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Poetry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Poetry. Types of Poems How to Read Figurative Language Mood/Tone. Figurative Language. Although figurative language appears in many different kinds of writing, it is very common in poetry. . Types of Figurative Language. Simile Metaphor Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Alliteration Idiom

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Types of Poems

How to Read

Figurative Language


figurative language
Figurative Language
  • Although figurative language appears in many different kinds of writing, it is very common in poetry.
types of figurative language
Types of Figurative Language
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Hyperbole
  • Alliteration
  • Idiom
  • Oxymoron
  • Personification
  • Compares two “things” that do not appear to be similar. This helps the reader get a clearer description of the “thing” being compared & adds interest to your writing.
  • Examples:
    • The angry customer was a bull, angry and stubborn.
    • When she is happy, my sister is a bird, singing and floating around our house all day.
    • Her eyes were fire, angry enough to burn you with just one look.
metaphor continued
Metaphor Continued
  • Underline the two things in each sentence that are being compared.
    • The student was a deer in headlights, caught completely off-guard and completely confused.
    • Her hair was silk, soft and shimmering in the light.
    • The selfish, dishonest salesman was a snake.
metaphor 3
Metaphor #3
  • Finish the following phrases:
    • My alarm clock was _______________, annoying and unwanted, at 7:00 A.M. on Sunday morning.
    • The singer’s voice was _______________, confident and strong.
    • My boss is _________________, firm and authoritative when he gives me directions.
  • Comparing two unlike “things” using “like” or “as” in the middle.
  • Examples:
    • Her eyes were as blue as the Gulf of Mexico.
    • The bell was likeseatbelt saving us from doing anymore class work.
    • The students were likecalculators, solving problems in their heads in just a few seconds.
create your own similes
Create Your Own Similes
  • Choose 3 things to compare:
    • _______________________________ like / as
    • _______________________________ like / as
    • _______________________________ like / as
  • Not everything that has “like” or “as” in it is a simile. Which one is not a simile?
      • He runs like a cheetah.
      • She is as honest as Abe Lincoln.
      • If you like Pepsi, you’re probably not a fan of Coke.
      • It was as dead as a doornail.
a way to remember it
A Way to Remember It!!
  • Metaphors and similes are a lot alike.
    • What do they both do?

One way to remember that a simile includes “like” or “as” & a metaphor does not is by remember that both SIMILE & “LIKE or AS” have the letters L and S in them.

what do all of these have in common
What do all of these have in common?
  • I am so hungry, I could eat a horse.
  • I am going to sleep for 1000 years when I get home.
  • I have seen you in forever!
  • Extreme exaggerations.
    • We will be best friends for all time.
    • “I’m gonna love you forever, forever and ever, amen.”
    • I am the best singer that ever lived.
fill in the hyperbole
Fill in the Hyperbole
  • It was so gross…
  • She runs faster than a …
  • They were sadder than a …
  • I wanted it more than…
  • It was more boring than…
  • Common phrases that only make sense within your own culture.
    • It’s raining cats and dogs.
    • You’ve got a chip on your shoulder.
    • A little birdy told me…
underline the idioms what do they mean
Underline the idioms. What do they mean?
  • Keep an eye on your sister.
  • If you don’t, you won’t be keeping your word.
  • I’ll kick myself if I lose this bet.
  • I’m at my wit’s end with you!!
  • This deal is no-strings-attached.
  • He always jumps down my throat.
  • It’s time to grow up and face the music.
idiom bank
Idiom Bank
  • http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/americanidioms/lefgidioms_f.html
say these
Say these…
  • Sally sold sea shells by the sea shore.