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ID Card Projects. Large Scale ID Projects Based on Biometrics (Specifically Fingerprint). Speaker: Hugues Gervais, VP, Business Development. Introduction. Subject: Large scale ID projects based on Biometrics (specifically Fingerprint) Technologies involved Major projects

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slide1

ID Card Projects

Large Scale ID Projects Based on Biometrics (Specifically Fingerprint)

Speaker: Hugues Gervais, VP, Business Development

introduction
Introduction

Subject: Large scale ID projects based on Biometrics (specifically Fingerprint)

  • Technologies involved
  • Major projects
  • Benefits and Risks involved
  • Conclusion
a technologies
A. Technologies

Large scale ID projects involve the following technologies:

  • Biometrics (Fingerprint)
  • Cards
  • Biometrics Database (AFIS)
  • Face Database
biometrics
Biometrics
  • Fingerprint
  • Face geometry
  • Retinal scan & Iris (eyes)
  • Others
cards
Cards
  • Plastic Cards
  • Memory Cards
  • Smart Cards
card materials
Card Materials
  • PVC : PolyVinylChloride
    • Cheaper (0.10$)
    • Less durable (< 3 years)
  • PETF : Polyester film
    • Expensive (0.25$)
    • More durable (5 to 10 years)
  • PC : PolyCarbonate
    • More expensive (1.00$)
    • More durable (> 10 years)
    • Used in Hong Kong, Macao and Finland National ID cards project
  • Note: CAC card is made of 40% PET and 60% PVC
biometrics template storage
Biometrics Template Storage
  • 2D bar code
  • Smart Card
  • Optical Card
smart card type
Smart Card Type
  • Contact
    • ISO-7816
    • 32 Kbytes to 64 Kbytes
    • Cryptographic capabilities (digital signature)
  • Contactless
    • 1 Kbytes to 4 Kbytes
    • Many standards
contactless smart card
Contactless Smart Card
  • MIFARE ISO-14443 type A
  • ISO-14443 type B
  • ISO-15693 Vicinity
  • Hua Hong (China)
  • Legic
  • iClass (HID)
smart card o s
Smart Card O/S

Multi-Applications require an Operating System on the card to handle and control all the applications

  • Java
  • Multos
  • Proprietary
slide11
AFIS

AFIS: Automated Fingerprint Identification System

  • Identification : one-to-many
  • Can locate duplicates
  • Storage of full size fingerprint images and allows template format changes
  • Suppliers: 123ID, Biokey, Cogent, Dermalog, Nec, Printrak, Sagem
facial database
Facial Database
  • Identification : one-to-many
  • Can locate duplicates
  • Storage of full size facial pictures
  • Suppliers: Identix (Visionics), Viisage, others
fingerprint template
Fingerprint Template
  • Minutiae Base
    • Cannot recreate a fingerprint image from the template
    • Standard for Law Enforcement for 100 years
  • Pattern Base
    • More Precise (better FAR)
    • But a fingerprint image can be recreated from the template
b government projects
B. Government Projects
  • Large Scale Deployment
  • Citizen
    • National ID
  • Government Employees
    • Military
    • Transportation
government applications
Government Applications

