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电力系统仿真软件综述 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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电力系统仿真软件综述. 内部交流 谢绝公开. 内容. 电力系统仿真概述 机电暂态仿真软件 电磁暂态仿真软件 电力电子仿真工具 配电网的仿真软件 实时物理仿真工具. 一 . 电力系统仿真概述 现代电力系统是集发电、输电、配电和用电为一体的复杂非线性网络系统。对其物理本质的研究涉及到短至 1μs 到长至 1h 的动态过程。为了保证实际运行的电力系统的安全稳定性,不便采用在线物理试验的方法对电力系统的动态行为进行研究。目前主要利用电力系统仿真软件离线计算的方法对电力系统及装置的动态行为进行仿真研究。

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电力系统仿真软件综述

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1s1h


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Operator actions

LFC

Prime mover control

Protection

Generator control

HVDC, FACTS, etc.

Daily load variation

Tie-line regulation

Long term dynamics

Long-duration variations

Transient stability

Short-duration variations

Subsynchronous resonance

Oscillatory transients

Switching

Impulsive transients

Lightning

Electromagnetic transient modeling and simulation

Frequency variations

Voltage fluctuations

Imbalance, harmonics, inter-harmonics, notching, noise

10-7

10-5

10-3

10-1

101

103

105

Timescale (seconds)

1 cycle

1 sec

1 min

1 hr

1 day


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  • PSS/EPSASPBPASimpowEurostagPowerWorld SimulatorPOWERTECH DSACYMENEPLANETMSP

  • EMTP/ATPPSCAD/EMTDCEmtpE

  • NETOMACDIgSILENTSimPowerSystems

  • ANSOFTANSYSCDEGS

  • : PLECSPSIM SABERCaspoc

  • :

    ETAPEDSA/DesignBase PSS/SINCAL

    PSS/ADEPT

  • :

    ADPSSARENEDDRTS HYPERSIMRTDSRT-LABdSPACE

    ,


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  • PSS/E v28v29v30v31v32v33

  • PSS/SINCAL v5.2v5.3v5.4v6.5

  • PSS/ADEPT v5.2

  • PSCAD v3.8v4.2v4.2.1v4.3.1v4.41 v4.5

  • EMTPRV v2.02v2.1v2.2 v2.3 v2.4

  • EMTPE v1.0

  • NETOMAC v7.52v33v34

  • CDEGS v8.1v12v13

  • DSATools v4v5v6v7v9v11

  • POWERWORLD v8v10

  • Eurostag v4.2v4.4

  • Simpow v10

  • Liveware v2.3

  • TPLAN v8.2v8.5

  • E-TRAN v1

  • BPA v3.0v4.0

  • PSASP v6.0v6.13v6.22v6.24v6.25v6.26v7.0

  • PLECS v1.52v1.6xv2.xv3.2 v3.3

  • Digsilent v13.1v13.2v14.x

  • ETAP v4.0v5.5v6.0v7.xv11.1

  • EDSA v2005v3.0v4.0v4.2

  • Sigra v4

  • WASP v9.xv10.x

  • CYME v4.x

  • HyBrid v2.x

  • NEPLAN v5.1v5.2

  • Windpower v30.2

  • PSIM v6.0

  • PSS/Viper v3.0

  • PLS_CADD v11.1

  • TOMLAB v7.7

  • Caspoc v2009

  • RT-LAB v10.4

  • DDRTS v7.0

  • ADPSS v2.0

  • dSPACE v7.0

  • PowerDoc 42.06G, 20092012


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-

(PSASP)BPAPTIPSSEEPRIETMSPABBSIMPOWNETOMACPowerfactoryDIgSILENT

.


