Imperative opatative moods
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Imperative & Opatative Moods. J. Lyle Story. Parse and Translate. poih /sate a9gi/ aze baptis qh / tw a0kousa/ tw i1dete ei0se/ lqete sw =son. Ancient Jerusalem Temple. Parse and Translate. bale/ tw bapti / sqhti ei0sa/gage a0kou/ etw poreu / qhti khru / cate kata/ bhqi.

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Imperative & Opatative Moods

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Imperative opatative moods

Imperative & Opatative Moods

J. Lyle Story


Parse and translate

Parse and Translate

  • poih/sate

  • a9gi/aze

  • baptisqh/tw

  • a0kousa/tw

  • i1dete

  • ei0se/lqete

  • sw=son

Ancient Jerusalem Temple


Parse and translate1

Parse and Translate

  • bale/tw

  • bapti/sqhti

  • ei0sa/gage

  • a0kou/etw

  • poreu/qhti

  • khru/cate

  • kata/bhqi

Discus Thrower (Greek) - circa 460 B.C.


Parse and translate2

Parse and Translate

  • mh\ ge/noito

  • ei1h

  • mh\ fobei=sqe

  • a0kolouqei/tw

  • e1rxou

  • e9toima/sate

  • mh\ pisteu/ete

Cardo Street, Jerusalem


Biblical examples

Biblical Examples

  • poih/son h(mi=n qeou\v oi$ proporeu/sontai h(mw=n –o( ga\r Mwush=v ou{tov o9 a1nqrwpov o$v e0ch/gagen h(ma=v e0k gh=v Ai0gu/ptou, ou0k oi1damen (we know) ti/ ge/gonen au0tw=|. LXX of Exod. 32:1

  • Pe/trov de\ pro\v au0tou/v,

    Metanoh/sate kai\ baptisqh/tw

    e#kastov u(mw=n e0pi\ tw=| o0no/mati

    0Ihsou= Xristou= ei0v a1fesiv (forgiveness)

    tw=n a(martiw=n u(mw=n. Acts 2:38

Black-Figure Amphora. Attic, (Greek) c. 540-530 B.C.


Examples from the greek nt

Examples from the Greek NT

  • Ou3twv ou]n proseu/xesqe u(mei=v,

    Pa/ter h(mw=n o) e0n toi=v ou0ranoi=v

    a(giasqh//tw to\ o1noma/ sou,

    e0lqe/tw h( basilei/ sou

    genhqh/tw to\ qe/lhma/ sou

    w(v e0n ou0ranw=| kai\ e0pi\ gh=v.

    Matt. 6:9-10

Tomb of Absalom (Absalom’s Pillar), Kidron Valley, Jerusalem


Example from the greek nt wish prayer slight shift in word order

Example from the Greek NT (wish prayer—slight shift in word order)

  • au0to\v de\ qeo\v th=v ei0rh/nhv

    A a9gia/sai

    B u(mi=n

    C o(lotelei=v (entirely)

    kai\

    C/ o(lo/klhron(whole)

    B/ u(mw=n to\ pneu=ma kai\ h( yuxh\ kai\ to\ sw=ma

    A / thrhqei/h a0me/mtwv(blamelessly) e0n th=| parousi/a|

    tou= kuri/ouh(mw=n 0Ihsou= Xristou=.

    pisto\v o( kalw=n u(ma=v, o$vkai\ poih/sei. I Thess. 5:23-24

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; (10 BC – 54 AD), was Roman Emperor from 41 to 54.


Examples from the greek nt1

Examples from the Greek NT

  • le/gei pro\v au0to\n o( basiliko/v, Ku/rie, kata/bhqipri\n a0poqanei=n to\ paidi/on mou. le/gei au0tw=| o( 0Ihsou=v, Poreu/ou, o( ui(o\v souzh=|. e0pi/steusen o( a1nqrwpov tw=| lo/gw| o$nei]pen au0tw=| kai\ e0poreu/eto. Jn. 4:49-50

  • mh\ kri/nete, i3na mh\ kriqh=te

    Matt. 7:1

  • Pa/tera#gieth/rhson au0tou/v

    Jn. 17:11

Agora with shops and odeon, Thessalonica


Examples from the greek nt2

Examples from the Greek NT

  • tau=ta e0la/lhsen 0Ihsou=v, kai\ e0pa/ravtou\v o)fqalmou\v ou0tou= ei0v to\n ou0rano\n ei]pen, Pa/thr, e0lh/luqen h( w3ra, do/casonsou to\n ui(o/n i3na o( ui(o\v doca/sh| se/. Jn. 17:1

  • a(gi/ason au0tou\v e0n th=| a0lhqei/a|

    Jn. 17:17

  • o( no/mov a(marti/a; mh\ ge/noito

    Rom. 7:7


Examples from the greek nt3

Examples from the Greek NT

  • mh\ qauma/zete a0delfoi/, ei0 misei= (mise/w = I hate) u(ma=v o( ko/smov. I Jn. 3:13

  • 0Agaphtoi/, mh\ panti\ pneu/matipisteu/ete, a0lla\ dokima/zete(dokima/zw= I examine) ta\ pneu/mata ei0 e0k tou= qeou= e0stin,

    o#ti polloi\ yeudoprofh=tai

    e0celhlu/qasin ei0v to\n ko/smon.

    I Jn. 4:1


Examples from the greek nt4

Examples from the Greek NT

  • lu/sate to\n nao\n tou=ton kai\ e0n trisi\n h(me/raiv e0gerw= au0to/n. Jn. 2:19

  • 0Hkou/sate o3ti e0rre/qh, 0Agaph/seiv to\n plhsi/on (neighbor) sou= kai\ mish/seiv to\n e1xqro/n sou. e0gw\ de\ le/gw u(mi=n

    a0gapa=tetou\v e1xqrou\v u(mw=n

    kai\ proseu/xesqe u(pe\r tw=n

    diwko/ntwn u(ma=v o#pwvge/nhsqe

    ui9oi\ tou= patro\v u(mw=n tou= e0n ou0ranoi=v

    Matt. 5:43-44


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