Passport / VISA

Citizen ID andDriver’s License

Election Card

Social Security Card

Mass Transportation

Healthcare Card

government applications1
Government Applications

Airports

Seaports

Nuclear & other Power Plants

Military ID

citizen id projects
Citizen ID Projects

France

Morocco

USA

Hong Kong

Mexico

UAE

Malaysia

Brazil

brunei
Brunei
  • Multi-Application Citizen card:
    • 0.3 millions cards issued
    • Smart card
      • Contact chip with 8 Kbytes
      • Digital certificates on the cards
      • 2 Fingerprint templates and photo ID stored in the card
    • Applications: Citizen ID
malaysia
Malaysia
  • Government Multi-Purpose Card (GMPC):
    • Issued to every citizen over age 12
    • 19 million cards expected by 2008
    • Smart card
      • Contact chip with 32 Kbytes
      • Digital certificates on the cards
      • Fingerprint thumbprint and photo ID stored into the card
    • Applications: Citizen ID, Driver’s license and passport
hong kong
Hong Kong
  • National ID Card:
    • Issued to every citizen over age 11
    • 7 million cards expected by 2007
    • Multos smart card
      • Contact chip with 32 Kbytes
      • Digital certificates on the cards
      • 2 Fingerprints templates and photo ID stored into the card
    • Applications: Citizen ID
    • Optional Applications: Driver’s license and e-purse
macau
Macau
  • National ID Card:
    • 0.5 million cards expected by 2007
    • Java card
      • Contact chip with 32 Kbytes
      • Digital certificates on the cards
      • Fingerprint stored into the card
    • Applications: Citizen ID, Driver’s license and more
china
China
  • National ID Card:
    • Not started yet (has been delayed for years)
    • Will be issued to every citizen older than 16 years
    • Around 800 million cards expected
    • Might issue 70 million cards in 2004 !
    • Controlled by the Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
    • Application: ID only
    • Will use 4 Kbytes contactless
      • MIFARE, ISO-14443 type B or Hua Hong
slide23
ICAO
  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
    • May 28th 2003, adopted the integration of biometric identification information on Passports and Machine Readable Travel Documents (MRTD)
    • Facial recognition was selected as prime biometrics
    • Fingerprints and eyes can also be integrated (option)
    • They selected high-capacity, contactless integrated circuit (IC) chips to store identification information
    • 188 Member States with more than 700 million MRTD (Passport, Visa, Identity Card)
slide24
TWIC
  • Transportation Worker Identification Card (TWIC)
  • Controlled by Department of Homeland Security
  • Will be issued to 15 million transportation workers
  • US Transportation facilities:429 airports & 361 seaports
  • Technology evaluations are in process
usvisit
USVISIT
  • USVISIT : US Visitor Immigration Status Indication Technology System
  • Control by the U.S. Homeland Security Agency
  • By October 2004, Visa Waiver (26 nations) Countries need to begin issuing passports carrying biometric data
  • Application: Border crossing (Visa)
  • Will incorporate features of the DoD CAC Card
    • Java Card
    • Three digital certificates
  • 2 chips
    • Contact chip of 64 Kbytes
    • Contactless (ISO-14443) chip for building access
slide26
DoD
  • US Department of Defense (DoD)
  • Called the Common Access Card (CAC)
  • Almost 2 million cards issued out of 4 million
  • Java Card with Contact chip, 32 Kbytes
    • Three digital certificates
    • Will include fingerprint template (Identix)
  • Plan to:
    • Expand memory to 64 Kbytes
    • Add contactless chip (ISO-14443)
middle east
Middle-East
  • Oman (1.2 million cards)
    • Index fingerprint & photo
    • Citizens and residents 15 and over
    • Applications: Passport, Driver’s license, Medical data
    • Plan to add digital certificates
  • UAE: United Arab Emirate
    • Fingerprint stored on a 32 Kbytes Java Smart Card
    • Citizens and residents 15 and over
    • Applications: Passport, Driver’s license, Health & Banking
  • Saudi Arabia
    • Contract awarded soon
    • Fingerprint stored on a 32 Kbytes Multos Smart Card
others
Others
  • Spain: Social Security Card with biometrics and smart card chip
  • Netherlands: Biometrics into passport by 2004
  • U.K. Asylum Seekers Card: Fingerprint and photo on a smart card chip
  • Mexico: Voter Registration
c benefits
C. Benefits
  • Improve National Security
  • Minimize paying services for non-residents
risks
Risks
  • Large infrastructure and expensive
  • Influenced by Politics and Legislation
  • User acceptance and Privacy Law concerns
  • Case of Multi-Applications, creates power struggle between Government Agencies
conclusion
Conclusion
  • But budgets are there
  • Security threats are here
  • New legislations are in place
  • These large scale projects generate momentum for other projects
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