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Manu. Presented by: Sarah Vogt. Chapter I:. Creation story: Produced waters with a thought and put his seed in them Seed became golden egg The act became Purusha Egg split into two halves: Heaven and earth with the middle sphere in between. From Himself made the mind

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Presented by: Sarah Vogt

chapter i
Chapter I:
  • Creation story:
    • Produced waters with a thought and put his seed in them
    • Seed became golden egg
    • The act became Purusha
    • Egg split into two halves:
      • Heaven and earth with the middle sphere in between.
    • From Himself made the mind
    • He created the soul and the 5 organs of sensual perception in their order
chapter 1
Chapter 1:
  • He created the order of the gods
  • From fire, wind, and sun the threefold Veda
    • Rik, Yagus, and Saman used for sacrifice
  • Affected by opposites
  • The varna proceeded by the mouth,arms, thighs, and feet (Brahman-first born)
  • He divided his own body becoming half male and half female.
chapter 11
Chapter 1:
  • The female half produced Virag
  • Virag performed austerities making the twice-born
    • Austerities: rigorous spiritual practices
  • The lord performed very difficult austerities
    • 10 sages: Mariki, Atri, ANgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Dratu, Praketas, Vasishtha, Bhrigu, and Narada
  • 7 Manus:
    • Svayambhu (self-existent), Svarokisha, Auttami, Tamasa, Raivata, Kakshusha, son of Vivasvat
    • Svayambhu produced Brahman from austerities with his mouth.
chapter ii
Chapter II:
  • Veda first source of sacred law.
  • The birth rites of the Brahman.
  • Role and rules of a student
    • Initiation rituals
    • Eat properly
    • Keep organs in control
    • Salutations
    • To the Veda
chapter iii
Chapter III:
  • Laws for student entering the householder age
    • Marriage rites
    • Sacrificial fire
    • Feasts of the sacrifice and treatment of guests
chapter iv
Chapter IV:
  • Householder’s rights to property
  • Situations and items a man should avoid
  • The laws on accepting gifts
chapter v
Chapter V:
  • Foods to avoid
  • Rites of death
  • Purification
  • Women can never be independent
    • By violating her duty toward her husband, a wife is disgraced in this world after death she enter the womb of a jackal and is tormented by disease (the punishment) of her sin.
chapter vi
Chapter VI:
  • Laws of a hermit
    • Sacrifice
    • What practices should be performed
  • Laws of a ascetic (world renouncer)
    • How and when he should beg
chapter vii
Chapter VII:
  • Duties of Kings
    • Land
    • Wife
    • Sacrifice
    • Protection
chapter viii
Chapter VIII:
  • Salutations for a king
  • Regulations of taking property
  • Suits (court cases)
  • Punishment
chapter ix
Chapter IX:
  • Laws pertaining to husband and wife
    • Husband guard the wife
    • Women’s sin
  • Matters pertaining to the seed
    • How to make offspring
    • Children born to the female belong to the female
  • Widowed women
  • Division of the inheritance
  • Laws on legitimate sons
  • Laws concerning gambling
chapter ix1
Chapter IX:
  • Corporal Punishment
  • Acts king does to thieves
  • Punishment of people defacing property
  • Role of the king
    • Act properly
    • Sleeping he represents the Kali (iron age), waking the Dvapara (brazen) age, ready to act the Treta (silver age), but moving actively the Krita (golden) age.
  • Duties of the Vaisyas and Sudras
chapter x
Chapter X:
  • The varna person born into
    • Based upon marriage offspring
    • All the different castes
  • Laws for Aryans
  • Brahman’s 6 acts:
    • Teaching, studying, sacrificing for himself, sacrificing for others, making gifts and receiving them
  • Vaisyas avoid selling
  • Rules followed in reference to hunger
  • Rules to the Sudra
chapter xi
Chapter XI:
  • Rules of giving and receiving (sometimes forceful)
    • Sacrifice
  • Penance
    • Physical appearance of crimes
    • Purification rites
    • Mortal sin (mahapataka)/ minor offenses equals to what specific offense
      • Penance performed in regard to situation
chapter xii
Chapter XII:
  • Connexion with actions
  • Punishment in next life based upon offenses committed
    • Sinful acts committed in body-something inanimate, sins committed by speech-birds or beasts, mental sins- lower caste.
  • Following the Veda will lead to salvation.