Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005
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Visit of NIC representatives in Czech Republic 30 September 2005. The John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC): A survey of its supercomputer facilities and its Europe-wide computational science activities

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Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

Visit of NIC representatives in Czech Republic30 September 2005

  • The John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC):

  • A survey of its supercomputer facilities and itsEurope-wide computational science activities

  • Norbert Attig, Thomas Müller, and Achim StreitJohn von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC)Research Centre JülichGermany

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 23 may 2005

Visit of NIC representatives in Czech Republic23 May 2005

  • Agenda

  • The John von Neumann Institute for Computing Norbert Attig

  • Research in Computational Science Thomas Müller

  • Grid Computing at NICAchim Streit

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Education and research in germany

Education and Research in Germany

  • Federal system

  • Universities are under state rule (16 Länder)

  • Research is under federal rule to a large extent (Bund)

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Important german research organisations i

Important German Research Organisations I

  • Organisations for the promotion of research

  • DFGDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

    • (German Research Council)

  • Focus: university research

  • AvHAlexander-von-Humboldt-Stiftung (Foundation)

  • Focus: scientists from other countries

  • DAADDeutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst

  • (German Academic Exchange Service)

  • Focus: students and young scientists going abroad

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Important german research organisations ii

Important German Research Organisations II

  • Research Organisations

  • MPGMax-Planck-Gesellschaft (Society)

    • Basic research in science and humanities

  • HGFHelmholtz-Gemeinschaft (Association)

  • Application-oriented research in science and

  • technology; large-scale facilities

  • FhGFraunhofer-Gesellschaft (Society)

  • Research in technology

  • WGLLeibniz-Gemeinschaft (Association)

  • Various smaller research units

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Centres of the helmholtz association

Centres of the Helmholtz Association

http://www.helmholtz.de

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Helmholtz research fields

Helmholtz Research Fields

  • Old:Centre-oriented research structure

  • New: Programme-oriented research structure in the fields

    • Health

    • Earth and Environment

    • Energy

    • Structure of Matter

    • Key Technologies

    • Transport and Space

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Research centre j lich r d on 2 2 square kilometres

Research Centre Jülich R & D on 2.2 square kilometres

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Research centre j lich r d on 2 2 square kilometres1

Research Centre Jülich R & D on 2.2 square kilometres

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Research centre j lich at a glance i

Research Centre Jülich at a glance I

  • CompanyFounded in:December 1956

    • Legal form:limited liability company

  • PartnersFederal Republic of Germany (90%)

  • Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia (10%)

  • Funding360 million Euro (2004 budget)

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Research centre j lich at a glance ii

Research Centre Jülich at a glance II

  • Structure12 departments (36 institutes)

    • 6 central departments, e.g. ZAM

    • 2 project management organisations

  • Jülich ModelHeads of institutes are professors

  • at surrounding universities

  • Staff (in 2004) 4300 including

    • 1200 scientists

    • 400 Ph.D. students

    • 150 students

    • 370 trainees

  • Visiting scientistsmore than 700 p.a. from 50 countries

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Research centre j lich past present future

Research Centre Jülich – Past, Present, Future

  • Founded in 1956 as a civil nuclear research centre(“Kernforschungsanlage”, KFA)

  • Nuclear energy research became more and more unpopularin Germany

  • Strengthening the multidisciplinary research character of the centre in the nineties

  • Budget constraints and competition between the HGF centres require to focus on a few “grand challenges”

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Research centre j lich perspective committee

Research Centre JülichPerspective Committee

  • In 2004 an international Perspective Committee made an assessment of the future development of the Research Centre

  • Major recommendations:

  • Focus on “Condensed Matter Physics” as a basis for the investigation of

  • functions and diseases of the human brain

  • bio and nano electronics

  • sustained energy supply

  • networked environmental research

  • and expand the supercomputing centre NIC into a

  • European Centre for High-End Computing

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

John von Neumann Institute for Computing

  • Founded in 1987 by - Research Centre Jülich (FZJ), - German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), - National Research Center for Information Technology First and one of three German national High-Performance Computing Centres

