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UNIT 2. PAST SIMPLE-PAST PROGRESSIVE. PRESENT SIMPLE SPECIAL VERBS. TO BE ( AM, IS, ARE ) THERE IS/THERE ARE HAVE GOT/ HAS GOT MODALS CAN MUST. PAST SIMPLE SPECIAL VERBS. TO BE ( WAS/ WERE ) THERE WAS/THERE WERE 0 (HAD LEXICAL) MODALS COULD 0 (HAD TO LEXICAL). PAST.

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Past simple past progressive

UNIT 2

PAST SIMPLE-PAST PROGRESSIVE


PRESENT SIMPLE SPECIAL VERBS.

TO BE (AM, IS, ARE)

THERE IS/THERE ARE

HAVE GOT/ HAS GOT

MODALS

CAN

MUST

PAST SIMPLE SPECIAL VERBS.

TO BE (WAS/ WERE)

THERE WAS/THERE WERE

0(HADLEXICAL)

MODALS

COULD

0 (HAD TOLEXICAL)


Present simple structure

PAST

PRESENT SIMPLE STRUCTURE

  • VERB-PAST

    • -ED

    • -2ND

  • A- SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT

  • N- SUBJECT + + VERB(INF) + COMP

  • I- + SUBJECT+ VERB(INF)+ COMP?

  • SHORT ANSWER

    • YES, SUBJECT (PN)+

    • NO, SUBJECT (PN)+

DID+NOT

DO/DOES+ NOT

DO/ DOES

DID

DO/ DOES

DID

DO/DOES+NOT

DIDN’T


Present progressive structure

PAST

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE STRUCTURE

WAS / WERE

  • A- SUBJ + +VERB + COMP

    (GERUND)

  • N- SUBJ + +VERB + COMP

  • I- + SUBJ+ VERB + COMP ?

  • SHORT ANSWER

    • YES, SUBJECT (PN)+

    • NO, SUBJECT (PN)+

-ING

AM/ ARE /IS

‘M NOT / AREN’T / ISN’T

WASN’T / WEREN’T

-ING

WAS / WERE

AM / ARE / IS

-ING

WAS / WERE

AM / ARE / IS

WASN’T / WEREN’T

‘M NOT / AREN’T / ISN’T



  • PAST SIMPLE

  • WE WERE HAPPY.

  • WE WEREN’T HAPPY.

  • WERE YOU HAPPY?

  • I COULD SWIM

  • I COULDN’T SWIM

  • COULD YOU SWIM?


PRESENT SIMPLE

I STUDYENGLISH.

I DON’T STUDY ENGLISH.

DO YOU STUDY ENGLISH?

YES, I DO.

NO, I DON’T

.PAST SIMPLE

I STUDIEDENGLISH.

I DIDN’T STUDY ENGLISH.

DID YOU STUDY ENGLISH?

YES, I DID.

NO, I DIDN’T


PRESENT SIMPLE

I SPEAKENGLISH.

I DON’T SPEAK ENGLISH.

DO YOU SPEAK ENGLISH?

YES, I DO.

NO, I DON’T

.PAST SIMPLE

I SPOKEENGLISH.

I DIDN’T SPEAK ENGLISH.

DID YOU SPEAK ENGLISH?

YES, I DID.

NO, I DIDN’T


PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

I AM STUDYINGENGLISH.

I ‘M NOT STUDYING ENGLISH.

ARE YOU STUDYING ENGLISH?

YES, I AM

NO, I ‘M NOT

.PAST PROGRESSIVE

I WAS STUDYINGENGLISH.

I WASN’T STUDYING ENGLISH.

WERE YOU STUDYING ENGLISH?

YES, I WAS.

NO, I WASN’T


Past simple use
PAST SIMPLE USE

  • 1-COMPLETED ACTION IN THE PAST

  • Anactionstarted and finished at a specific time in thepast.

  • Isaw a movieyesterday.


  • 2- A SERIES OF COMPLETED ACTIONS.

  • Consecutive actions.

  • I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.


  • 3- DURATION IN PAST.

  • A duration which starts and stops in the past: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc.

  • Examples:

  • I lived in Brazil for two years.

  • They sat at the beach all day.


  • 4- HABITS IN THE PAST

  • To describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as "used to."

  • Examples:

  • I studied French when I was a child.

  • I used to study French…..


Used to solia
“USED TO”= SOLIA

  • I USED TO KILL STUDENTS.

  • I DIDN’T USE TO KILL STUDENTS.

  • THERE IS/ ARE + USED TO

  • THERE USED TO BE A CINEMA OVER THERE.

  • THERE DIDN’T USE TO BE A SHOP...


  • PAST PROGRESSIVE

  • 5- SPECIFIC TIME

  • Action in Progress.

  • Examples:

  • Lastnight at 6 PM, I waseatingdinner.


  • 6- INTERRUPTED ACTION IN THE PAST

  • A longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past.

  • .

  • Examples:

  • I was watching TV when she called.


  • 7 Parallel Actions

  • Both actions were happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.

  • Examples:

  • I was studying while he was making dinner.


  • 8- Atmosphere

  • To describe the atmosphere at a particular time in the past.(the scene)

  • Example:

  • When I walked into the office, several people were busily typing, some were talking on the phones, the boss was yelling directions, and customers were waiting to be helped.


While vs. When

WHEN + PAST SIMPLE

WHILE + PAST PROGRESSIVE

Examples:

I was studying when she came in.

While i was studying , she came in.

(Be careful with the comma!)


  • Non-ProgressiveVerbs

  • ItisimportanttorememberthatNon-ProgressiveVerbscannotbeused in anyProgressive tenses.

  • Youmust use Simple Past.

  • Examples:

  • Jane wasbeingat my housewhenyouarrived. NotCorrect

  • Jane was at my housewhenyouarrived. Correct


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