A fractal perspective on competencies necessary for managing information systems. 指導老師 ：張菽萱 博士 學生 ： 胡素琴. Abstract. In this paper, we present a view of the necessary skill set for managing information technology （ IT ） in organizations.
指導老師 ：張菽萱 博士
學生 ： 胡素琴
larger study of dynamic nonlinear systems, and in particular refers to the qualitative study of unstable, aperiodic behaviour in deterministic（notably not radom）, nonlinear dynamical systems.
To the degree that an observer can comprehend the nature of a chaotic system, there is the opportunity to identify to identify some level of hidden order in apparent chaos, there can exist some level of order in the completely unpredictable, seemingly ‘random’ nature of social science phenomena.
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