  • Restructured in 1998, now supported by FZJ and DESYA third partner – Society for Heavy Ion Research (GSI) – will join NIC soon


Supercomputing in germany

DKRZ

Hamburg

HLRN

Berlin

HLRN

Hannover

Wuppertal

NIC

Jülich

Dresden

Aachen

National Centres

DWD

Offenbach

StateCentres

Topical Centres

HLRS

Stuttgart

Universities

RZG

Garching

LRZ

Garching

Supercomputing in Germany


National supercomputing centre john von neumann institute for computing

National Supercomputing Centre John von Neumann Institute for Computing

  • Mission

    • Enable scientists to solve grand challenge problems by operating a large-scale facility (Helmholtz mission)

    • Provision of supercomputing service  Europe-wide

    • Support through research in computational science, mathematics and computer science, Grid computing

    • Education and training


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

National Supercomputing Centre

John von Neumann Institutefor Computing (NIC)

ScientificCouncil

Management Boardof Directors:

Board Member of FZJBoard Member of DESYDirector of ZAM (FZJ)

Central InstituteforAppliedMathematics(ZAM)

Central InstituteforAppliedMathematics(ZAM)

Centre forParallelComputingDESY-Zeuthen

CompetenceGroupsforSupercomputingApplications

ProductionSupercomputerSystems, e.g.

IBM-SC, BG/L

Special PurposeSystems, e.g.

APEmille,apeNEXT

Research GroupComputational Biophysics

Research GroupElementary Particle Physics


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

Central Institute for Applied Mathematics (ZAM)


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

Central Institute for Applied Mathematics (ZAM)


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

8920 GFlops

IBM p690 Cluster

ZAMpano 20

Cray T3E-1200 614

Cray T3E-1200 614

Cray T3E-600 307

Cray T3E-600 307

Intel Paragon 10

Intel Paragon 10

Suprenum 0.3

Suprenum 0.3

Cray T90 22

Cray J90 3

Cray J90 4 GFlops

Cray M94 1.3

Cray X-MP/48 0.9

Cray Y-MP/832 2.6

Cray X-MP/22 0.4

FPS AP/190 0.02

Competence with Supercomputers

SMP cluster

early deployment of new technologies

IBM Blue Gene 5600 Gflops

massively parallel

Cray SV1ex 32

vector processor

8182838485 86 8788 89 90919293 949596 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09


Supercomputers at nic

Supercomputers at NIC

Jump: Juelich Multi-Processor IBM p690 Cluster

1312 processors, 8.9 TeraFlops,

5.6 TeraByte memory, 50 TeraByte disks, 2.2 PetaByte tape robot

jumpdoc.fz-juelich.de

Cray XD1, 72+ processors


Supercomputers at nic1

Supercomputers at NIC

Jubl: Juelich Blue Gene/L System (since July 2005)

2048 processors POWER PC440, 5.7 TeraFlops

Low power and floor space requirements highly scalable system!

Limited memory per node


Nic usage and access

NIC Usage and Access

  • ● Access

  • – Academia & research

  • –Industry

    • – Proposals accepted from Germany and Europe

  • ●Procedure

    • –Weblink: www.fz-juelich.de/nic

    • – Scientific quality counts

    • – Peer review by NIC Scientific Council

    • –International referees

    • –1 year grants


Nic usage by research fields

NIC Usage by Research Fields

Other

Life + Environment

Elementary Particle

Soft Matter

Many Particle

Materials Science

Chemistry


Origin of users

Chemistry Many Particle Physics Elementary Particle Physics Other

Origin of Users

National access


Origin of users1

Rome

Vienna

Roskilde

Coimbra

Athens

Origin of Users

European access(Collaborations)

Zagreb


Origin of users2

Edinburgh

Glasgow

DESY

Nicosia

Origin of Users

European access(I3HP)


Origin of users3

CSC

EPCC

SARA

ECMWF

IDRIS

RZG IPP Garching

LRZ

CINECA

BSC

Origin of Users

European access(DEISA partners)

HLRS


Origin of users4

Warsaw

Prague

Brno

Bratislava

Budapest

Nicosia

Origin of Users

European access(NIC Initiative)


