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1. Lesson 15: Consonant and Syllable Patterns If a word has a double consonant, the accent often falls on the syllable that goes with the first of the double consonants.
2. attitude at?ti?tude [at? ?t(y)oo ?d?] n. a way of thinking or
feeling; a point of view: Food servers get good
tips when they give restaurant patrons excellent
service and have a friendly attitude.
3. barrier bar?ri?er [bar? ? r] n. anything that blocks the
way, stops movement, or separates: A barrier
was put up to keep cars away from that
street while the traffic signals were being
4. buffalo buf?fa?lo [buf? ?l ] n. an animal that is similar
to an ox, with a large, round body and
curved horns: In many movies about the old
West, buffalo roam the plains.
5. cinnamon cin?na?mon [sin? ?m n] n. an aromatic reddishbrown
spice that comes from the bark of a
tropical tree: Cinnamon is used as a flavoring
in apple pie.
6. corridor cor?ri?dor [k?r? ?d r] n. a narrow hallway with
rooms opening onto it: We are not supposed
to run in any corridor at school.
7. gallery gal?ler?y [gal? r? ] n. 1. a place where works of
art are on display: There is an exhibit of
photos at the art gallery. 2. an indoor balcony,
especially the highest balcony, as in a theater
or church: We had seats in the gallery and
could barely see the dancers.
8. gorilla go?ril?la [g ?ril? ] n. a large, powerful ape
found in the jungles of central Africa:
The gorilla has a broad, heavy chest and
shoulders; long arms; and short legs.
9. hurricane hur?ri?cane [h?r? ?k n?] n. a severe tropical
storm with strong winds and heavy rain:
A hurricane is a storm with winds of 75 or
more miles per hour.
10. massacre mas?sa?cre [mas? ?k r] n. a cruel and violent
killing of many people: The government of
the small country feared there would be a
11. moccasin moc?ca?sin [mok? ?sin] n. a slipperlike shoe
with a soft sole and no heel: Moccasins may
be adorned with embroidery or beading.
12. opossum o?pos?sum [ ?pos? m or pos? m] n. a small,
furry mammal that is native to North
America: When they are in danger, opossums
lie motionless and appear to be dead.
13. pinnacle pin?na?cle [pin? ?k l] n. the highest point of
achievement: Michael Jordan retired from
pro basketball at the pinnacle of his career.
14. syllable syl?la?ble [sil? ?b l] n. a single sound that forms
a word or part of a word: The accent is on
the first syllable of the word ?swallow.?
15. tobacco to?bac?co [t ?bak? ] n. a tall plant with large
leaves that are dried and used for smoking
and chewing: Tobacco was grown in the
southern colonies and exported to England.
16. tomorrow to?mor?row [t ?mor? ] n. the next day after
today: If today is Monday, tomorrow will be
17. umbrella um?brel?la [um?brel? ] n. a circular piece of
cloth or plastic stretched on a folding frame
that is held overhead for protection from rain
or sun: I keep an umbrella in my backpack
in case of rain.