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Seerah of The Prophet Peace be upon him. Before The Birth Pre-Islamic Society. www.islampeterborough.org .uk Prensentation. Why study the Seerah?. Practical Role Model for Muslims.

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Seerah of the prophet peace be upon him

Seerah of The Prophet Peace be upon him

Before The Birth

Pre-Islamic Society

www.islampeterborough.org.uk Prensentation


Why study the seerah

Why study the Seerah?

  • Practical Role Model for Muslims

Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad SAW) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much.

الأحزاب


History of mecca

History of Mecca


Mecca before islam

Mecca before Islam

  • Religion:

    • Hanifiah: Monotheism

    • Amr bin Luhay

    • Paganism


The world at the time of the prophet s birth

The world at the time of The Prophet’s Birth

رأيت عمرو بن عامر بن لحي الخزاعي يجر قصبه في النار ، وكان أول من سيب السوائب الراوي: أبو هريرة   المحدث: البخاري  

Al- Bukhari:

Abu Huraira said, "The Prophet said, 'I saw Amr bin 'Amir bin Luhai Al-Khuzai dragging his intestines in the (Hell) Fire, for he was the first man who started the custom of releasing animals (for the sake of false gods).' "


Why study the seerah1

Why study the Seerah?

  • The Idols of Arabia

[19] Have ye seen Lat, and 'Uzza,

[20] And another, the Third (goddess), Manat?

[21] What! for you the male sex, and for Him, the female?

[22] Behold, such would be indeed a division most unfair!

[23] These are nothing but names which you have devised, - you and your fathers - for which Allah has sent down no authority (whatever). They follow nothing but conjecture and what their own souls desire! Even though there has already come to them Guidance from their Lord!

النجم


Why study the seerah2

Why study the Seerah?

  • The Idols of Arabia

[23] "And they have said (to each other),Abandon not your gods: abandon neither Wadd nor Suwa, neither Yaguth nor Ya'uq, nor Nasr;

[24] "They have already misled many (away from Tawheed), and grant no increase to the wrong-doers but in straying (from the straight path)."

نوح


The world at the time of the prophet s birth1

The world at the time of The Prophet’s Birth

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما : صارت الأوثان التي كانت في قوم نوح في العرب بعد ، أما ود : كانت لكلب بدومة الجندل ، وأما سواع : كانت لهذيل ، وأما يغوث : فكانت لمراد ، ثم لبني غطيف بالجوف عند سبأ ، وأما يعوق : فكانت لهمدان ، وأما نسر : فكانت لحمير ، لآل ذي الكلاع ، أسماء رجال صالحين من قوم نوح ، فلما هلكوا أوحى الشيطان إلى قومهم : أن انصبوا إلى مجالسهم التي كانوا يجلسون أنصابا وسموها بأسمائهم ، ففعلوا ، فلم تعبد ، حتى إذا هلك أولئك ، وتنسخ العلم عبدت . الراوي: عطاء  -   المحدث: البخاري

  • Al- Bukhari:Narrated Ibn Abbas:

  • All the idols which were worshipped by the people of Noah were worshipped by the Arabs later on. As for the idol Wadd, it was worshipped by the tribe of Kalb at Daumat-al-Jandal; Suwa' was for Huthayl, Yaghuth was the idol of (the tribe of) Murad and then by Ban, Ghutaif at Al-Jurf near Saba; Yauq was the idol of Hamdan, and Nasr was the idol of Himyr, the branch of Dhi-al-Kala.' The names (of the idols) formerly belonged to some pious men of the people of Noah, and when they died Satan inspired their people to (prepare and place idols at the places where they used to sit, and to call those idols by their names. The people did so, but the idols were not worshipped till those people (who initiated them) had died and the origin of the idols had become obscure, whereupon people began worshipping them.


