Conditional Sentences ( General conditionals – facts ). (Type 0). Think about what happens in the following conditions. If you throw wood into water, … If you wash clothes in hot water, … If you drop a table-tennis ball onto the ground,… If you break anything in a shop, ….
they become smaller.
you have to pay for it.
The above happenings are always or usually true. The results always take place in the situations.
Main clause can come first!!
The above happenings are possible. They may happen or not.
If I I was fit enough, I would take part in the Sports Day.
(simple past) (would+ infinitive)
You talk about something which is not real!!
The situations have not happened already, and are unlikely to happen in the future.
Past tense in the if-clause implies that the situation is unreal, not possible to happen in the future.
__would have + past participle__
_past perfect _
__would have + past participle_
But you did not buy enough petrol, and that’s why you pushed your car.
Simon: If you hadn’ t waken up late on Monday, you would not have missed the train.
Simon: If ______________________________________________
Simon: If you had brought your umbrella, you would not have got wet on the way to the office
Simon: If you had dried yourself properly, you would not have caught a cold.
Simon: If you had known it was your wife’s birthday, she would not have been very angry with you.
Simon: If you had saved enough money last month, you would have gone on holiday in the summer.