Ordinances to protect and enhance tree populations
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Ordinances to protect and enhance Tree Populations. Brian Wolyniak Urban Forester Penn State Extension. Resources. Managing Natural Resources: A Guide for Municipal Commissions Available online: pubs.cas.psu.edu. Urban Forest Problems. Lack of commitment

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Ordinances to protect and enhance tree populations
Ordinances to protect and enhance Tree Populations

Brian Wolyniak

Urban Forester

Penn State Extension


Resources
Resources

Managing Natural Resources:

A Guide for Municipal Commissions

Available online:

pubs.cas.psu.edu


Urban forest problems
Urban Forest Problems

  • Lack of commitment

  • Lack of community awareness and support

  • Low funding and priority

  • Poor administration

  • Poor decision-making

  • Poor site analysis and design

  • Poor maintenance


Ordinances
Ordinances

  • Police power

    • Authority to protect safety, health, and welfare of all people

  • State codes and legislation establish powers of municipal governments

  • Ordinances provide legal standing

    • More difficult to change than a resolution


Types of ordinances
Types of Ordinances

  • Riparian, floodplain, steep slope, and wetland

    • Restricts areas from development, grading, and vegetation removal

  • Stormwater

    • Regulates impervious surfaces, peak flows, and landscaping

  • Timber harvest

    • Regulates timber harvest activities

  • Zoning

    • Regulates density and type of land use, including tree and natural resource protection

  • Subdivision and land development

    • Procedural and design standards for development

    • Can specify placement of trees and landscaping, sidewalks, etc.

  • Tree preservation

    • Preserves and protects trees and their growing environment in development


Types of ordinances1
Types of Ordinances

  • Street/shade tree

    • Protects and enhances municipal-owned trees on streets and in parks and other municipal-owned space

    • Manages hazardous or nuisance trees

    • Manages disease and insect problems

    • Usually only applies to public property

    • Establishes and provides authority of shade tree commission


Street tree ordinance contents
Street Tree Ordinance Contents

  • Location

    • Where in municipal code

  • Purpose

    • Why needed, what does

  • Definitions

  • Establishment and authority of tree commission

  • Completion and review of community tree plan

  • Duties/Authority

    • Who - urban forester/arborist


Street tree ordinance contents1
Street Tree Ordinance Contents

  • Protection of trees

    • Also use zoning ordinance

  • Appeal procedure

    • commission or other

  • Enforcement and restitution

  • Permits

    • Removal, pruning, planting

  • Permit process

    • Administrative or tree commission

  • Arboriculture practices

    • Appendix

  • Public safety/nuisance

    • private and public property



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