The world at the time of the prophet s birth2

The world at the time of The Prophet’s Birth

سمعت أبا رجاء العطاردي يقول : كنا نعبد الحجر ، فإذا وجدنا حجرا هو خير منه ألقيناه وأخذنا الآخر ، فإذا لم نجد حجرا جمعنا جثوة من تراب ثم جئنا بالشاة فحلبناه عليه ثم طفنا به. الراوي: مهدي بن ميمون المحدث: البخاري

Al- Bukhari:

  • Narrated Abu Raja Al-Utaridi:

  • We used to worship stones, and when we found a better stone than the first one, we would throw the first one and take the latter, but if we could not get a stone then we would collect some earth (i.e. soil) and then bring a sheep and milk that sheep over it, and perform the Tawaf around it.


Seerah of the prophet peace be upon him

Zoroastrian

Christianity

Wadd

ود

Suwa’سواع

Manatمناة

Al-’Uzzaالعزى

Hubal

هبل

Al-Laatاللات

571 C.E.

Ya’uqيعوق

Nasrنسر

Yaghuthيغوث

Christianity

Zoroastrian

Christianity


Seerah of the prophet peace be upon him

Summer Journey

“Shaam”-Levant

Wadd

ود

Suwa’سواع

Manatمناة

Al-’Uzzaالعزى

Hubal

هبل

Al-Laatاللات

571 C.E.

Ya’uqيعوق

Nasrنسر

Yaghuthيغوث

Winter Journey

Yemen

Christianity


Why study the seerah3

Why study the Seerah?

  • The Idols of Arabia

[3] Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take for protectors others than Allah (say): "We only serve them in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah." Truly Allah will judge between them in that wherein they differ. But Allah guides not such as are false and ungrateful.

[4] Had Allah wished to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen whom He pleased out of those whom He doth create: but Glory be to Him! (He is above such things.) He is Allah, the One, the Irresistible.

الزمر


Why study the seerah4

Why study the Seerah?

  • The Idols of Arabia

[18] They serve, besides Allah, things that hurt them not nor benefit them, and they say: "These are our intercessors with Allah." Say: "Do you indeed inform Allah of something He knows not, in the heavens or on earth? Glory to Him! and far is He above the partners they ascribe (to Him)"

يونس


Why study the seerah5

Why study the Seerah?

  • Paganism

[136] Out of what Allah has produced in abundance in harvest and in cattle, they assigned Him a share: they say, according to their fancies: "This is for Allah, and this is for our 'partners'! But the share of their "partners" reaches not Allah, whilst the share of Allah reaches their "partners!" Evil (and unjust) is their assignment!

الأنعام


Mecca before islam1

Mecca before Islam

  • Remnants of “Hanifyiah” (Religion of Ibrahim)

    • Zaid bin ‘Amr bin Nufail

    • Qass bin Sa’edah Al-Iyadi

    • Waraqah bin Nawfal


The world at the time of the prophet s birth3

The world at the time of The Prophet’s Birth

رأيت زيد بن عمرو بن نفيل قائما ، مسندا ظهره إلى الكعبة ، يقول : يا معاشر قريش ، والله ما منكم على دين إبراهيم غيري . وكان يحيي الموءودة ، يقول للرجل إذا أراد أن يقتل ابنته : لا تقتلها ، أنا أكفيكها مؤونتها ، فيأخذها ، فإذا ترعرعت ، قال لأبيها : إن شئت دفعتها إليك ، وإن شئت كفيتك مؤونتها . الراوي: أسماء بنت أبي بكر  -  المحدث: البخاري  

Al- Bukhari:

  • Narrated AsmabintAbiBakr: I saw Zaid bin Amr bin Nufail standing with his back against the Ka'ba and saying, "O people of Quraish! By Allah, none amongst you is on the religion of Abraham except me." He used to preserve the lives of little girls: If somebody wanted to kill his daughter he would say to him, "Do not kill her for I will feed her on your behalf." So he would take her, and when she grew up nicely, he would say to her father, "Now if you want her, I will give her to you, and if you wish, I will feed her on your behalf."