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1.PSS/E

PSS/EPTI

PSS/EPSS/EPSS/E331530303.3

PSS/E70002011PSS/E20111111PSS/E33PSS/E


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PSS/E


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PSS/E


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PSS/E


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PSSE33

WECC

UsersGUIguide

TMLC

SavedCase

ReleaseNotes

Reference

PSSPLT

PSSExpress

PSSEAPI

POM

PAG

PAG-V2

PAG-V1

ModelLibrary

GUIDEtoPP

LineProp

IPLAN

Installation

Compatibility

CLI

CheatSheets

PSS/E

C:\Program Files

\PTI\PSSE33\DOCS\


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PSS/E


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PSS/E OPF

PSS/E OPFPSS/E OPFPSS/E

PSS/E OPFPSS/E OPFOPF

PSS/E OPF PSS/E OPFPSS/EPSS/E


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PSS/E OPF

PSS/E OPF

  • Minimizing operating costs

  • Reactive power scheduling

  • Voltage collapse analysis

  • Transfer capability investigation

  • Location based marginal cost assessment

  • Ancillary service opportunity cost assessment

  • Impact assessment base case development


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PSS/E OPF

PSS/E OPF

  • Minimize fuel costs

  • Minimize active power slack generation

  • Minimize reactive power slack

  • generation

  • Minimize active power loss

  • Minimize reactive power loss

  • Minimize adjustable branch reactance

  • Minimize adjustable bus shunts

  • Minimize adjustable bus loads

  • Minimize interface flows

  • Maximize interface active power transfer


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PSS/E OPF

PSS/E OPF

  • Bus voltage magnitude limits

  • Branch flow limits (MW, MVar, MVA, Ampere)

  • Interface flow limits (MW, MVar)

  • Generator reactive power capability limits

  • Generation period reserve limits

  • Generator active power limits

  • Adjustable bus shunt limits

  • Adjustable branch reactance limits

  • Adjustable load limits


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2.PSASP

Power System Analysis Software PackagePSASP

PSASP()

1973

1973-1980

1980-1986 FORTRAN

1986-1995 DOS

1995 Windows

400 1985


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PSASP

PSASPLF

PSASPST

PSASPSC

PSASPOPF

PSASPSA

PSASPNL

PSASPEQ

PSASPUD/UPI

PSASPDST

PSASPSST

PSASPVST

PSASPRPS

PSASP/LPO/NPO

PSASPHMA

PSASP

PSASP

PSASP

PSASP

PSASP


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PSASP


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PSASP


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3.PSD-BPA

PSD-BPAPSD PSD PSD PSD

  • 1 PSD-BPA BPA

  • 2 PSD-PSDB

  • 3 EMTPE

  • 4 PSD-FDS

  • 5 PSD-SCCP

  • 6 PSD-DEQU

  • 7 PSD-SSAP

  • 8 PSD-OPF

  • 9 PSD-VSAP

  • 10PSD-NET

  • 11PSD

    PSD-PCS

    PSD-Clique

    PSD-Joy

    PSD-CurveMaker

    PSD PSD-PSAW PSD-TextEdit


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PSD


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PSD-BPA


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PSD-PSAW


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4.DSATools

Powertech Labs Inc.(DSAToolsTM)DSATools

DSATools DSATools


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DSATools

PowertechDSATools

  • PSAT

    (Powerflow & Short-circuit Analysis Tool)

  • VSAT

    (Voltage Security Assessment Tool)

  • TSAT

    (Transient Security Assessment Tool)

  • SSAT

    (Small Signal Analysis Tool);

  • (UDM Editor)

  • PSS(CDT)

  • (DSA Manager)


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DSAToolsTM


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On-Line DSA


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DSA


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()

(electromagnetic transients programEMTP)1987EMTP()EMTPEMTPEEMTPManitobaEMTDCPSCADMicroTranNETOMAC

.


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1. EMTP-RV

EMTP Hermann Dommel BPABonneville Power Administration1973Hermann Dommel BPAUBCUniversity of British Columbia EMTPUBCBPA

BPABPA Scott Meyer Tsu-huei Liu DCGEMTP Development Coordination Group1984DCGEMTP

1986Scott Meyer DCGEMTPATPAlternative Transients Program

1989UBCEMTPMicroTran

1998DCGHydro-QubecEMTP2003EMTP-RV


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EMTPWorks


Emtp rv key features

EMTP-RV key features:

  • Reference in transients simulation

  • Solution for large networks

  • Provide detailed modeling of the network component including control, linear and non-linear elements

  • Open architecture coding that allows users customization and implementation of sophisticated models

