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From Douglas fir to Dungeness crab: Land use change and ecosystem services in Hood Canal, WA J. Toft, M. Marsik , G. Spiridonov , D. Sutherland, PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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From Douglas fir to Dungeness crab: Land use change and ecosystem services in Hood Canal, WA J. Toft, M. Marsik , G. Spiridonov , D. Sutherland, J. Burke, M. Carey, A . Guerry , P. Levin, M . Plummer, M. Ruckelshaus.

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From Douglas fir to Dungeness crab: Land use change and ecosystem services in Hood Canal, WA J. Toft, M. Marsik , G. Spiridonov , D. Sutherland,

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From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

  • From Douglas fir to Dungeness crab: Land use change and ecosystem services in Hood Canal, WA

  • J. Toft, M. Marsik, G. Spiridonov, D. Sutherland,

  • J. Burke, M. Carey, A. Guerry, P. Levin,

  • M. Plummer, M. Ruckelshaus


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

When do land-based activities affect the success of marine resource management?


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

freshwater

water quality

Simple models for application in the 3 systems?

oysters

crab and fish


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

The InVEST Tool

Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

  • Water Yield and Scarcity

  • Reservoir Hydropower Production

  • Freshwater Purification: Nutrient Retention

  • Sediment Retention

  • Avoided dredging and water quality regulation

  • Managed Timber Production

  • Crop Pollination

  • Renewable energy: waves

  • Coastal Vulnerability & Protection

  • Aquaculture: finfish & shellfish

  • Aesthetic quality

  • Fisheries

  • Recreation

  • Habitat risk assessment

  • Marine water quality

  • http://www.naturalcapitalproject.org/


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

freshwater


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Water Yield Model


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Annual Values:

Precipitation

Potential

Evapotranspiration

Snapshot:

Land Cover

Available Water Content

Soil Depth

Topography

Watersheds

Sub-Watersheds

2006

LU Tables:

Rooting Depth

Plant ET

coefficient

Water Demand

Average Annual

Discharge Compared

To USGS and WADOE gauge observations


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Nutrient Model: Total Nitrogen and Phosphorus


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

water quality


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Physical transport model


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Physical transport model

ADM001 (DoE)

  • 2-Layer Box Model, 6 Regions

  • Based on Babson et al. (2006), but rewritten in MATLAB for more general use

  • 6 boxes in HC, 7 rivers

  • IC’s: from MoSSea

  • BC’s: from ADM001 DoE station

Hans (ORCA)

6

Big Quilcene

Little Quilcene

4

Dosewallips

5

Duckabush

Big Beef

Creek

Hamma

Hamma

3

2

1

Skokomish


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Biogeochemical Cycling

NPZDO modeling: Oxygen is added in proportional to

nutrient uptake (Banas et al. 2009)

or see: http://faculty.washington.edu/banasn/models/lynch/


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Pacificoysters


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Pacific Oyster Production Model

$: Commercial and Recreational


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Dungeness crab


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

Inputs

Spatial structure of the population

Outputs

Fisheries

Catch, harvest rates/strategies

Numbers of crab harvested

Life history details

Age-structure, survival rates, fecundity, spawner/recruit, immigration rates

Commercial and Recreational Value of harvest

Economics

Price-per-pound, fixed & variable costs


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

freshwater

water quality

Pacificoysters

Dungeness crab


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

  • Eastern oysters

  • Blue crab

  • Striped bass

  • Pacific oysters

  • Dungeness crab

  • Pacific salmon (sps TBD)

  • Eastern oysters

  • Blue crab

  • Red drum


From douglas fir to dungeness crab land use change and ecosystem services in hood canal wa j toft m marsik g spi

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