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Conditional Sentences ( General conditionals – facts ). (Type 0). Think about what happens in the following conditions. If you throw wood into water, … If you wash clothes in hot water, … If you drop a table-tennis ball onto the ground,… If you break anything in a shop, ….

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Conditional sentences general conditionals facts
Conditional Sentences (General conditionals –facts)

(Type 0)

  • Think about what happens in the following conditions.

  • If you throw wood into water, …

  • If you wash clothes in hot water, …

  • If you drop a table-tennis ball onto the ground,…

  • If you break anything in a shop, …

it floats

they become smaller.

it bounces.

you have to pay for it.

The above happenings are always or usually true. The results always take place in the situations.


Conditional sentences type 0 general conditionals always true
Conditional Sentences (Type 0)(General conditionals) – always true

  • If these two boys get together, they alwaysquarrel over something.

  • When these two boys get together, they always quarrel over something.

Present simple

Present simple


Conditional sentences possible situations
Conditional Sentences (possible situations)

(Type 1)

  • If we get too much homework, I will …

  • If my parents give me one hundred dollars this month, I will …

  • If I am too fat, I will…

  • If my friend gets into trouble, I will…

  • I will be rather disappointed if …

  • Will you help me if …?

Main clause can come first!!

The above happenings are possible. They may happen or not.


Conditional sentences possible situations may or may not happen
Conditional Sentences(possible situations) – may or may not happen

  • If they enjoy the trip, they will go there again.

_present simple__

_future simple___


Conditional sentences unreal future situations not likely to happen
Conditional Sentences (unreal future situations, not likely to happen)

(Type 2)

If I I was fit enough, I would take part in the Sports Day.

(simple past) (would+ infinitive)

You talk about something which is not real!!


The second 2nd conditional sentences unreal future situations not likely to happen
The Second (2nd) Conditional Sentences (unreal future situations, not likely to happen)

  • If I lived in a big house with lots of rooms, I would have an audio room for playing TV game.

  • If I saw a ghost, I ….

  • If I saw a robbery, I …

The situations have not happened already, and are unlikely to happen in the future.


The second 2nd conditional sentences unreal situations not likely to happen
The Second (2nd) Conditional Sentences (unreal situations, not likely to happen)

  • If I won the Mark Six, I …

  • If I were a millionaire, I …

  • If I had a problem with my teeth, I …

Past tense in the if-clause implies that the situation is unreal, not possible to happen in the future.


The 2 nd conditional sentences unreal situations not likely to happen
The (2nd ) Conditional Sentences (unreal situations, not likely to happen)

  • If I were younger today, I would study architecture.

_past simple___

__would have + past participle__


Conditional sentences unreal situations in the past
Conditional Sentences (unreal situations in the past)

  • Refer to the picture on the board.

  • If you had bought enough petrol, we would have driven home.

_past perfect _

__would have + past participle_

But you did not buy enough petrol, and that’s why you pushed your car.


The third 3 rd conditional sentences unreal situations in the past
The third (3rd) Conditional Sentences (unreal situations in the past)

  • If you had left earlier, you would have arrived on time.

  • If we had gone to the cinema earlier, we would (could) have seen the first part of the movie. .

  • If they had asked for directions, they would not have got lost.

But __________________________________________

But _________________________________________________

But ________________________________________________


The third 3 rd conditional sentences unreal situations in the past1
The third (3rd) Conditional Sentences (unreal situations in the past)

  • Jack is having a very bad week so he is telling his friend Simon about it. What comments will you give to Simon? Use the right conditionals to give the comments.


The third 3 rd conditional sentences unreal situations in the past2
The third (3rd) Conditional Sentences (unreal situations in the past)

  • Jack: I woke up late on Monday that I missed the train.

  • Jack: I lost my car keys last week. I couldn’t drive to work..

Simon: If you hadn’ t waken up late on Monday, you would not have missed the train.

Simon: If ______________________________________________

______________________________________________________


The third 3 rd conditional sentences unreal situations in the past3
The third (3rd) Conditional Sentences (unreal situations in the past)

  • Jack: I didn’t bring my umbrella. I got wet on the way to the office.

  • Jack: I didn’t dry myself properly. I caught a cold.

Simon: If you had brought your umbrella, you would not have got wet on the way to the office

Simon: If you had dried yourself properly, you would not have caught a cold.


The third 3 rd conditional sentences unreal situations in the past4
The third (3rd) Conditional Sentences (unreal situations in the past)

  • Jack: I didn’t know it was my wife’s birthday today. She was very angry with me.

  • Jack: We didn’t save enough money last month. We can’t go on holiday in the summer.

Simon: If you had known it was your wife’s birthday, she would not have been very angry with you.

Simon: If you had saved enough money last month, you would have gone on holiday in the summer.



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