The world at the time of the prophet s birth4

The world at the time of The Prophet’s Birth

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لقي زيد بن عمرو بن نفيل بأسفل بلدح ، قبل أن ينزل على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الوحي ، فقدمت إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم سفرة ، فأبى أن يأكل منها ، ثم قال زيد : إني لست آكل مما تذبحون على أنصابكم ، ولاآكل إلا ما ذكر اسم الله عليه . وأن زيد بن عمرو كان يعيب على قريش ذبائحهم ، ويقول : الشاة خلقها الله ، وأنزل لها من السماء الماء ، وأنبت لها من الأرض ، ثم تذبحونها على غير اسم الله . إنكارا لذلك وإعظاما له . الراوي: عبدالله بن عمر  -  المحدث: البخاري

Al- Bukhari:

  • Volume 5, Book 58, Number 169: Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:

  • The Prophet met Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail in the bottom of (the valley of) Baldah before any Divine Inspiration came to the Prophet. A meal was presented to the Prophet but he refused to eat from it. (Then it was presented to Zaid) who said, "I do not eat anything which you slaughter in the name of your stone idols. I eat none but those things on which Allah's Name has been mentioned at the time of slaughtering." Zaid bin 'Amr used to criticize the way Quraish used to slaughter their animals, and used to say, "Allah has created the sheep and He has sent the water for it from the sky, and He has grown the grass for it from the earth; yet you slaughter it in other than the Name of Allah. He used to say so, for he rejected that practice and considered it as something abominable.


The world at the time of the prophet s birth5

The world at the time of The Prophet’s Birth

أن زيد بن عمرو بن نفيل خرج إلى الشأم ، يسأل عن الدين ويتبعه ، فلقي عالما من اليهود فسأله عن دينهم ، فقال : إني لعلي أن أدين دينكم فأخبرني ، فقال : لا تكون على ديننا ، حتى تأخذ بنصيبك من غضب الله ، قال زيد : ما أفر إلا من غضب الله ، ولا أحمل من غضب الله شيئا أبدا ، وأنى أستطيعه ؟ فهل تدلني على غيره ؟ قال : ما أعلمه إلا أن يكون حنيفا ، قال زيد : وما الحنيف ؟ قال : دين إبراهيم ، لم يكن يهوديا ولا نصرانيا ولا يعبد إلا الله . فخرج زيد فلقي عالما من النصارى فذكر مثله ، فقال : لن تكون على ديننا حتى تأخذ بنصيبك من لعنة الله ، قال : ما أفر إلا من لعنة الله ، ولا أحمل من لعنة الله ، ولا من غضبه شيئا أبدا ، وأنى أستطيع ؟ فهل تدلني على غيره ؟ قال : ما أعلمه إلا أن يكون حنيفا ، قال : وما الحنيف ؟ قال : دين إبراهيم لم يكن يهوديا ولا نصرانيا ، ولا يعبد إلا الله . فلما رأى زيد قولهم في إبراهيم عليه السلام خرج ، فلما برز رفع يديه ، فقال : اللهم إني أشهد أني على دين إبراهيم . الراوي: عبدالله بن عمر  -  المحدث: البخاري  

Al- Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 58: Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:

  • Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail went to Sham, inquiring about a true religion to follow. He met a Jewish religious scholar and asked him about their religion. He said, "I intend to embrace your religion, so tell me some thing about it." The Jew said, "You will not embrace our religion unless you receive your share of Allah's Anger." Zaid said, "'I do not run except from Allah's Anger, and I will never bear a bit of it if I have the power to avoid it. Can you tell me of some other religion?" He said, "I do not know any other religion except the Hanif." Zaid enquired, "What is Hanif?" He said, "Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither a Jew nor a Christian, and he used to worship None but Allah (Alone)" Then Zaid went out and met a Christian religious scholar and told him the same as before. The Christian said, "You will not embrace our religion unless you get a share of Allah's Curse." Zaid replied, "I do not run except from Allah's Curse, and I will never bear any of Allah's Curse and His Anger if I have the power to avoid them. Will you tell me of some other religion?" He replied, "I do not know any other religion except Hanif." Zaid enquired, "What is Hanif?" He replied, Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither a Jew nor a Christian and he used to worship None but Allah (Alone)" When Zaid heard their Statement about (the religion of) Abraham, he left that place, and when he came out, he raised both his hands and said, "O Allah! I make You my Witness that I am on the religion of Abraham."