  • New steady-state solution with harmonics

  • New three-phase load-flow

  • Automatic initialization from steady-state solution

  • New capability for solving detailed semiconductor models

  • Simultaneous switching options for power electronics applications


Emtp rv applications

Lightning surges

Switching surges

Temporary overvoltages

Insulation coordination

Power electronics and FACTS

General control system design

Power Quality issues

Capacitor bank switching

Series and shunt resonances

Ferroresonance

Motor starting

Steady-State analysis of unbalanced system

Distribution networks and Distributed generation

Power system dynamic and load modeling

Subsynchronous resonance and shaft stresses

Power system protection issues

EMTP-RV Applications:


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EMTPWorks

EMTP-RV EMTP-RV EMTPWorksScopeView

EMTP-RV


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  • EMTPWorksEMTP-RV*.NET

  • EMTP-RV*.NET*.mdaASCII*.m

  • ScopeViewEMTP-RV


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EMTPWorksDrag and DropEMTPWorksEMTPWorksEMTPWorks


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EMTP-RV Fortran-95


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ScopeViewMatlabComtradeEMTP-RVWindowsMatlab binaryComtradepdfjpgpngeps


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  • EMTP-RV

  • EMTP-RVEMTP

  • EMTP-RV

  • DLL


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  • advanced.clfSTATCOMSVC

  • RLC branches.clfRCLRLC

  • control.clf

  • control functions.clfPIPIDPWMPLL

  • control of machies.clf

  • flip flops.clfDJ-KS-RT

  • hvdc.clf612

  • lines.clf

  • machines.clf


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  • meters.clf

  • meters periodic.clf

  • nonlinear.clfSiCZnO

  • phasors.clf

  • sources.clf

  • switches.clf

  • transformations.clfPark

  • transformers.clf


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  • EMTP Examples


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2.PSCAD

Dennis Woodford1976EMTDC PSCAD

PSCAD/EMTDC()()()PSCAD/EMTDC()


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  • ()

  • (Multiple run facilities)

  • ()

  • SVCSTATCOM()GTOIGBT()

  • STATCOM()

  • SVC HVDC


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PSCAD


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  • New File Formats: The extensions are now *.pslx and *.pscx for library and case projects respectively. Component definition file extensions have been changed from *.cmp to *.psdx.

  • Upwards Compatibility: PSCAD X4 supports the import of *.psc and *.psl file formats that have been generated by PSCAD v4.1 or v4.2 only.

  • Downwards Compatibility: The PSCAD X4 release is not backwards compatible. That is, X4 format project files (*.pscx and *.pslx) cannot be converted back to *.psc or *.psl format.

  • New Look and Feel:

    • Ribbon Control Bar: The ribbon control bar is featured prominently across the top of the application environment.

    • Tabbed Document Interface (TDI): A modern working environment including customizable docked windows and window pinning and hiding has been added.

    • New Component Wizard: New components (both native and module), transmission lines and cables may be created from this utility.

  • New Search (Query) Utility: Functioning internally in a similar manner to the older version, the new utility possesses a different interface on the surface.

  • Temporary Directories: The old temporary directory (*.emt) naming convention is obsolete. A unique temporary directory is now created depending on the Fortran compiler used to build the project

    The temporary directory extensions are as follows:

    • GFortran: *.gf42

    • Compaq Visual Fortran 6: *.cf6

    • Intel Visual Fortran 9 to 11: *.if9

    • Intel Visual Fortran Composer XE 2011: *.if12

  • Active Project Concept is Obsolete: In previous versions of the software it was necessary to set an active project for compiling and running the simulations. Due to recent changes in the way the software navigates and displays status information, the concept of an active project is no longer necessary. It is now possible to run multiple cases in the environment simultaneously. All ribbon control buttons and status bar messages are based on the project currently in focus

PSCAD 4.4


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3. CDEGS

CDEGS(Current Distribution, Electromagnetic Fields, Grounding and Soil Structure Analysis)()/

CDEGSCDEGSCDEGS

CDEGSAutoCADDXFCDEGS


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  • RESAP:

  • MALT:

  • MALZ: ;

  • TRALIN:

  • SPLITS: ;

  • HIFREQ:

  • FFTSES: HIFREQ MALZ SPLITS

  • FCDIST:

  • SESCAD--

  • GRSERVER--

  • GRAREP--

  • GRSplits-- SPLITSFCDIST/

  • Ampacity--

  • SESBatch--

  • CAD/ -- DXF/CADAutoCADMicroStation/

  • SESGSE--

  • SESPlot --


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CDEGS


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HVDCFACTS

PSIMPLECSSABER

.