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

NIC offers

its supercomputing facilities to research groups in the new EU member states to an extend of50,000 proc. hours per month

options for scientific collaboration

training courses on supercomputing and parallel programming; participants from new EU member states will receive a grant for their travel and accommodation expensesnext course: November 2005

NIC Initiative Iwww.fz-juelich.de/nic


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

NIC expects

challenging applications

sound scientific proposals

parallel programs, using a substantial number of processors simultaneously

participation in joint initiatives towards a future European high-end computing infrastructure

NIC Initiative IIwww.fz-juelich.de/nic


Zam research fields

Computational science

Complex atomistic modelling and simulation  Thomas Müller

Lattice quantum field theory, QCD

Simulation of quantum computers

Applied mathematics

Parallel algorithms: linear algebra, long-range interactions

Stochastic methods, data mining

Computer science

Performance optimisation

Visualisation, virtual reality

Cluster computing

Grid Computing  Achim Streit

Easy and secure access to Grid resources and data

High-speed data communication

ZAM Research Fields


Support pyramid

Support Pyramid

advisor

scientific partnership

methods and optimisation

specialist

technical support,

standby team

helpdesk


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

Education and Training

• International schools, workshops, conferences • Summer student programme• Seminars and courses• Education of mathematical- technical assistants, cooperation with the Aachen University of Applied Sciences, about 100 students and trainees• Chair of Computational Physics at Wuppertal University


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

remaining among the Top10 supercomputing centres worldwide with respect to - compute power - service - researchbecoming a leading site in a future European supercomputing network

NIC works towards


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

Thank you for your attention!


International development in hpc

International Development in HPC

  • USA

    • Push extremely fast systems

    •  Performance boost

    •  Scientific leadership in nearly all fields of science

  • EUROPE

    • Compete with USA, Japan !

    • German science council:

    • Three European Supercomputer centres

    • NIC one of these ?!

Lawrence Livermore: Blue Gene/L


European perspective

European Perspective

  • Compete with USA and Japan !

  • Statements of the German Science Council 11/2004:

  • - The acquisition of supercomputers of the highest performance class is necessary to keep Europe [...] in the competition with Japan, the US and China.

  • - The establishment of three European super- computers is necessary with an operating life of a computer of about five to six years.

  • - The supercomputers available within Europe should be replaced cyclically in regular intervals.

  • h


Supercomputing in germany1

DKRZ

Hamburg

HLRN

Berlin

HLRN

Hannover

Wuppertal

NIC

Jülich

Dresden

Aachen

National Centres

DWD

Offenbach

StateCentres

Topical Centres

HLRS

Stuttgart

Universities

RZG

Garching

LRZ

Garching

Supercomputing in Germany


German continual investment model science council 1995 2000 2004

German Continual Investment Model- Science Council 1995, 2000, 2004 -

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

DKRZ

LRZ

NIC

HLRS

RZG

DWD

LRZ

National Centres at the top of the Performance Pyramid


Visit of nic representatives in czech republic 30 september 2005

Future Helmholtz Capability Computing Complex (2007)

High-End System

>50 TeraFlops

Leadership System

>250 TeraFlops

Multi-

Gigabit

Backend

Network

Topical

Center

GridKa

Global ParallelFile System

Teams

NIC

Multi-PetaByte

Tape Archive

SL

QCD

SL

Geosphere

Capability

Support

Computing

Topical Center

DESY

SL

Neuroscience

Topical Center

AWI

SL

Nanoscience

+

Molecular

Materials

Topical Center

GSI

SL

Biology

Topical Center

FZJ

Topical Center

NIC/FZJ

Simulation Laboratories


Helmholtz association characteristics of large scale research

Complexity of the mission

relevant contributions to solving the challenges posed by society;long-term orientation, sustainable solutions

Continuity of workcontinuous added value from basic know-how to economic applications

Helmholtz AssociationCharacteristics of Large-scale Research

Cooperation

between disciplines (example medicine, environment)

between institutions (example structure of matter)

between nations (example fusion, neutron research)

Concentrationhigh-performance, versatile infrastructure

Forschungszentrum Jülich

in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft


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