The world at the time of the prophet s birth6

The world at the time of The Prophet’s Birth

زيد بن عمرو بن نفيل يبعث يوم القيامة أمة وحده الراوي: -  -  خلاصة الدرجة: في غاية الصحة، منقول نقل التواتر  -  المحدث: ابن حزم  -  المصدر: أصول الأحكام  -  الصفحة أو الرقم: 1/594

دخلت الجنة ، فرأيت لزيد بن عمرو بن نفيل درجتين الراوي: عائشة  -  خلاصة الدرجة: حسن  -  المحدث: الألباني  -  المصدر: صحيح الجامع  -  الصفحة أو الرقم: 3367  


Mecca before islam2

Mecca before Islam

  • Social Conditions:

    • Marriage and Family

    • الراوي: عائشة  -  المحدث: البخاري

    • “أن النكاح في الجاهلية كان على أربع أنحاء :

    • فنكاح منها نكاح الناس اليوم : يخطب الرجل إلى الرجل وليته أوابنته ، فيصدقها ثم ينكحها .

    • ونكاح آخر : كان الرجل يقول لامرأته إذا طهرت من طمثها أرسلي إلى فلان فاستبضعي منه ، ويعتزلها زوجها ولا يمسها أبدا ، حتى يتبين حملها من ذلك الرجل الذي تستبضع منه ، فإذا تبين حملها أصابها زوجها إذا أحب ، وإنما يفعل ذلك رغبة في نجابة الولد ، فكان هذا النكاح نكاح الاستبضاع .

    • ونكاح أخر : يجتمع الرهط ما دون العشرة ، فيدخلون على المرأة ، كلهم يصيبها ، فأذا حملت ووضعت ، ومر عليها ليال بعد أن تضع حملها ، أرسلت إليهم ، فلم يستطع رجل أن يمتنع ، حتى يجتمعوا عندها ، تقول لهم : قد عرفتم الذي كان من أمركم وقد ولدت ، فهو ابنك يا فلان ، تسمي من أحبت باسمه فيلحق به ولدها ، لا يستطيع أن يمتنع منه الرجل .

    • ونكاح رابع : يجتمع الناس كثيرا ، فيدخلون على المرأة ، لا تمتنع ممن جاءها ، وهن البغايا ، كن ينصبن على أبوابهن رايات تكون علما ، فمن أراد دخل عليهن ، فإذا حملت إحداهن ووضعت حملها جمعوا لها ، ودعوا القافة ، ثم ألحقوا ولدها بالذي يرون ، فالتاط به ، ودعي ابنه ، لا يمتنع من ذلك

    • فلما بعث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بالحق ، هدم نكاح الجاهلية كله إلا نكاح الناس اليوم . “


Mecca before islam3

Mecca before Islam

  • Social Conditions:

    • Marriage and Family

      • Shameless Adultry:

    • قام رجل فقال يا رسول الله إن فلانا ابني عاهرت بأمه في الجاهلية فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا دعوة في الإسلام ذهب أمر الجاهلية الولد للفراش وللعاهر الحجر الراوي: عبدالله بن عمرو بن العاص    المحدث: أبو داود

    • Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As: A man got up and said: Apostle of Allah, so-and-so is my Son; I had illicit intercourse with his mother in the pre-Islamic period. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: There is no unlawful claiming of paternity in Islam. What was done in pre-Islamic times has been annulled. The child is attributed to the one on whose bed it is born, and the fornicator is deprived of any right.


Mecca before islam4

Mecca before Islam

  • Social Conditions:

    • Marriage and Family

      • Marrying two sisters

      • Marrying their step-mothers (as inheritance)

      • Unlimited number of wives

      • Unlimited frequency of divorce of same wife


Mecca before islam5

Mecca before Islam

  • Social Conditions:

    • Killing their daughters:

[8] When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned,

[9] For what crime she was killed;

[58] When news is brought to one of them, of (the birth of) a female (child), his face darkens, and he is filled with inward grief!

