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Blows Must Decide. The War for Independence. FOCUS QUESTION:. In times of trouble, when does one know that it is time to change what one is doing and try something else?. Preparations. Both sides prepared for a struggle More British regiments sent to the colonies

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Blows must decide

Blows Must Decide

The War for Independence


Focus question
FOCUS QUESTION:

In times of trouble, when does one know that it is time to change what one is doing and try something else?


Preparations
Preparations

  • Both sides prepared for a struggle

    • More British regiments sent to the colonies

    • Colonies revitalized militia

  • None knew what would happen

    or when

  • Passage of the Intolerable

    (Coercive) Acts


Initial blows
Initial Blows

  • Massachusetts laid in the center

    • Arguably most vocal colony

    • Intolerable Acts issued against Massachusetts

  • British troops sent to confiscate colonial arms

    • Sent to seize depots at

      Concord

    • Led to initial skirmish


Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages and Disadvantages

Identify two advantages and two disadvantages held by the British during the war.

Identify two advantages and two disadvantages held by the Colonists during the war.

(see pages 135-35)


British strategies
British Strategies

  • Divide and Conquer

  • 1st stage: Seize Boston (1775-76)

    • Isolate New England and end the conflict

  • 2nd stage: Seize Middle Colonies (1776-80)

    • Capture Colonial “capitol”

    • Isolate New England

  • 3rd stage: Seize Southern Colonies (1779-81)

    • Capture wealthiest colonies

    • Draw support from the North


Colonial strategies
Colonial Strategies

  • Outlast the British

    • Makes the war expensive

    • Makes it more difficult to fight

  • Outlast the British

    • Maintain Continental Army

    • Shadow the British

    • Gain foreign support


End of the war
End of the War

  • Victory at Yorktown was the effective end of the war

    • British government collapsed

    • Peace talks began

  • War continued for two years

    • New York remained occupied

    • Raids continued


Treaty of paris 1783
Treaty of Paris 1783

  • Independence of the U.S. recognized

    • U.S. borders set

    • West: Mississippi River

    • North: Great Lakes

    • South: Florida (returned to Spain)

  • U.S. fisherman could fish off Canadian coast

  • U.S. citizens to repay British Merchants

  • U.S. to repay Loyalists for lost property


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