The Globalization of Terrorism. W h at Exactly is Terrorism?. The terrorist attacks of Sept. 11 th, 2001 killed approximately 3000 people and immediately cost the US economy $150 billion.
There is nothing new about terrorism, it has existed for centuries. The word was first used to describe action during the French Revolution (1789). Top 10
Terrorist bombing in Madrid, Spain in 2004. Suicide bombers killed 191.
Before 1968, it was normal for a terrorist group to warn authorities about the placement of a bomb.
The Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) was set up after the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. MIPT lists hundreds of terrorist groups.
In 2004, Chechen terrorists bombed 2 Russian airliners. Plane 1 had all Russian’s on board, plane 2 had one Israeli citizen on board. Plane 1 would not count as a terrorist act while plane 2 would. Clearly both are terrorist acts.
Provoke governments to overreact and introduce harsh counterterrorism measures. The hope is this will cause the people to oust the existing government.
The US government has been accused of torturing detainees in its “War on Terror” in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere.
Psychological motivation: these terrorists are “true believers” and believe that they are right in both their cause and methods. The opponent is considered evil. Groups built on this type of motivation often splinter into smaller factions as disagreement is not accepted as they have absolute beliefs.
“One person’s terrorist is another person’s freedom fighter.”
The military strike against points of interest in Afghanistan was an attempt to wipe out the leadership of al-Qaeda and the Taliban government.