[59] With shame does he hide himself from his people, because of the bad news he has had! Shall he retain it on (sufferance and) contempt, or bury it in the dust? Ah! what an evil (choice) they decide on?

التكوير

النحل


Mecca before islam6

Mecca before Islam

  • Social Conditions:

    • Tribalism

      ((ليس منا من دعا إلى عصبية، وليس منا من قاتل على عصبية، وليس منا من

      مات على عصبية))أبو داود

      إِذْ جَعَلَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فِى قُلُوبِهِمُ ٱلْحَمِيَّةَ حَمِيَّةَ ٱلْجَـٰهِلِيَّةِ الفتح 26


Mecca before islam7

Mecca before Islam

  • Social Conditions:

    • Tribalism

      كنا مع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في غزاة . فكسع رجل من المهاجرين رجلا من الأنصار . فقال الأنصاري : يا للأنصار ! وقال المهاجري : يا للمهاجرين ! فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم . " ما بال دعوى الجاهلية ؟ " قالوا : يا رسول الله ! كسع رجل من المهاجرين رجلا من الأنصار . فقال " دعوها . فإنها منتنة ".

      الراوي: جابر بن عبدالله   -  المحدث: مسلم

      Narrated Jabir: We were in the company of the Prophet in an Expedition. A large number of emigrants joined him and among the emigrants there was a person who used to play jokes (or play with spears); so he (jokingly) stroked an Ansari man on the hip. The Ans-ari got so angry that both of them called their people. The Ansari said, "Help, O Ansar!" And the emigrant said "Help, O emigrants!" The Prophet came out and said, "What is wrong with the people (as they are calling) this call of the period of Ignorance? "Then he said, "What is the matter with them?" So he was told about the stroke of the emigrant to the Ansari. The Prophet said, "Stop this (i.e. appeal for help) for it is an evil call.


Mecca before islam8

Mecca before Islam

  • Social Conditions:

    • Nobility

    • Generosity

    • Bravery

    • Loyalty

    • Mastering the Arts of The Arabic Language


Genealogy

Genealogy

”إن الله اصطفى كنانة من ولد إسماعيل . واصطفى قريشا من كنانة . واصطفى من قريش بني هاشم . واصطفاني من بني هاشم“

الراوي: واثلة بن الأسقع الليثي أبو فسيلة  -المحدث: مسلم


Genealogy1

Genealogy

”إن الله اصطفى كنانة من ولد إسماعيل . واصطفى قريشا من كنانة . واصطفى من قريش بني هاشم . واصطفاني من بني هاشم“

الراوي: واثلة بن الأسقع الليثي أبو فسيلة  -المحدث: مسلم


Seerah of the prophet peace be upon him

Uthman bin Math’un

Amr bin Al-’Aas


Seerah of the prophet peace be upon him

The Hashimites

Muhammad

Peace be upon him


Mecca before islam9

Mecca before Islam

  • Political Honors in Quraysh:

    • Dar An-Nadwah: “Quraysh’s Congress”

    • Liwa’: Banner Holding

    • Hijabah: Custody of Ka’ba

    • Siqayah: Providing Water for Hajj (Hashimites)

    • Rifadah: Providing food for Hajj (Hashimites)


Mecca before islam10

Mecca before Islam

  • Abdul-Muttalib bin Hashem

    • Digging Zamzam

    • Ten Male Children

    • Vows to Slaughter one of them


The world at the time of the prophet s birth7

The world at the time of The Prophet’s Birth

عن عياض أن رسول الله قال: ”....وإن الله نظر إلى أهل الأرض فمقتهم ، عربهم وعجمهم ، إلا بقايا من أهل الكتاب.....“

رواه مسلم

Sahih Muslim, Book 040, Number 6853:

'Iyadh bin Himar reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him), while delivering a sermon one day, said: “……..And verily, Allah looked towards the people of the world and He showed disgust, for the Arabs and the non-Arabs, but with the exception of some remnants from the People of the Book..."


Seerah of the prophet peace be upon him

Zoroastrian

Christianity

Judaism

Paganism

571 C.E.

Christianity

Zoroastrian

Christianity


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