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Έλλειμμα μάζας Ενέργεια σύνδεσης PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Έλλειμμα μάζας Ενέργεια σύνδεσης. Τα νουκλεόνια συγκρατούνται μεταξύ τους παρόλο που μεταξύ των πρωτονίων ασκούνται απωστικές δυνάμεις. Αυτό συμβαίνει εξαιτίας των ελκτικών πυρηνικών δυνάμεων .

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Έλλειμμα μάζας Ενέργεια σύνδεσης

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5007475


5007475

  • .

  • .

  • E = mc2, , .

  • : ( ) ;

    • : ( ) ;


5007475

  • : , .

  • .


5007475

  • .

  • : .


5007475

  • m: m = Z mp + N mn - M

  • EB: EB = (m)c2

  • H .

  • EB /A:

  • EB/A , .


5007475

  • A = 56 A = 60.

  • .

  • A A A , .


5007475

  • : .

  • : .

  • , , (EB /A) .

  • , , .


5007475

  • =200 EB/A =7,8 eV =100 EB/A =8,6 eV.

    . ;

    . ;

    . ;

    :

  • . :

    =(EB/A). =7,8. 200 eV

    =1560 eV .

  • .H :

    =(EB/A). =8,6. 100 eV=860 eV.

  • :

    =2. 860 eV = 1720 eV.

  • .H :

    = 1720 eV - 860 eV = 160 eV.


  • 5007475

    • T

      • 1.

      • 2. .

    • : .

    • ,

    • (<4. 10-15m) .


    5007475

    • H .

    • O .

    • .

    • MeV, eV.


    5007475

    • . . :

      = mp+Nmn

    • - . :

      =()c 2

    • , , .

    • . .

    • . .


    5007475

    • : . 74-78. : 3-2, 3-4.

    • : 3-8.

    • -: 1-2


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