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1. PLECS

PLECSSimulinkPLECS

PLECSSimulinkSimulinkSimulinkSimulink


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PLECS

PLECS


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PLECS:

:

:IGBTGTO


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PLECS


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ETAPEDSASINCALADEPT

.


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1.ETAP

ETAPETAPETAP

ETAP10050000ETAP85%ETAPETAP


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XYZ

PDFWordAccessExcel


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ANSI & IEC

(V&V)

(V&V)

ANSIIEC


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1) -ANSI/IEEE

ANSI/IEEE C37

IEEE141399

UL489

2) -IEC

IEC60909602826078160947

IEC 61363

C

ETAP

MVAMWMvarkVAmpPF

WMF/EMF/DXF/PDF

RAW/IEEE/CSV

DXF

AutoCAD


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LTC/

IEEE 1584a 2004

IEEE 1584 2002

NFPA 70E 200020042009

CSA Z462 2008

ASTM D 120-02a

OSHA 29 CFR 1910

NEC 110.6

NESC


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PSS

GEWestinghousesolar

(UDM)

1)

2)

27,49,50,51,51V,59,67,79,87


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PSS

GEWestinghousesolar

(UDM)

1)

2)

27,49,50,51,51V,59,67,79,87


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UDM

Simulink

1

2) IEEE 80665

COMTRADE

DFIG

WECC


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1

Neher-McGrath

IEC 60287

2

3

ICEA P-54-440

IEEE 399

7671

4


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1

IEEE738-1993

2

K

HVDC

//

ANSIIEC

GIS

ETAPGIS

GIS

GISETAP

/

GIS


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IEEE946

-

/UPS

/UPS

1

ANSIIEEE

2

ANSI / IEEE C57.116

IEEE 946

ANSI/IEC

ANSI/IEC


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1

IEEE 519

(THD&IHD)

(TIF&I*T)

-

-

2

3

IEEE 308485946

1E

1

IEEE 485

RAWIEEE


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AccessExcel

AccessExcelETAP

ETAP

ETAP

e-DPP

e-DPPETAP

e-DPPETAP

CAD

DXF

AutoCAD

ANSI IEC

34

23

ABCABBCCA3

ANSIIEC

NEC

Excel

SmartPlant

SPELETAP

SPELETAP


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ETAP


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2.EDSA

Paladin DesignBase (EDSA)Power Analytics

EDSAPower Analytics ANSIIEEEIECJIC


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(Bare Wire Sizing)

(Transformer Sizing)

(Generator Set Sizing)

(Short Line Parameters)

(Relays Sizing)

(Fuses Sizing)

(Breakers Sizing)

(Battery Sizing)

3D Cable Pulling

(Cable Pulling)

(Transmission Line Sag & Tension)

(Cable Tray Analysis)

(Electromagnetic Transient Analysis)

(Ground Grid Design)

(Shielding Effectiveness)

(Robotic and Resistant Welders Calculations)

(Electrical Schedules)

(Short Circuit Analysis)

(Load Flow Analysis)

(DC Short Circuit)

(DC Load Flow

(Voltage Profile)

(Motor Starting Load Flow Analysis)

(Motor Torque and Performance)

PDC

(Protective Device Coordination)

(Harmonics Analysis)

(Transient Stability)

(Active Optimal Power Flow)

(Reactive Optimal Power Flow)

Wire and Conduit Sizing

(Short Line Parameters)

(Cable Ampacity Calculations)

Line Constants (Long Lines)

(Power Factor Correction)

Load Forecasting


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EDSA


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.

ADPSSARENEDDRTSHYPERSIMRTDSRT-LABdSPACE RTDSRTDSTEQSIMHYPERSIMEMTPEDFANENEEMTPDDRTS100010000ADPSS


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