NGO STICHTING BAKENS VERZET (“ANOTHER WAY”) NETHERLANDS MODEL FOR SELF-FINANCING, ECOLOGICAL, SUSTAINABLE, LOCAL INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS. Part One Causes of poverty and what to do about them. (Twenty-four slides). 1. Poverty.
NGO STICHTING BAKENS VERZET (“ANOTHER WAY”)NETHERLANDSMODEL FOR SELF-FINANCING, ECOLOGICAL, SUSTAINABLE, LOCAL INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
Causes of poverty and what to do about them.
The subjective definition of poverty used by the authors of this Model is:
“Poverty is a state in which one's perceived quality of life is
lower than is felt to be needed for survival and reproduction,
or than is desired.”
The most important single cause of poverty is on-going financial leakage from poor areas to richer ones.
3. Financial leakage : interest and subisdyWe live in a society based on debt where most new money is created by private bankers against interest.In 2001, farmers in industrialised countries received agricultural subsidies for US$ 350 billion. This is more than three times the total amount of aid for development (including debt relief) paid by all the OECD donor countries together in 2006 (US$ 103,9 billion).
The pattern of international theft of natural resources taking place in front of our eyes is constant the whole world over. Never has the world witnessed economic crimes of such proportions. Never before have colonialist principles been so parasitically and greedily exploited as they are today. Never before have so many people closed their eyes to it.
Finite natural capital, mostly represented by mineral deposits, is of national interest. Local populations have right to a fair part of the income from the sale of the mineral deposits.
Local populations have all rights to income from renewable natural capital.
Articles 119-126 of the Constitution of Venezuela, 1999, on the rights of indigenous peoples.
If proceeds from corruption were invested locally, they would probably lead to unequal distribution of wealth in a given area, but not necessarily to financial leakage from the area.
Foreign accounts in industrialised countries.
Expenditure on luxury items situated in foreign countries.
Importation of luxury items into the project area.
Banks and their investments.
10. Financial leakage : foreign aid havensLords of poverty (Graham Hancock)Even money spent on “good” things reduces the amount of funds available for integrated development for the poor.
“Poverty is a state in which one's perceived quality of life is lower than
is felt to be needed for survival and reproduction, or than is desired.”
The following list is not intended to be complete.
It describes what must be provided within the framework of an
integrated development project
Task of state, military, and police.
Tasks of an integrated development project.
Adequate shelter (drained, absence of smoke)
Clean drinking water (25 litres/day always)
Food, enough and varied.
Health and sanitation.
Education for all.
Work for all.
Social security system for the weakest.
Package for improving housing conditions is built into the various services provided.
200 health club leaders; 1000 tank commission members; 200 well commission members; 10 members of the central management group; 100 people involved with the registration of local money transactions; 200 local money transaction assistants; 200 people responsible for local recycling activities at tank commission level; 100 people responsible for recycling at well commission level; 200 guards for structures at well-commission level; 400 farmers growing bio-mass for mini-briquettes; 100 mini-briquettes manufacturers; 100 manufacturers of items made from gypsum composites, such as tanks, stoves, sanitary ware; 50 installation technicians; 20 maintenance technicians; 10 people responsible for water quality control.
The local money system
The interest-free, cost-free micro-credit system
They are as varied as the minds and the iniatative of the people in the project area.
Local money system
Formal money system
Tank commission level
Well commission level