Imperative opatative moods
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Imperative & Opatative Moods. J. Lyle Story. Parse and Translate. poih /sate a9gi/ aze baptis qh / tw a0kousa/ tw i1dete ei0se/ lqete sw =son. Ancient Jerusalem Temple. Parse and Translate. bale/ tw bapti / sqhti ei0sa/gage a0kou/ etw poreu / qhti khru / cate kata/ bhqi.

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Imperative & Opatative Moods

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Imperative & Opatative Moods

J. Lyle Story


Parse and Translate

  • poih/sate

  • a9gi/aze

  • baptisqh/tw

  • a0kousa/tw

  • i1dete

  • ei0se/lqete

  • sw=son

Ancient Jerusalem Temple


Parse and Translate

  • bale/tw

  • bapti/sqhti

  • ei0sa/gage

  • a0kou/etw

  • poreu/qhti

  • khru/cate

  • kata/bhqi

Discus Thrower (Greek) - circa 460 B.C.


Parse and Translate

  • mh\ ge/noito

  • ei1h

  • mh\ fobei=sqe

  • a0kolouqei/tw

  • e1rxou

  • e9toima/sate

  • mh\ pisteu/ete

Cardo Street, Jerusalem


Biblical Examples

  • poih/son h(mi=n qeou\v oi$ proporeu/sontai h(mw=n –o( ga\r Mwush=v ou{tov o9 a1nqrwpov o$v e0ch/gagen h(ma=v e0k gh=v Ai0gu/ptou, ou0k oi1damen (we know) ti/ ge/gonen au0tw=|. LXX of Exod. 32:1

  • Pe/trov de\ pro\v au0tou/v,

    Metanoh/sate kai\ baptisqh/tw

    e#kastov u(mw=n e0pi\ tw=| o0no/mati

    0Ihsou= Xristou= ei0v a1fesiv (forgiveness)

    tw=n a(martiw=n u(mw=n. Acts 2:38

Black-Figure Amphora. Attic, (Greek) c. 540-530 B.C.


Examples from the Greek NT

  • Ou3twv ou]n proseu/xesqe u(mei=v,

    Pa/ter h(mw=n o) e0n toi=v ou0ranoi=v

    a(giasqh//tw to\ o1noma/ sou,

    e0lqe/tw h( basilei/ sou

    genhqh/tw to\ qe/lhma/ sou

    w(v e0n ou0ranw=| kai\ e0pi\ gh=v.

    Matt. 6:9-10

Tomb of Absalom (Absalom’s Pillar), Kidron Valley, Jerusalem


Example from the Greek NT (wish prayer—slight shift in word order)

  • au0to\v de\ qeo\v th=v ei0rh/nhv

    A a9gia/sai

    B u(mi=n

    C o(lotelei=v (entirely)

    kai\

    C/ o(lo/klhron(whole)

    B/ u(mw=n to\ pneu=ma kai\ h( yuxh\ kai\ to\ sw=ma

    A / thrhqei/h a0me/mtwv(blamelessly) e0n th=| parousi/a|

    tou= kuri/ouh(mw=n 0Ihsou= Xristou=.

    pisto\v o( kalw=n u(ma=v, o$vkai\ poih/sei. I Thess. 5:23-24

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; (10 BC – 54 AD), was Roman Emperor from 41 to 54.


Examples from the Greek NT

  • le/gei pro\v au0to\n o( basiliko/v, Ku/rie, kata/bhqipri\n a0poqanei=n to\ paidi/on mou. le/gei au0tw=| o( 0Ihsou=v, Poreu/ou, o( ui(o\v souzh=|. e0pi/steusen o( a1nqrwpov tw=| lo/gw| o$nei]pen au0tw=| kai\ e0poreu/eto. Jn. 4:49-50

  • mh\ kri/nete, i3na mh\ kriqh=te

    Matt. 7:1

  • Pa/tera#gieth/rhson au0tou/v

    Jn. 17:11

Agora with shops and odeon, Thessalonica


Examples from the Greek NT

  • tau=ta e0la/lhsen 0Ihsou=v, kai\ e0pa/ravtou\v o)fqalmou\v ou0tou= ei0v to\n ou0rano\n ei]pen, Pa/thr, e0lh/luqen h( w3ra, do/casonsou to\n ui(o/n i3na o( ui(o\v doca/sh| se/. Jn. 17:1

  • a(gi/ason au0tou\v e0n th=| a0lhqei/a|

    Jn. 17:17

  • o( no/mov a(marti/a; mh\ ge/noito

    Rom. 7:7


Examples from the Greek NT

  • mh\ qauma/zete a0delfoi/, ei0 misei= (mise/w = I hate) u(ma=v o( ko/smov. I Jn. 3:13

  • 0Agaphtoi/, mh\ panti\ pneu/matipisteu/ete, a0lla\ dokima/zete(dokima/zw= I examine) ta\ pneu/mata ei0 e0k tou= qeou= e0stin,

    o#ti polloi\ yeudoprofh=tai

    e0celhlu/qasin ei0v to\n ko/smon.

    I Jn. 4:1


Examples from the Greek NT

  • lu/sate to\n nao\n tou=ton kai\ e0n trisi\n h(me/raiv e0gerw= au0to/n. Jn. 2:19

  • 0Hkou/sate o3ti e0rre/qh, 0Agaph/seiv to\n plhsi/on (neighbor) sou= kai\ mish/seiv to\n e1xqro/n sou. e0gw\ de\ le/gw u(mi=n

    a0gapa=tetou\v e1xqrou\v u(mw=n

    kai\ proseu/xesqe u(pe\r tw=n

    diwko/ntwn u(ma=v o#pwvge/nhsqe

    ui9oi\ tou= patro\v u(mw=n tou= e0n ou0ranoi=v

    Matt. 5:43-44


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