Government Applications

Passport / VISA

Citizen ID andDriver’s License

Election Card

Social Security Card

Mass Transportation

Healthcare Card


Government applications1

Government Applications

Airports

Seaports

Nuclear & other Power Plants

Military ID


Citizen id projects

Citizen ID Projects

France

Morocco

USA

Hong Kong

Mexico

UAE

Malaysia

Brazil


Brunei

Brunei

  • Multi-Application Citizen card:

    • 0.3 millions cards issued

    • Smart card

      • Contact chip with 8 Kbytes

      • Digital certificates on the cards

      • 2 Fingerprint templates and photo ID stored in the card

    • Applications: Citizen ID


Malaysia

Malaysia

  • Government Multi-Purpose Card (GMPC):

    • Issued to every citizen over age 12

    • 19 million cards expected by 2008

    • Smart card

      • Contact chip with 32 Kbytes

      • Digital certificates on the cards

      • Fingerprint thumbprint and photo ID stored into the card

    • Applications: Citizen ID, Driver’s license and passport


Hong kong

Hong Kong

  • National ID Card:

    • Issued to every citizen over age 11

    • 7 million cards expected by 2007

    • Multos smart card

      • Contact chip with 32 Kbytes

      • Digital certificates on the cards

      • 2 Fingerprints templates and photo ID stored into the card

    • Applications: Citizen ID

    • Optional Applications: Driver’s license and e-purse


Macau

Macau

  • National ID Card:

    • 0.5 million cards expected by 2007

    • Java card

      • Contact chip with 32 Kbytes

      • Digital certificates on the cards

      • Fingerprint stored into the card

    • Applications: Citizen ID, Driver’s license and more


China

China

  • National ID Card:

    • Not started yet (has been delayed for years)

    • Will be issued to every citizen older than 16 years

    • Around 800 million cards expected

    • Might issue 70 million cards in 2004 !

    • Controlled by the Ministry of Public Security (MPS)

    • Application: ID only

    • Will use 4 Kbytes contactless

      • MIFARE, ISO-14443 type B or Hua Hong


Id card projects

ICAO

  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

    • May 28th 2003, adopted the integration of biometric identification information on Passports and Machine Readable Travel Documents (MRTD)

    • Facial recognition was selected as prime biometrics

    • Fingerprints and eyes can also be integrated (option)

    • They selected high-capacity, contactless integrated circuit (IC) chips to store identification information

    • 188 Member States with more than 700 million MRTD (Passport, Visa, Identity Card)


Id card projects

TWIC

  • Transportation Worker Identification Card (TWIC)

  • Controlled by Department of Homeland Security

  • Will be issued to 15 million transportation workers

  • US Transportation facilities:429 airports & 361 seaports

  • Technology evaluations are in process


Usvisit

USVISIT

  • USVISIT : US Visitor Immigration Status Indication Technology System

  • Control by the U.S. Homeland Security Agency

  • By October 2004, Visa Waiver (26 nations) Countries need to begin issuing passports carrying biometric data

  • Application: Border crossing (Visa)

  • Will incorporate features of the DoD CAC Card

    • Java Card

    • Three digital certificates

  • 2 chips

    • Contact chip of 64 Kbytes

    • Contactless (ISO-14443) chip for building access


Id card projects

DoD

  • US Department of Defense (DoD)

  • Called the Common Access Card (CAC)

  • Almost 2 million cards issued out of 4 million

  • Java Card with Contact chip, 32 Kbytes

    • Three digital certificates

    • Will include fingerprint template (Identix)

  • Plan to:

    • Expand memory to 64 Kbytes

    • Add contactless chip (ISO-14443)


Middle east

Middle-East

  • Oman (1.2 million cards)

    • Index fingerprint & photo

    • Citizens and residents 15 and over

    • Applications: Passport, Driver’s license, Medical data

    • Plan to add digital certificates

  • UAE: United Arab Emirate

    • Fingerprint stored on a 32 Kbytes Java Smart Card

    • Citizens and residents 15 and over

    • Applications: Passport, Driver’s license, Health & Banking

  • Saudi Arabia

    • Contract awarded soon

    • Fingerprint stored on a 32 Kbytes Multos Smart Card


Others

Others

  • Spain: Social Security Card with biometrics and smart card chip

  • Netherlands: Biometrics into passport by 2004

  • U.K. Asylum Seekers Card: Fingerprint and photo on a smart card chip

  • Mexico: Voter Registration


C benefits

C. Benefits

  • Improve National Security

  • Minimize paying services for non-residents


Risks

Risks

  • Large infrastructure and expensive

  • Influenced by Politics and Legislation

  • User acceptance and Privacy Law concerns

  • Case of Multi-Applications, creates power struggle between Government Agencies


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • But budgets are there

  • Security threats are here

  • New legislations are in place

  • These large scale projects generate momentum for other projects


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